(Tang materia medica)
[synonyms] Bizi (Bizi) (Ben Jing), Torreya Shi (BIE Lu), Bizi (Tao Hongjing), yushanguo (Dongpo poetry anthology), CHIGUO and Yuyu (daily materia medica).
[source] it is the seed of Torreya grandis.
[plant morphology] Torreya grandis (bielu), also known as Yeshan (compendium), Torreya grandis, Torreya grandis.
Evergreen trees, up to 25 m high. Bark gray brown, branches open, branchlets glabrous. The leaves are pseudodiallel, linear lanceolate, 1.2-2.5 cm in length and 2-3 mm in width. The narrower they are, the narrower they are toward the upper part. The apex of the leaf is pointed, the base is almost round, the whole leaf is hard, dark yellow green above, glossy, light green below, and the middle rib is obvious. There is a concave yellow white stomatal belt on both sides. Flowers unisexual, usually dioecious; male inflorescence elliptic to oblong, with total pedicels, stamens arranged in 4-8 rings, anthers 4-locular; female flowers sessile, paired, only one flower developed, base with several pairs of alternate opposite bracts, ovule 1, straight. The seeds are drupe shaped, rectangular elliptic or obovate oblong, 2-3 cm long, with small apex, reddish brown and irregular longitudinal groove at the apex; endosperm shrinks or slightly shrinks. The flowering period is April. The seed ripening period is October of the next year.
Grown on hillsides, wild or cultivated. Distributed in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei and other places.
The root bark (Torreya grandis L.) and flower (Torreya grandis L.) of this plant are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[collection] from October to November, the seeds are picked when they are mature, the fleshy skin is removed, and the seeds are taken out and dried in the sun.
[herbal medicine] the dried seeds are oval in shape, 2-4cm in length, with grayish yellow or yellowish brown surface, longitudinal wrinkles, blunt round at one end and oval scar at the other end. There is a small protuberance on both sides of the seed, slightly pointed at the other end. The shell is hard and brittle, and the inner surface is reddish brown after breaking, with hemp lines. The seed kernel is oval, wrinkled and solid, with grayish brown wrinkled membrane on the surface, yellow white and oily. The air is slightly fragrant and the taste is slightly sweet. Large, thin shell, yellow white kernel, no oil, no broken is better.
It is mainly produced in Zhejiang, Hubei, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangxi and Fujian.
[chemical composition] the seed contains fatty oil, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, glyceride of linoleic acid and sterol. It also contains oxalic acid, glucose, polysaccharide, volatile oil, tannin, etc.
[pharmacological action] Torreya grandis extract has no effect on Ascaris lumbricoides and earthworm in vitro, so it is said that it can expel Taenia solium. Torreya grandis produced in Japan contains alkaloid, which has contractile effect on uterus and is used for abortion in folk.
[processing] Torreya grandis: pick up impurities, or remove shell and kernel, and mash them when used. Stir fry Torreya grandis: stir fry the net kernel until the appearance is brown and black, the inner kernel is yellow and black, and the burnt flavor is degree. Or stir fry with sand until hot through, yellow inside and scorched outside. Take out, remove sand and cool.
Sweet and smooth.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes sweet and warm. "
② Bielu: "poisonous. "
③ Qianjin Shizhi: "it tastes sweet, smooth, astringent and non-toxic. "
[meridian tropism] entering lung, stomach and large intestine meridians.
① According to the book of Materia Medica, we should start with the Taiyin and Yangming scriptures. "
② New edition of materia medica: "it enters the stomach, spleen and large intestine meridians, and then enters the lung. "
Functions and indications: killing insects, eliminating accumulation and moistening dryness. It is used to treat abdominal pain, infantile malnutrition, dry cough, constipation and hemorrhoids.
① Ben Jing: "the evil Qi in the stomach, remove the three insects, snake sting. "
② "Bielu": "five hemorrhoids. "
③ Tao Hongjing: "cure cunbai. "
④ Meng Shen: "people can eat, eliminate grain, help muscles and bones, camp and defend, and improve eyesight. "
⑤ "Daily use Materia Medica": "kill the worms in the abdomen, the baby is yellow and thin, and those who have worms in the abdomen will get better after eating. Take the shell to chew and eat carefully to eliminate phlegm. "
⑥ Chief editor of Sheng: "it can cure cough, white turbidity and help Yang. "
⑦ Ben Cao Bei Yao: "moisten the lung, kill insects. "
⑧ In the book of Ben Jing Feng Yuan: "we should do the same as a gentleman. "
⑨ "Ben Cao Zai Xin" says: "it can cure lung fire, strengthen spleen and soil, replenish qi and remove phlegm, stop cough, calm asthma, remove blood stasis and generate new. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder.
[taboo] 1. Su SWA's "the feeling of things": Torreya grandis shell against mung bean. "
② Ben Cao Yan Yi: "if you eat too much, it will smooth the intestines.". "
③ "Suixiju diet spectrum": "eat more to help fire, heat cough is not appropriate. "
[formula selection] ① cure cunbaichong: Torreya grandis has seven eclipses per day for seven days. (dietotherapy materia medica)
② Cure white insect: 100 Torreya grandis. If you can't eat it, you can eat 50 pieces of it, and it will disappear from the bottom. (emergency prescription)
③ Treatment of duodenal worms, Ascaris lumbricoides, pinworm, etc.: Torreya grandis (chopped) one or two, shijunren (chopped) one or two, garlic petals (chopped) one or two. Decoct with water to remove dross, three times a day, and take it on an empty stomach before eating. (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine)
④ For the treatment of apoplexy and hematemesis: first eat two or three steamed cakes, with Torreya grandis as the end, take three coins in white soup and three meals a day. (Sheng Ji Zong Lu)
[clinical application] ① treatment of hookworm disease
Eat fried Torreya grandis 3-5 Liang a day until it is confirmed that the eggs in the stool disappear. Five cases (3 of them with Trichuris) were treated, all of them were cured after about one month. There was no side effect in the course of treatment. If this product is combined with meat and garlic, the curative effect is better.
② Treatment of filariasis
Take 5 liang of Torreya grandis, 1 liang of hair ash (blood ash), grind the powder, mix with honey and rub into 150 pills. Take 2 pills 3 times a day for 4 days as a course of treatment. Clinical observation of 20 cases showed that microfilaria turned negative in 4 cases after the first course of treatment, and turned negative in 9 cases after the second course of treatment. Most of the other patients also improved in varying degrees. In the course of treatment, except for 1 case of mild dizziness after taking medicine, there were no other adverse reactions. It is believed that the product has a certain effect on killing microfilariae.
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the book of Materia Medica, it says: "Torreya is sweet and nontoxic. However, when you taste it, it is usually slightly astringent. If you use it in detail, it should be bitter and the Qi should be slightly cold. The five hemorrhoids and three worms are all caused by dampness and heat in the large intestine. If bitter cold can relieve dampness and heat, the large intestine will be clear and the two syndromes will be cured. "
② New edition of materia medica: "Torreya grandis is the best at killing insects, but it has never been used in the decoction. The slicing is the best, and the rest uses the decoction. Those who suffer from insect pain are stable immediately, and they have been tested repeatedly, so they dare to report to the public. All things that kill insects often hurt Qi and blood, but Torreya grandis is not. "
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