[synonyms] Xiaoqiao (Tang materia medica), qilanglan (seven layer orchid), ruixiangcao (questioning materia medica), naijiangcao (Emei medicinal plant), datianji, xiaoqumai (Nanning medicinal records), paicao, paicao (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine), xiaoduye (Sichuan Chinese herbal medicine records), xiaoduyuecao (Chongqing herbal medicine), xiaoyuanbaocao (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of Forsythia suspensa.
[plant morphology] Forsythia suspensa
Herbs perennial, up to 30-60 cm tall, glabrous and smooth. Stem cylindrical. Leaves opposite, sessile, narrowly oblong, obovate or ovate elliptic, 5-20 mm long, 2-8 mm wide, apex obtuse, entire, base obtuse, semiamplexicaul, scattered with black oil spots. Cymes terminal or axillary; sepals 5, green, ovate, acute, 4 mm long, with scattered black spots; petals 5, elliptic, 8-10 mm long, alternate with sepals, thick yellow, with black dotted line, slightly twisted; stamens numerous, in 3 bundles, yellow, anthers small, with 1 black spot at the top; ovary 3-locular, yellow, style 3, stigma papillary. Capsule ovate, 3-locular, locular annihilated, ca. 7 mm long. Seeds small, finely reticulate. The flowering period is August. The fruiting period is October.
Born in the wild. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
[collection] harvest from June to August
[nature and taste] 1. Nanning medical records: "pungent, flat, non-toxic. "
② Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is flat in nature, bitter in taste and non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: promoting blood circulation, hemostasis, regulating menstruation, milking, detumescence and relieving pain. For hematemesis, bleeding, uterine bleeding, irregular menstruation, milk obstruction, furuncle, traumatic injury, traumatic bleeding.
① "Emei medicine plant": "leaves and flowers: boiled meat, maternal hair milk effect. "
② Modern practical Chinese medicine: "hemostasis. Treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis, bleeding, uterine bleeding. It is also used to wash wounds. It can also be used as gargle for throat and wet cloth for rheumatic diseases. It is also used for trauma, traumatic injury and so on. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] ① for hemoptysis, epistaxis and hematochezia: 1-2 pairs of Forsythia suspensa, decocted in water; or 1-2 pairs of Longyacao, 1-2 pairs of ChanChang, decocted in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
② Irregular menstruation: Forsythia suspensa, yueyuehong, motherwort. Take it in water. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
③ Pass milk: Forsythia suspensa, shanjiazhu. Take it in water. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
④ Treatment of furuncle: xiaolianqiao five money to one or two water decoction, another fresh whole grass mashed topical. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑤ Treatment of sprain pain: Little Forsythia grass four money. Half of the wine and half of the water. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of traumatic bleeding: smash the fresh leaves of Forsythia suspensa for external application. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
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