Xiaoguo falling bell
(color atlas of common Chinese herbal medicines)
[synonym] paopu grass, Melia azedarach, trigonometric bubble, trigonometric vine, Baochai grass, dilingling (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine), zongzicao, zimuzhu (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of the family Sapindus.
[plant morphology] ground falling bell with small fruit
Weak herbaceous vines with tendrils 1-3 m long. The stem is longitudinally striated and sparsely short hairy. The leaves are alternate, 2-whorled and 3-compound, 5-10 cm long; the leaflets are membranous, ovate to lanceolate, 1-5 cm long, with coarse teeth or division on the margin. The flowers are small, white, 2-2.5 mm long, symmetrical, axillary, with several long stalked cymes, 2 tendrils below; sepals 4-5; petals 4, 2 of which are large and adherent to sepals, 1 large and flat scale above the base, 2 of which are small and 1 coronal scale above the base; disk slanting to one side; stamens 8, slanting, filaments separated or united at the base; ovary 3-locular, style 3-lobed . Capsule membranous, obovate triangular, 1.5-2 cm long and wide. Seeds globose, black. It blooms in summer and autumn.
Most of them live in the fields, beside trees and small trees in hilly areas. It is distributed from southwest to southeast of China.
The fruit of this plant is also used for medicine. Another detailed special article.
[collection] harvested in summer and autumn, fresh or dried.
① "Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine": "taste slightly bitter, cold nature. "
② Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "pungent, cool. "
[function indications] clearing away heat and toxin. Treatment of pertussis, pharyngitis, sores, eczema, pustular sores.
"Common Chinese herbal medicine color atlas": "treatment of snake injury, fever in children, systemic blistering, white blister sores, hernia. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[selection] 1. To treat pertussis, Xiaoguo daolingxian costs five to seven yuan. Take it in water.
② Xiaoke (diabetes): small fruit fell bell (fresh) five money to one or two. Take it in water.
③ Cure pharyngitis: small fruit falls to the ground bell (fresh) one or two. Take it with water and rock sugar.
④ Treatment of aphthous ulcer: small fruit down to the ground bell fresh leaves with a little salt, cold rice, mash external application.
⑤ Treatment of sores: the small fruit falls to the ground, the bell is fresh, the whole grass or leaves are added with winter honey, and the external application is mashed.
⑥ Cure back carbuncle: small fruit falls to the ground bell (fresh) one or two, water stew clothes; another take fresh leaves pound apply the affected area. (1) Fujian Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
⑦ Treatment of eczema: Triangle bubble, bayberry, white tendon each amount. First, wash with crude medicine decocting water, then use it to powder the affected area, twice a day. (selected works of the whole exhibition: Dermatology)
⑧ Treatment of impetigo, eczema, ulcers: Triangle bubble, grasshopper Le each amount. Fry in water and wash the affected area.
⑨ Treatment of children's scrotum heat swelling: Triangle bubble amount, water decoction, wash the affected area.
⑩ Cure scrotal eczema: Triangle bubble 3 Liang, Cnidium 12. Fry in water and wash the affected area. (the following formula is Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine.)
Chinese PinYin : Xiao Guo Dao Di Ling
Xiaoguo falling bell
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