Grass stone silkworm
(notes on materia medica)
[synonyms] shichan (the classic of Materia Medica), Shiqi snake (the preparation of raw herbs), Shiqi snake (the record of Lingnan herbs), baishenjin and shishenjin (Jiangxi folk herbs), baimaoyanchan and Yanchan (Zhejiang folk herbs), rat tail (Quanzhou materia medica), Anemarrhena asphodeloides, wall snake, stone earthworm, flying centipede (Mindong materia medica), shangheshu, gusheyao, and Liuwei , jinsuibu (Guangxi Medicinal plant directory), Baimao snake (Guangzhou Air Force Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine), Baimao Drynaria (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine), Shiyan silkworm, Baihua stone silkworm and Maoshi silkworm (Zhejiang folk common herbal medicine).
[source] it is the rhizome or whole grass of Drynariaceae.
[plant morphology] Dryopteris rotundifolia, also known as Dryopteris rotundifolia.
Herbs perennial, 13-23 cm high. Rhizome long and transverse, densely covered with white brown narrow scales. The leaf blade is triangular, 8-15 cm long and 7-10 cm wide, with 3-4 pinnate divisions; the basal pinnate is the largest, lanceolate triangular, 5-8 cm long and 5-7 cm wide, with the second pinnate of the base downward being the largest, ovate lanceolate, 2-5 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide, and the other pairs of second pinnules are oblong and wedge-shaped Leaves subleathery, glabrous. The sporangia are in the leaf margin; the sporangia cover is round, only the base is attached. The spore stage is from May to November.
On rocks or trees near streams. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangdong and Guangxi.
[collection] all year round. After harvest, the leaves and fibrous roots were removed and dried in the sun. Or fresh.
[herb] rhizome is long, twisted, sometimes branched, 5-25 cm long, 3-9 mm in diameter. The surface is densely covered with membranous scales, grayish white to grayish brown, with scattered dark brown fibrous roots and a few traces after removing petioles and fibrous roots. It is brittle and easy to break. The section is brown or green, with punctate vascular bundles arranged in a ring. The air is weak and the taste is light.
Produced in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong, Jiangxi and other places.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb contains flavonoid glycosides, organic acids, amino acids, phenols and sugars.
Sweet and light, cool.
① Zhejiang folk herbal medicine: "rhizome: cool in nature, sour and pungent in taste. "
② "Quanzhou Materia Medica": "rhizome: light taste, flat nature, small poison. "
③ "Mindong Materia Medica": "rhizome: cool nature, sweet and light taste, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind and dampness, clearing heat and detoxifying. Treatment of rheumatic arthralgia, damp heat jaundice, cough, asthma, lung carbuncle, breast carbuncle, gingival swelling, diphtheria, gonorrhea, leucorrhea, snake injury.
① In the collection of materia medica: "root: soak wine to remove wind and blood; master stream poison and cook it. "
② The book of materia medica: "root: the main way is to inject wind, disperse blood and relieve pain. Its joints can also be used alone. "
③ "Root and stem: dispelling wind and dampness. Wine? Bones and muscles. "
④ "Lingnan caiyao Lu": root: Calcined ash, boiled water. Treatment of asthma, gas pain, abdominal pain; for the end of the treatment of snake sores. "
⑤ "Jiangxi folk herbal medicine": "rhizome: treatment of women's leucorrhea, damp heat jaundice, hand and foot contracture, arthralgia. "
⑥ "Zhejiang folk herbal medicine": "rhizome: good at treating wind arthralgia and stopping hematemesis. "
⑦ Quanzhou materia medica: "the whole herb: dispelling wind, relieving spasm, relieving wind, dampness and heat, relieving pain and detoxification. In the treatment of tuyere eye deviation, paralysis, rheumatic pain. "
⑧ "Mindong Materia Medica": "rhizome: treatment of laryngeal moth, diphtheria swelling and pain, gingival swelling and pain, upset, gonorrhea; external application of hand and foot dislocation. "
⑨ "Guangxi medicine plant directory": "rhizome: treat Dieda, cough, yellow disease, infantile malnutrition. "
⑩ "Whole herb: dispel wind, disperse dampness, cool blood and diuresis. Treatment of tetanus, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic low back and leg pain, lumbar muscle strain, hematuria. "
(11) Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "rhizome: clearing heat and cooling blood, removing dampness and removing drenching. Treatment of lung carbuncle, breast carbuncle, drenching, hematochezia, herpes zoster. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; grind powder or soak wine. External use: tamping.
(1) Quanzhou materia medica: "it is not available for paralyzed patients due to fatigue. "
② "Mindong Materia Medica": "it is forbidden to use it when it is dirty and cold; it is diarrhea when it is taken more. "
[prescription selection] ① for treatment of tuyere eye deviation, paralysis, weakness of Qi and blood, headache and dizziness: Yin stone fern dry whole grass as the end. One money at a time. (Quanzhou materia medica)
② Treatment of rheumatic joint pain or low back rheumatic pain: Yin stone fern dry whole grass four Liang. Soak a jin of wine and take it frequently. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Treatment of lumbar muscle strain, joint pain: Yin stone fern rhizome three Liang. Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
④ Treatment of sprain: remove hair from fresh rhizome of Yin stone fern, mash and apply on the injured part. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑤ Treatment of lung carbuncle: fresh Yin stone fern rhizome one to two. Fried in water, mixed with rock sugar.
⑥ Treatment of breast carbuncle: fresh Yin stone fern rhizome appropriate, mash external application.
⑦ Treatment of herpes zoster: fresh Yin stone fern rhizome, mash juice, adjust a little realgar powder, wipe the affected area. (5) Fujian Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
⑧ Treatment of wind fire toothache, tonsillitis: Yin stone fern root three to five money. Take it in water. (Practical Chinese herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of gingival swelling and pain: Yin stone fern rhizome three to five money (fresh, double use). Decoct the soup, remove the dregs and cook with the eggs. (Mindong materia medica)
⑩ Treatment: fresh Yin stone fern rhizome with white lees or vinegar lees together pestle rotten, apply the affected area. (Mindong materia medica)
(11) treatment of hemoptysis and urticaria. Decoct in water, add proper amount of sugar, take it on an empty stomach in the morning and evening. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
Chinese PinYin : Cao Shi Can
Grass stone silkworm 1
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