Grass stone silkworm
(compendium of Materia Medica)
[synonyms] Antheraea japonica (daily use materia medica), ganluzi and Dilu (yintengzheng), ganluzi (famine relief materia medica), tuba (yudonglu), baotacai (Chinese plant Atlas), cochlear (Jiangsu botanical records), local Cordyceps (Luchuan materia medica), diguniucao and diniu (Guizhou herbal medicine).
[source] it is the tuber or the whole grass of the Labiatae plant.
[plant morphology] grass stone silkworm
Herbs perennial, erect, with stolons at the base and screw shaped tubers at the end. The stem is 30-60cm high, square, quadrangular, with long inverted bristles. Leaves opposite; leaves ovate or oblong, about 3-10 cm long, 1.5-6 cm wide, apex acute or long pointed, base heart-shaped or nearly round, margin serrate, both sides villous; petiole 1-5 cm long. Bracts lanceolate, villous on both sides. There are 2-6 rounds of flowers, 3-6 flowers in each round, forming a discontinuous panicle raceme, terminal at the branch tip; the base of petiole has a pair of exfoliative setiform bracteoles; calyx is bell shaped, glandular pilose, 5-toothed, with needle tip at the tooth end; corolla is reddish purple, glandular hair is exposed, with hairy ring in corolla tube, upper lip is erect and slightly reflexed, lower lip is flat, with 3 lobes; stamens are 4,2-strong , extending beyond corolla and beneath upper lip; style apically 2-lobed. Nutlets are black. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from June to July.
Born in wet land or near water. Distributed in Hebei, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Anhui, Sichuan, Zhejiang and other places.
[collection] harvest in spring and autumn. Dig out the tubers, wash them and dry them in the sun.
[chemical constituents] stachydrine, choline and stachyose are present in the whole plant.
[pharmacological action] stachydrine in caohishi silkworm is slightly sweet and has no pharmacological effect. It is excreted from urine after oral administration. It can slow down the contraction frequency of frog's heart.
S. hetonica, a plant of the same genus from the Soviet Union, can enhance the uterine contractility in the late pregnancy and the first day after delivery, and can be used in obstetrics and gynecology. The other s. rectal. Has cholagogic effect. S. Sylvatica L. has sedative effect on the central nervous system, slightly reduces blood pressure, significantly enhances cardiac contractility and excites uterus.
[nature and taste] ① Yinshan Zhengzheng: "sweet, flat, non-toxic. "
② Guizhou herbal medicine: "the nature is flat, the taste is sweet and slightly pungent. "
[function indications] it is used to treat cold due to wind heat, cough due to asthenia and infantile malnutrition.
① Qinshan Zhengji: "benefit five zang organs, lower Qi, clear spirit. "
② "Zhiyao Zhi of Jiangsu Province:" treating heartache. "
③ Lu Chuan materia medica: "nourish and strengthen, clear and invigorate the lung, and work like winter wormwood. It is used to treat emaciation, cough due to fatigue and infantile malnutrition. "
④ Guizhou herbal medicine: clearing lung and relieving exterior. Whole herb: for wind heat and cold; root: for tuberculosis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 0.5-1 liang of whole grass, 1-2 liang of root; soak in wine or bake and grind. External use: fried, washed or tamped.
[selection] 1. To treat wind heat and cold: two liang of grass and stone silkworm. Take it in boiling water. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
② Treatment of tuberculosis: grass, stone and silkworm root four Liang. Stewed pig lungs are often eaten. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Cao Shi Can
Grass stone silkworm 2
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