(rihuazi materia medica)
[synonyms] tangerine kernel (wansengtan prescription), tangerine kernel (Bencao Yanyi), tangerine rice (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), tangerine kernel (Pharmacology).
[source] it is the seeds of many kinds of oranges, such as Fuju or Zhuju. See "orange" for plant morphology.
[collection] it is usually collected from food processing plants, washed, dried in the sun or dried on the Kang.
[medicinal materials] the dried seeds are oval or oval in shape, with a short mouth like protuberance at one end, about 7-10 mm in length and 5-7 mm in short diameter. The exotesta is yellowish white to grayish white, smooth, with seed ridge lines on one side, extending from hilum to chalazal point, brittle and easy to peel off. Endotesta membranous, light brown, close to the exotesta. Two pieces of seed kernel are fat and rich in oil. Slightly oily and bitter. It is better to be white, plump and uniform.
It is mainly produced in Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Sichuan and other places.
[chemical constituents] all kinds of orange seeds contain fatty oil and protein, and their bitter components are lactone and naomilin.
[processing] Orange kernel: sift the ash, clean the impurities, wash and dry in the sun. Salt orange seed: take out the orange seed, mix it with salt water, put it in the pot, stir fry it gently until it is yellowish and fragrant, take it out to dry, and mash it when you use it. (100kg of each orange kernel, 2-2.5kg of salt, add proper amount of boiling water to make it clear)
"The compendium of compendium of ancient Chinese medicine says," if you use orange seeds, you must bake them with new tiles, remove the shells and take the kernels, and grind them into medicine. "
[nature and taste] Compendium: "bitter, flat, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] into the liver and kidney channels.
① "Pinhuijingyao" says: "it's the great Yin of the hand and the great Yin of the foot. "
② In the compendium of Medical Sciences: "entering the foot Jueyin. "
③ "Into the kidney, bladder. "
Functions and indications: regulating qi and relieving pain. Treatment of hernia, testicular swelling and pain, breast carbuncle, low back pain, bladder pain.
① "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "for lumbago, bladder Qi and kidney pain. Fried shell, good wine. "
② "Gangmu": "treatment of small intestinal hernia and pudendal swelling and pain. "
③ "Ben Cao Bei Yao": "to promote liver qi, eliminate swelling and disperse toxin. "
④ Yilin zuanyao: "moisten and strengthen the kidney. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan; or into pills, powder.
[taboo] in the book of Ben Jing Feng Yuan: "only the positive is appropriate, and the false is forbidden. Because of its bitter taste, it can hurt the Qi of Chong he in the stomach. "
[selection of prescriptions] ① treat four kinds of decadent diseases: egg nucleus swelling, with a certain size; or hard as stone; or cause umbilical abdominal colic, even skin sac swelling; or become sore poison, light yellow water, even carbuncle ulceration: Orange nucleus (fried), (washed), (washed), kelp (washed), (removed meat, fried), (bran fried) each one or two, (peeled, ginger fried), (bran fried), (fried, peeled), Guixin (no fire), (no fire) each one or two Half a Liang. For fine powder, wine paste for pills, such as Tongzi big, each serving 70 pills, hollow salt wine, salt soup. If the deficiency and cold are severe, add one or two cannons; if the firm swelling does not disappear for a long time, add two coins (boiled) and screw them in. (jishengfang Juhe pill)
② Treatment of mastitis: Orange (slightly fried, five money, yellow rice wine fried, to dross warm clothing, can not drink, water fried, less yellow rice wine. (Journal of Guanghua medicine (3) 6:531935)
③ Treatment of low back pain: Orange seed, each two. Stir fry grind end, every take two money, salt wine bottom. (simple formula)
④ For the treatment of wine and wind, the nose is red: Orange core (delicate) is the end, each with a money dagger, research a peach meat, with warm wine, to know for degree. (Ben Cao Yan Yi)
[clinical application] treatment of acute mastitis
The orange kernel is rolled into fine flour, and then it is adjusted to 25% alcohol or general sweet wine and Baijiu (suitable dilute). Replace after drying. For serious cases, Orange 1 can be added to two, 1 or two of Baijiu or sweet wine, 200 ml of water, 100 ml of fire, 3 times a day, 20 ml each time. In addition to the above methods, incision and drainage are necessary for the patients with obvious abscess formation. 49 cases were treated with satisfactory results. In 15 cases of hospitalized patients, except for 5 cases of abscess formation, the other 10 cases of early patients with inflammation disappeared 1-3 days after treatment.
[famous scholar's discussion] 1. In the classic of Materia Medica, it is said that "Juhe comes out of rihuazi, which tastes bitter and warm, and can enter the kidney and bladder. In addition to the diseases caused by cold, it is often used in hernia prescription. "
② "Materia medica Huiyan": "orange core is a medicine for soothing the liver, dispersing adverse Qi and relieving cold hernia "Rihuazi" is mainly about bladder floating, Yin hernia swelling and pain, or the bladder is as cold as ice, as hard as stone, falling as heavy as ten jin. Take two pieces of orange kernel as the end, and take them every morning, afternoon and evening. Take one money at the end of each medication, and adjust the front of food Another woman's hernia, abdominal pain, waist and crotch heavy stagnation, Qi against the drenching belt and other diseases, with one or two, white water decocting and taking Liding, covering the bitter and warm into the liver and sparse Qi. "
Chinese PinYin : Ju He
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Honeysuckle dew. Jin Yin Hua Lu
Zizania latifolia. Jiao Bai
Soybean yellow roll. Da Dou Huang Juan
Sauerkraut. Gu Niu Cai
Flax leaf. Hu Ma Ye
Orange white. Ju Bai
Luan Xi. Luan Xi
Floating grass. Shan Piao Er Cao
Su Hexiang. Su He Xiang
Eagle eyes. Ying Yan Jing
Drop stone. Di Shi