[synonyms] Wei (the book of songs), Chuishui (Erya), Wei Lai, chaocai, yepea (pinhuijingyao), YEMA pea (caomibianfang), jiantongpea (botanical Dictionary), jiuwilderness pea, chunchaocai, common vetch, yecaidou, huangtengzi (Leguminosae), vetch (flora of Guangzhou), feitiancao (Guizhou herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole grass of leguminous plant dasaocai.
[plant morphology] dachaocai
Annual herb, 25-50 cm high, cultivated up to 90 cm, covered with sparse yellow pubescence. Stipules semisagittate, with 1-3 lanceolate teeth on one side and all green on the other, 8-16 leaflets, rectangular or oblanceolate, apically truncate or concave, apically acuminate, base cuneate, sparsely yellow pubescent on both sides, 8-18 mm long and 4-8 mm wide. Raceme axillary, 1-2 flowers, butterfly shaped, short pedicel, dark purple or rose red; calyx tubular, yellow pubescent, calyx teeth linear; flag obovate, wing and keel claws; stamen 10, two body; pistil 1, ovary with short stalk, yellow puberulent, style short, stigma capitate, style top outside a tuft of beard. Pods slightly flat, brown at maturity, split into 2 curly petals. The flowering period is from March to April.
On hillside, roadside and grassland. It is distributed in most areas of China.
[collection] harvest from April to May.
[flavor] sweet and spicy, cold.
① "Materia medica: sweet, cold, non-toxic. "
② "Pinhui essence": "sweet taste, temperament, non-toxic. "
③ "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "Xin, Ping. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and dampness, harmonizing blood and removing blood stasis. Treatment of jaundice, edema, malaria, epistaxis, palpitations, dreaminess, irregular menstruation.
① "Materia medica collection": "in tune, benefit the small intestine. "
② "Haiyao Materia Medica": "it can benefit the waterway, lower edema and moisten the large intestine. "
③ The essence of pinhui: "Yiqi, runji, Qingshen, Qianzhi. "
④ "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "activating blood, breaking blood, stopping bleeding, promoting muscle. Treatment of five jaundice swelling, Li Zang heat. Cut off malaria, calm stomach, clear eyes and ears. "
⑤ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "Shengxue. It can treat kidney deficiency, seminal emission, lumbago, dampness heat, jaundice and swelling. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang; or stewed meat. External use: tamping.
[formula selection] 1. To treat malaria, take one or two herbs of Feitian, simmer and water. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
② Cure nosebleed: fat field grass one or two, simmer sweet wine to eat. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of yellow swelling and edema: wild pea, yellow foot chicken, water soap horn, stinky grass root, dawanzi root. Take it by frying. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
④ Night dream spermatorrhea, palpitation heartbeat: wild pea, polygonatum, asparagus, cinnabar, Curculigo, Eucommia. Stewed pig's Trotter. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
⑤ Irregular menstruation: feitiancao seed, xiaoxueteng each five money, wine service. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of sores: fresh chaocai, brine tamping. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
Chinese PinYin : Da Chao Cai
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Sagittaria japonica. Shan Ci Gu Hua
Shimangcao. Shi Mang Cao
Crystal fish. Shui Jing Yu
The seed of capsule. Shuo Suo Chi Zi
Native ginseng leaf. Tu Ren Can Ye
Jute bed. Xi Sui Jue Chuang
hairyvein agrimony. Xian He Cao