Anping County is a county under the jurisdiction of Hengshui City, Hebei Province. It is located in the central and southern part of Hebei Province, adjacent to Raoyang County in the East, Shenze County in the west, Shenzhou City and Xinji City in the south, and Anguo City and Boye County in the north. It has jurisdiction over 230 administrative villages in 3 towns and 5 townships, with a population of 340000 (in 2018), a total area of 505 square kilometers and 497000 mu of cultivated land.
Anping County has a history of more than 2200 years since it was established in the reign of emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty. It is named after "the officials and the people live and work in peace and contentment and the flat terrain". Anping is an old revolutionary base area. The Taicheng special branch of the Communist Party of China, which was born in 1923, is the first rural Party branch in China. The Anping County Committee of the Communist Party of China, which was founded in 1924, is the first county committee of Hebei Province. In 1938, the Party committee of Jizhong District, Jizhong administrative office and Jizhong military region were all founded here, which is the birthplace of Jizhong Anti Japanese base area.
Anping County has formed an industrial pattern with silk screen and pig as the leading industries, and auto parts, sanitary ware, chemical industry and other industries competing for development. The economy of the whole county has always maintained a rapid and healthy development trend. Anping has been successively named as "the hometown of China silk screen", "China silk screen industrial base", "China silk screen production and marketing base", "national live pig reserve base", "national advanced county in science and technology work", the first "National County Economic Informatization pilot county", the Province's "characteristic economy demonstration county", "agricultural industrialization operation demonstration county", and the first batch of "power expansion pilot county" Point county.
In the spring and Autumn period, the territory belonged to Xianyu state.
During the Warring States period, the county belonged to Zhongshan state at the beginning and then returned to Zhao state.
In Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Julu County.
Anping County was set up in the Western Han Dynasty, and Guqiu county was set up in jiaoqiu County, 25 miles southwest of the county.
In Xinmang, Anping was called guangwangting.
In the early Eastern Han Dynasty, Anping County was renamed and Guqiu county was abolished. Jianchu four years (79 years), Li lechengguo. In the first year of Yanxi (158), Anping belonged to the state of Anping at the beginning, and later belonged to Boling county. Tonganping, Anguo, nanshenze, Raoyang four counties.
During the Wei period of the Three Kingdoms, Anping still belonged to Boling county.
In the Jin Dynasty, the state of Boling was established in Anping. Tonganping, Raoyang, Anguo and nanshanze counties.
In the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Northern Qi Dynasty and the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Anping belonged to Boling county. The county government is still in Anping County.
In the third year of kaihuang (583), Anping was changed to Dingzhou. Sixteen years (596), more Shenzhou. Daye two years (606), but also Li Dingzhou. In the third year (607), the state was abolished and the county was set up. Dingzhou was changed into Boling county. In 613, Boling county was changed to Gaoyang County, and Anping still belonged to it.
In the fourth year of Wude (621), Anping was transferred to Shenzhou. At the beginning of the State Administration, Anping was transferred to Raoyang. Zhenguan seventeen years (643), the abolition of Shenzhou, Anping also belongs to Dingzhou. Congenital two years (713), back to Shenzhou.
In the Northern Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty, Anping belonged to Shenzhou.
In 1224, Emperor Taizu of the Yuan Dynasty abolished Shenzhou and changed Anping into Nanping, which was ruled by the state and led Raoyang. In 1235, Nanping Prefecture was abolished and Anping was restored to Shenzhou. In 1261, it was changed to Jinzhou, Zhending road.
In the Ming Dynasty, Anping County belonged to Jinzhou, Zhending Prefecture.
In the early Qing Dynasty, the county was still subordinate to Jinzhou. In June 1724, it was changed to Shenzhou.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the state system was abolished, and the county belonged to Fanyang road in Zhili Province. The next year, Fanyang road was changed to Baoding Road, and Anping still belonged to it.
In July 1928, Zhili Province was changed into Hebei Province, leading Anping County.
In 1937, the county was assigned to the tenth supervision district of Hebei Province.
In 1938, the Anti Japanese government of Anping County was established, belonging to the Shanxi Chahar Hebei border region and the central Hebei region. In September of the same year, it belongs to the second special zone of Jizhong district.
In the autumn of the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), it belonged to the eight special districts of Jizhong district.
In June 1944, it was transferred to the seventh special zone of central Hebei.
In July 1946, it was transferred to nine special districts of Jizhong district.
In September 1948, the people's Government of North China was established, and Anping was under the jurisdiction of nine special districts of Jizhong District, North China Administrative Region.
On August 1, 1949, the people's Government of Hebei Province was established, and the county was assigned to Dingxian District of Hebei Province.
On April 24, 1954, Dingxian district was abolished and Anping County was put under Shijiazhuang district.
On November 5, 1958, Anping was incorporated into Shenxian county.
At the end of April 1961, Anping County (including the original Raoyang District) was reestablished, still belonging to Shijiazhuang special district.
In January 1962, Raoyang separated from Anping, and the county restored its original system. On June 17 of the same year, Anping was changed to Hengshui district.
In 1970, Hengshui area was renamed Hengshui area, which still belongs to it.
Anping County is subordinate to Hengshui City, Hebei Province, with a total area of 493 square kilometers. Its geographical coordinates are 115 ° 19 ′ e to 115 ° 40 ′ E and 38 ° 14 ′ n to 38 ° 21 ′ n. The altitude is 26 meters. Raoyang County in the East, Shenze County in the west, Shenzhou City and Xinji City in the south, Anguo City and Boye County in the north.
Anping County belongs to Jizhong platform depression in North China fault depression. The eastern and western parts of the basin span two fourth order tectonic units in the central Hebei platform depression. The western part is a part of Gaoyang uplift, and the eastern part is a part of Raoyang fault depression. The pre tertiary basement is 2500 to 3000 meters deep.
Anping County is located in the front edge of the Taihang piedmont alluvial fan, the territory is mostly Hutuo River alluvial plain. The terrain is gentle, slightly higher in the West and lower in the East, with an average slope of 1 / 3250. The highest altitude is 31.5 meters and the lowest is 18.5 meters. Hutuo River flows through the county from west to East with small curvature. The width of the valley in the west is about 300 to 500 meters, and that in the East is about 200 to 300 meters, and the valley depth is 2 to 4 meters.
Anping County is located in semi arid and semi humid continental monsoon climate zone. There is less rain and more wind in spring, high temperature and more rain in summer, moderate temperature in autumn, cold and less snow in winter.
The surface water of Anping County is formed by the water produced by itself (rainfall) and the water of the two rivers (Hutuo River and * Zhu long river).
Hutuo River originates from the northern foot of Wutai Mountain in Fanshi County, Shanxi Province. Historically, there was no fixed riverbed in the plain area of Hebei Province. It rolled from north to South and branched out. It once invaded ningjinbo in the south, disturbed wenanwa in the north and crossed Heilonggang in the East. The modern HUNI river runs through Anping from west to East, flowing through 11 townships of daziwen, Charo, donghuangcheng, dahezhuang, liujikou, hecao village, nansu village, wanghulin, chengyouzi, xiliangwa and Yuanying, with a length of about 32.5 km.
* the dragon river is now a river system of Daqing River. Its main tributaries are Shahe and Zi River, which pass through the northern territory of the territory, and are over 16 kilometers through some villages in three villages of Ma Dian, Liu Jikou and Nan Su Cun.
The type of soil parent material is mainly fluvial alluvium, and there is a small amount of alluvial proluvial in the West. The soil layer is deep, the alluvial layer is obvious, the surface texture is mainly sandy soil and light loamy sediment, the soil color is gray, rich in mica. Soil nutrients include organic matter, nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium and trace elements.
As of 2013, Anping County has jurisdiction over 3 towns (Anping Town, Madian town and nanwangzhuang town), 5 townships (Hezhuang Township, Youzi Township, Liangwa Township, Ziwen Township and Huangcheng township) and 230 administrative villages.
As of 2011, the land area of Anping County is 505 square kilometers, with a total cultivated area of 500000 mu.
The two rivers of the Hutuo River and the Chalong river run through the west to the East, and the average annual precipitation is 537.2 millimeters. Deep groundwater is a high-quality freshwater resource. The annual exploitation of the deep groundwater in the county is 17 million 684 thousand cubic meters, and the salinity of less than 2 * g / L is 463 square kilometers.
Anping County belongs to the Jizhong platform depression in the North China fault depression. Its unique stratigraphic structure provides good heat storage conditions for the formation of geothermal resources, with low mineralization, large water volume and high water head.
Grain crops include wheat, corn, millet, sorghum, sweet potato, millet, rice, buckwheat, etc.; cash crops include cotton, peanut, sesame, sunflower, edible fungi, tobacco, etc.; livestock include pigs, sheep, cattle, donkeys, mules, horses, rabbits, etc. Domesticated wild birds include pheasant, Turkey, guinea fowl, partridge, quail and ornamental birds; aquatic organisms mainly include tilapia, river crab, white pomfret, green shrimp, eel, white shark, turtle, crucian carp, black fish, catfish, Huiyu, loach, mussel, etc.
By 2018, the total population of Anping County was 340671, with a natural growth rate of 4.56 ‰.
Anping County is a Han nationality settlement area with a small minority population (mainly Mongolian, Miao, Zhuang, Buyi, Manchu, Bai, Tujia, Lisu, Lahu, Hui, Tibetan, Yi, Yao, Dai, Li, Tujia and Russian).
Anping County is located in the middle of North China Plain, in the center of Beijing, Tianjin and Shijiazhuang triangle. It is not only an open area around Bohai Sea and Beijing Tianjin, but also along the main artery of Beijing Kowloon Railway. Baoding Hengshui highway and Zhengding gangdagang highway run through the county. They connect with Beijing Shenzhen highway, Beijing Fuzhou highway and Shijiazhuang Huanghua highway in four directions: Southeast and northwest. They are 10km away from Beijing Kowloon Railway in the East, 25km away from Shihuang highway in the south, 238km away from capital airport and Tianjin port in the north 248 km, 90 km west of Shijiazhuang airport.
As of 2010, the total mileage of rural roads in Anping County has reached 540 km.
As of 2010, the GDP of Anping County has reached 7.28 billion yuan, up from 20 billion yuan
Chinese PinYin : An Ping
Angel Liu. Liu An Qi
Ma Yuhui. Ma Yu Hui
Ren Dingding. Ren Ding Ding
Ang Lee. Li An
Longshuilin. Long Shui Lin
Queen . Wei Ru Yun
Li Chenhao. Li Chen Hao
Liu Weiwei. Liu Wei Wei
Pu Xingyu. Pu Xing Yu
Wu Jian. Wu Jian
Flora . Zhang Jing Si
Translation by Zhang. Zhang Yi Wen