Wanshan District, belonging to Tongren City, Guizhou Province, is the main urban area of Tongren City. It is dominated by karst landforms and belongs to the humid climate of mid subtropical monsoon. In November 2011, the State Council approved to cancel the establishment of prefecture level Tongren City and Wanshan district. With a total land area of 842 square kilometers and a total population of 270000, it has jurisdiction over 11 townships (towns and streets).
With convenient transportation, Wanshan is an important transportation hub for Sichuan and Chongqing to reach the Yangtze River and the sea in the East, for Shanghai and Hangzhou to enter Guizhou and Yunnan in the west, for Beijing and Tianjin to go down to Guangxi and Hainan in the south, and for Guangzhou and Shenzhen to connect Shaanxi and Gansu in the north. Three expressways, namely, Shanghai Kunming expressway, Hangzhou Ruizhou Expressway and Huansheng expressway, pass through the area. Three railways, namely, Hunan Guizhou railway, Zhuzhou Liupanshui double track railway and Chongqing Huaihua double track, surround the area, reaching Tongren railway station, Tongren high speed railway station and zhushagu station in 10 minutes, and Dalong railway station in 30 minutes Yuping railway station, Xinhuang railway station and Tongren South Station of Shanghai Kunming High Speed Railway arrive at Hunan Huaihua railway station in one hour. In September 2018, with the recognition of the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council and the approval of the provincial people's government, the poor counties were listed as a whole with the excellent achievements of zero missing evaluation, zero error return, comprehensive poverty incidence rate of 1.19% and mass recognition of 96.37%. In March 2019, Wanshan district was listed as the first batch of counties for the protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics.
Name and origin
It is said that in the Western Zhou Dynasty (1100-771 BC), a woman of the Sanskrit family came from Pakistan to teach the local people to use the bronze tools she brought along the Dan vein to dig Dan on the cliff, and the cave was formed after a long time. The vassal gave the red sand to King Wu, who not only cured his heart palpitation, but also had a clear mind, a ruddy face, superhuman intelligence and doubled physical strength. Therefore, the mountain of Dan was granted the title of "dawanshou mountain", which was called dawanshan in yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, and Wanshan in the Republic of China. Therefore, according to the folk legend, "Wanshan is named after Dan.".
Evolution of organizational system
Jingzhou is the territory of Xia and Shang Dynasties.
Zhou Dynasty belongs to Chu Dynasty.
In the Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Qianzhong county.
In the Han Dynasty, it belonged to Wuling county.
At the beginning of the Wei, Jin and southern and Northern Dynasties, it belonged to Wuling County, and later to Dongyao county.
The Sui Dynasty belongs to Chenzhou.
In the Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Jinzhou.
Song Dynasty, belongs to Yuanzhou.
In 1277, there were military and civilian cases filed by Suge Office of dawanshan and other departments, and Manyi cases filed by yejiping of huangdaoxi.
At the beginning of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, the subordination of Wanshan, Huangdao and Shixi remained unchanged along the Yuan Dynasty. On June 13, 1372, dawanshan division was transferred to Huguang Province along with Xuanwei division of Sizhou; Shixi Yangtou division was transferred to zhipingdizhai and renamed Shixi chief division, which was subordinate to yuanzhouwei of Huguang. In the sixth year of Hongwu, it was also transferred to Sizhou Weisi. In the 25th year of Hongwu (1392), he was transferred to wulingping (today's Pingxi village on the street of the Dong nationality township of Huangdao) and still attached to the Xuanwei division of Sizhou. After that, Tian Chen, the Xuanwei envoy of Sizhou, and Tian zongding, the Xuanwei envoy of Sinan, had a grudge against each other over the sand pit. They raised their troops to attack each other. Chen was called God, and Gu Cheng, the Marquis of Zhenyuan, was ordered by the imperial court to fight with his troops. Shi Ping removed the two Xuanwei departments of Sizhou and Sinan, and set up the Department of Guizhou political envoy. Four prefectures, namely, Sizhou, Liping, Xinhua and Shiqian, were set up in Xuanwei Prefecture of Sizhou, and four prefectures, namely, Sinan, Tongren, Wuluo and Zhenyuan, were set up in Xuanwei Prefecture of Sinan. On March 2, 1414, dawanshan was under the jurisdiction of Tongren Prefecture, huangdaoxi and Shixi were under the jurisdiction of Sizhou Prefecture.
Since Yongzheng, most of the chieftains were abolished, and dawanshan chief secretary was directly managed by the Liuguan sent by Tongren government. Huangdaoxi Chief Secretary and Shixi chief secretary were directly managed by the Liuguan sent by Sizhou government. In 1880, cen Yuying, governor of Guizhou Province, transferred Tongren County to Jiangkou, and transferred the provincial stream division (now Jiangkou county) to dawanshan. So dawanshan, also known as Shengxi, governed the city of Wanshan (now Jiefang Street) and still belonged to Tongren Prefecture.
In August of the second year of the Republic of China (1913), Shengxi county was set up. At the beginning of its establishment, Shengxi county was subordinate to Qiandong Road (also known as Zhenyuan Road) in Guizhou Province. In 1923, the Eastern Road of Guizhou was abolished, and the county of Shengxi was directly under the Guizhou provincial government. In January of the 24th year of the Republic of China (1935), Shengxi county was subordinate to the ninth administrative supervision district, and the office of the commissioner was located in Tongren. In November 1937, Tongren was renamed the sixth and seventh administrative supervision district, and the new first administrative supervision district was established. The Commissioner's office was located in Zhenyuan, and Shengxi county was subordinate to the first administrative supervision district. In 1941, Shengxi county was abolished and its jurisdiction was merged into Yuping county and Tongren County.
In 1949, it belonged to the Sixth District of Yuping county. In December 1958, it was assigned to Tongren County to build Wanshan commune. In August 1961, it was designated as Wanshan District of Yuping county. On February 22, 1966, with the approval of the State Council, Wanshan Special Zone was established, which is subordinate to Tongren. On September 24, 1968, with the approval of Guizhou Provincial Revolutionary Committee, Wanshan Special Zone was abolished and Wanshan town was established, directly under the jurisdiction of Tongren. On August 8, 1970, the State Council approved the restoration of Wanshan Special Zone. It still belongs to Tongren area.
In November 2011, the State Council approved the abolition of Tongren District, the establishment of prefecture level Tongren City and the establishment of Wanshan district.
On February 22, 1966, Wanshan Special Zone was established, which clearly stated that "the administrative divisions of Wanshan Special Zone are gaolouping commune, Huangdao commune and Xinzhuang commune in Wanshan District of Yuping County, and aozhai commune in Yangtou District of Tongren County, which belongs to Tongren District of Guizhou Province". On May 1, the people's Committee of Wanshan Special Zone was established.
In November 2011, Chadian Town, Yutang Township and Daping township of Tongren City were included in Wanshan district.
In May 2013, the establishment of Chadian town in Wanshan district was abolished and Chadian street was set up.
In 2016, Tongren Municipal People's government officially approved the administrative division adjustment of Xieqiao street in Wanshan District, and agreed to separate Xieqiao street from Renshan street. Renshan street has jurisdiction over tangjiazhai community, Chuxi community and 20 Village (residents) groups of tabadong village in Xieqiao street, covering an area of 26.63 square kilometers. Renshan street is located in tangjiazhai community. Xieqiao Street governs 83 Village (resident) groups in Xieqiao community, Xieqiao central community, chongguangping community, Yaxi village, Shizhu village, longmen'ao village and wawuping village, with a land area of 77.06 square kilometers. Xieqiao Street's resident area remains unchanged.
In 2019, Dandu sub district office will be established. With a total area of 41.68 square kilometers, it has jurisdiction over tapadong community, qitun village, Dapo village and six relocation communities.
By 2019, Wanshan district has jurisdiction over Dandu street, Renshan street, Xieqiao street, Chadian street, Wanshan Town, Daping Dong Tujia Miao Township, Yutang Dong Miao Township, Huangdao Dong Township, gaolouping Dong Township, aozhai Dong Township and Xiaxi Dong Township, with a total of 4 streets, 1 town and 6 townships. The District People's government is located at 329 Chuxi Road, Xieqiao street.
Wanshan district is located between 109 ° 11 '- 109 ° 14' e and 27 ° 30 '- 27 ° 32' n, adjacent to Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County of Hunan Province in the southeast, Xinhuang Dong Autonomous County and Yuping Dong Autonomous County of Guizhou Province in the southwest, cengong County of Qiandongnan Prefecture in the West, Bijiang district and Jiangkou County of Tongren City in the north, with a total area of 842 square kilometers.
Geology and geomorphology
Wanshan district is dominated by karst landform, which integrates mountain, water, forest and cave. The whole terrain is low in the East and high in the west, with uplift in the middle. In the East, the mountains are undulating, the gullies are crisscross, the deep valleys are dense, and in the west, the hills are open and gentle. Most of the strata in the area are marine sediments with huge thickness. From east to west, Banxi group and Sinian system are exposed successively, and quaternary system is covered locally. It is located in the southeast of Fanjing Mountain, the main peak of Wuling mountains. The terrain is low in the East, high in the west, and uplifted in the middle. It slopes from the middle to the southeast. The altitude is below 600 meters in the north and Southeast, 700-800 meters in the West and 858 meters in the middle. The highest point of migong mountain is 1149.2 meters above sea level, and the lowest point is at the exit of Xiaxi River (Changtian Bay), 270 meters above sea level. Tectonically, Wanshan area belongs to the west margin fold belt of Jiangnan ancient land. The regional tectonic line is mainly NNE trending, and the location of the special zone is basically consistent with the Wanshan semi anticline. The strata in the area are distributed in NE and NNE zonal directions. From east to west, they are exposed successively from old to new: shangbanxi group, Sinian system and Cambrian system. The occurrence of the strata is generally 2350-3270 ∠ 80-100.
Wanshan district belongs to the subtropical monsoon humid climate, with annual average temperature of 13.7 degrees, annual extreme maximum temperature of 34.6 degrees and annual extreme minimum temperature of - 10.4 degrees. July is the hottest month with an average temperature of 24 degrees; January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 2.0 degrees; and the annual range is 22 degrees. The annual average precipitation is 1378.7 mm, the annual maximum precipitation is 1715 mm, the annual minimum precipitation is 954 mm, the annual average sunshine hours is 1263.7 hours, and the annual dominant wind direction is northeast wind. As a whole, it has four distinct seasons, warm in winter and cool in summer, long in winter and short in autumn, and abundant rainfall. The frost free period is longer. In spring, the temperature warms up late, in summer, there is summer drought and local flood; in autumn, the temperature drops quickly; in winter, it is wet and cold, with more fog and less sunshine.
The rivers in Wanshan district are all rain source rivers. There are four main rivers with annual runoff of 222 million cubic meters, and the river network density is 0.27 km per square kilometer. The watershed is southeast northwest
Chinese PinYin : Wan Shan
Ke Yisu. Ke Yi Hong
Liu Chuang. Liu Chuang
Yu Dazhi. Yu Da Zhi
Wang Yue. Wang Yue
Zheng Junhong. Zheng Jun4 Hong
Ji Xueping. Ji Xue Ping
Shi Wei. Shi Wei
Lin Jidong. Lin Ji Dong
Wu Kequn. Wu Ke Qun
Chen Weiya. Chen Wei Ya
Zhang Haidong. Zhang Hai Dong
Zhang Jian. Zhang Jian