Chahar Right Wing Front Banner belongs to Wulanchabu city of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, which is called Chayou Front Banner for short. Chahar is Mongolian, which means "Bian". Because it is located outside the border, it gets the name of the Mongolian tribe. The name of the banner comes from the name of the tribe. Chahar Right Wing Front Banner is located in the central part of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and the central and southern part of Ulanqab city. It is adjacent to Xinghe County in the East, Fengzhen City in the south, Zhuozi County in the west, Chahar Right Wing Middle Banner in the north and Wulanchabu city in the middle.
With a total area of 2440 square kilometers, the banner governs 5 towns, 4 townships and 120 administrative villages, with a total population of 254000, including 50000 in urban areas and 204000 in rural areas. There are about 8200 ethnic minorities, including Mongolian, Han, Hui, Manchu and Zhuang, accounting for 3.2% of the total population. The banner people's government is located in tuguiwula town.
In 2014, the GDP of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner reached 9.8 billion yuan. On March 4, 2020, the people's Government of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region agreed to withdraw Chahar right wing front banner from the sequence of poverty-stricken counties.
Evolution of organizational system
In the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, it was a nomadic land of Mongolian Chahar tribe.
During the reign of Tiancong in the Qing Dynasty, it was compiled as Chahar zhenghuang banner.
During the Republic of China, it was subordinate to Suiyuan province.
In 1948, the four banners of Suidong were liberated one after another, and the office of Suidong Mongolian Banner was established.
In 1949, a new zhenghuang banner was established, and its government was set up in the seal of Basumu (now bayintala township).
In 1950, the central flag was set up. It was red, yellow, red and blue. The United flag was formed and belonged to the central flag.
In 1954, it was formed on the basis of zhenghuang banner and named Chahar Right Wing Front Banner. The banner government also moved from Yinshang to Guancun (renamed tuguiwula in 1956).
In 1957, Jining county was abolished and changed into a city. Most of the areas originally belonging to Jining county were included in Chahar Right Wing Front Banner.
On February 24, 2020, Chahar Right Wing Front Banner has reached the exit standard of poverty-stricken counties, and will exit the sequence of poverty-stricken counties according to the procedure.
In 2009, Chahar Right Wing Front Banner governs 4 towns, 3 townships, 113 village committees and 8 communities. There are Pingdiquan Town, meiguiying Town, bayintala Town, Huangqihai Town, wulaha Town, huangmaoying town and Sanchakou town under the jurisdiction of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner.
Chahar Right Wing Front Banner is located in the central and southern part of Ulanqab City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is adjacent to Xinghe County in the East, Fengzhen City in the south, Zhuozi County in the west, Chahar Right Wing Middle Banner in the north and Wulanchabu city in the middle. The geographical coordinates are 112 ° 48 ′ - 113 ° 40 ′ E and 40 ° 41 ′ - 41 ° 13 ′ n. Tuguiwula Town, where the banner government is located, is 380 km away from Beijing in the East, 103 km from Datong in Shanxi in the south, 170 km from Hohhot in the West and 330 km from Erlianhot in the north. Chahar Right Wing Front Banner covers a total area of 2821 square kilometers.
The landform of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner is a basin, which belongs to shallow mountain and hilly area. There are many mountains in the East, West and south, with rolling hills and vast alluvial plain in the middle. The main mountains are shangqingshan, naobaoshan, huitengliang, pipalang, etc. Hilly area accounts for 51% of the total area; plain plain plain area accounts for 45%; desertification area of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner is 150000 mu, accounting for 3.6% of the total area. Chestnut soil, meadow soil and swamp soil are widely distributed in Chahar Right Wing Front Banner, while saline soil and chernozem are relatively small.
Chahar Right Wing Front Banner is cold and dry, windy and rainy, with large temperature difference between day and night. The climate belongs to the northern temperate continental arid climate. Winter lasts for five months, and the average annual temperature is 4.5 ° C. The highest temperature is 39.7 ° C. The lowest temperature was - 34.4 ° C. The annual precipitation is 376.1 mm, and most of them are from July to early August. The average annual frost free period is 131 days. The early frost usually appears around September 10, and the late frost (due to the different climate in the mountain and beach areas) occurs between March 23 and May 30. The wind direction is mostly westerly.
The rivers are divided into inland river, Huangqi sea water system and outer land river, DINGHE river system. The main inland river is Bawang river. Huangqi sea water is about 140000 mu, which is one of the eight lakes in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Huangqi sea is the largest lake in Chahar Right Wing Front Banner. It is about 20 ㎞ long from east to west and 9 ㎞ wide from north to south, covering an area of 110 square kilometers, accounting for 4% of the total area of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner.
Up to 2008, 18 kinds of mineral deposits have been found in chayouqianqi, and 9 kinds have been developed and utilized, mainly including mica, marble, silica sand, calcite, kaolin clay, lignite, pumice, quartz sand, etc.
The soil in youyouqianqi of Chahar belongs to the dark chestnut soil zone in the chestnut soil zone of semi-arid grassland.
The natural pasture of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner is 1.766 million mu. The available grassland is 1.3 million mu. The main types of grassland are: Mountain steppe grassland; hilly steppe grassland; low temperature meadow grassland. Most of them are excellent forages. The forest area is small and the coverage rate is low.
There are 139396 mu of woodland, 6571 mu of shrubbery and 189514 mu of young forest in Chahar Right Wing Front Banner. The forest land coverage rate was 3.79%. There are more than 40 kinds of wild Chinese herbal medicines, such as Codonopsis, astragalus, Huangling, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, yinchaihu, Yinchen, liquorice, etc.
In addition to Huangqi, the aquatic resources in the territory of Chahar right wing front banner are mainly produced in danaoerhai, xiaonaoerhai and quanyulin reservoir. There are Qinghai Huangyu, carp, crucian carp, grass carp and so on.
Up to 2008, the shallow water level in the right front banner of Chahar is about 2m-5m deep, mainly distributed around Huangqihai and Maliantan basin.
In 2010, the total population of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner was 160000.
There are Han, Mongolian, Hui, Manchu, Korean, Daur, Russian, Bai, Li, Xibe, Uygur, Zhuang, Ewenki, Olunchun and other nationalities living in Chahar right-wing Front Banner.
Secretary of the flag Committee: Yang Yin (Mongolian nationality)
Deputy Secretary of the flag Committee: Liu Feiming, Zhou Jianliang
Standing member of the flag Committee: Yang Yin (Mongolian), Liu Feiming, Zhou Jianliang, Wang Ping, Zhao Jianjun, Yan Fu, Zhao Longfei, Wang Qing, Gao Hongjin, Wang Yong, zodiac, Qingguo, He Fei
Website source: Chahar Right Wing Front Banner
In 2013, Chahar Right Wing Front Banner achieved a GDP of 9 billion yuan, an increase of 15.5%; fixed asset investment of 6.8 billion yuan (actually 9.2 billion yuan), an increase of 13.7%; fiscal revenue of 520 million yuan, an increase of 11.4%; industrial added value above designated scale of 5.05 billion yuan, an increase of 7.2%; total retail sales of social consumer goods of 1.23 billion yuan, an increase of 10.4%; per capita disposable income of urban residents The per capita net income of rural residents and farmers reached 19222 yuan and 6816 yuan respectively, an increase of 10.4% and 13%.
The main crops are wheat, naked oats, millet and potato, and the main economic crops are beet and flax.
In 2013, the new area of drip irrigation under plastic film in Chahar Right Wing Front Banner was 40000 mu, reaching 230000 mu in total; 1800 solar greenhouses and greenhouses were newly built, reaching 13420 in total; the planned construction of 50 square kilometers cold and cool vegetable industrial park was launched, and the high standard solar greenhouses in Shuiquan village of Bayin Town, with an average annual income of 35000 yuan, became a typical example of facility vegetable industry in the city. The annual total grain output reached 250 million jin, vegetable output reached 260 million Jin and sugar beet output reached 175000 tons
In 2013, Chahar Right Wing Front Banner built and expanded 35 large-scale pig, broiler, beef cattle, mutton sheep and dairy farms, supported the cultivation of a number of large-scale breeding typical farms, such as Pengcheng pig breeding farm, Chahar Dadi pig breeding farm with an annual population of 50000, Ruitian ecological livestock farm with an annual population of 2000 cows, and Fengye Youji breeding farm with an annual population of 1 million. In 2013, the total output of meat and fresh milk reached 45000 tons and 175000 tons respectively.
the secondary industry
In 2013, Chahar Right Wing Front Banner implemented 39 key industrial projects in 2013, including 21 new ones and 18 new ones. At present, 7 projects have been completed and put into operation, 9 main projects have been completed, and 4 new industrial enterprises above designated scale have been added. The new power load of Chahar Right Wing Front Banner was 380000 kW, with the peak of 600000 kW; 2400 new jobs were created, with a total of 5600.
the service sector; the tertiary industry
In 2013, Chahar Right Wing Front Banner implemented 18 business logistics projects, with a total investment of 12 billion yuan and completed investment of 3.2 billion yuan. Chahar auto trade city has completed a total investment of 2.3 billion yuan, and the road framework, supporting pipe network and other municipal infrastructure have been basically completed. The deposit balance of financial institutions in Chahar Right Wing Front Banner was 3.58 billion yuan, an increase of 6%; the loan balance was 1.83 billion yuan, an increase of 23%.
G6 (Danla) and G55 (ER Guang) expressways, national highways 110 and 208, Zhunxing coal transportation line under construction, Jizhang, Jitong, Ji'er, fengzhun and the proposed Beijing Huzhou high speed railway pass through the area.
Science, education, culture and health
By the end of 2007, Chahar right wing front banner had 3760 professional and technical personnel of all kinds, and the annual expenditure on science and technology was 1.81 million yuan.
At the end of 2007, there were 7 middle schools with 6798 students and 64 primary schools with 12791 students. The enrollment rate of junior and senior high schools is 100%, and that of school-age children is 100%.
By the end of 2007, it had one art group, one cultural center, one cultural management office and one library, and two TV turntables, which further expanded the coverage of program ratings.
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Chahar Right Wing Front Banner, Wulanchabu City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
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