Xihe County Xihe county belongs to Longnan City, Gansu Province. It is located in the southeast of Gansu Province and the north end of Longnan City. It is named after Xihe Prefecture in ancient times. In the Western Han Dynasty, Wudu County was set up in Luoyu (now Luoyu town). In the Jin Dynasty, it was called Qiuchi state. In the Northern Wei Dynasty, southern Qinzhou was set up in Luoyu. In the Western Wei Dynasty, it was changed into a state. After many changes, minzhou was changed into Xihe state in the Southern Song Dynasty. In the Hongwu Period of Ming Dynasty, Xihe state was reduced to a county. Xihe County governs 16 towns and 4 townships, covering an area of 1861 square kilometers, with a total population of 437633 (2015).
Xihe county is located in the south of the West Qinling Mountains and the upper reaches of the Western Han River in the Jialing River system of the Yangtze River Basin. It has a warm temperate semi humid climate with four distinct seasons. Xihe county is known as "baby's Restoration Zone". Its natural resources mainly include mineral resources represented by antimony and lead-zinc mines and plant resources represented by Pinellia ternata and Zanthoxylum bungeanum. It has been rated as "the hometown of Pinellia ternata" and "the hometown of Chinese Qiqiao culture". There are sunset lake, Qiuchi mountain, Fuxi cliff and other tourist attractions.
On September 25, 2018, it won the honorary title of "2018 e-commerce into rural comprehensive demonstration county" of the Ministry of Commerce. On the morning of November 21, 2020, the Information Office of Gansu provincial government held a press conference to announce Xihe county's withdrawal from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
Evolution of organizational system
The origin of the name
According to the unified annals of Yuan Dynasty, He county was named after the peace talks between Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty. Because of the same name with Hexian County in Anhui Province, the word "Jiaxi" was used.
According to the archaeological findings of ningjiazhuang site, human life existed in Xihe during the Neolithic period 7000 years ago. Ningjiazhuang site is also the earliest human site in Longnan, which belongs to Yangshao culture.
In the pre Qin period, the northern part of Xihe county was the activity area of the Qin people, which was successively under the jurisdiction of Xiqiu, xichui and Xixian County, where the Qin people raised horses and made their fortune; the southern part of Xihe county was inhabited by Diqiang people.
During the Qin and Han Dynasties, the North was under the jurisdiction of Xi county, and the South was under the jurisdiction of Wudu County.
At the end of Han Dynasty, baimadi people reunited in Qiuchi.
During the period of Wei, Jin and southern and Northern Dynasties, baimadi people established the local regime of "Qiu Chi state" with Qiu Chi mountain as the center, which lasted for 358 years, and the administrative divisions also changed due to the frequent wars.
In the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Changdao County was set up in the north, belonging to Qinzhou, and Shanglu and Hanlu counties were set up in the south, belonging to Chengzhou.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Changdao County was established and changed to minzhou.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, Guanlong area was the front of the fierce battle between Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty. In 1139, the Southern Song Dynasty court was forced to move minzhou to Baishi Town, Changdao County. In 1142, the song and Jin Dynasties discussed peace. Because the word "Min" in minzhou violated the name taboo of Wan Yanmin, the emperor Taizu of Jin Dynasty, the original name of Hezheng county (minzhou) was changed to Hezhou. Later, because there was a Hezhou in Huaixi (now Hexian County in Anhui Province), the word "Hezhou" was preceded by the word "Xi" to distinguish it, so it was named xihezhou. Since then, the political situation has gone through changes, but the name of Xihe is still used.
In the tenth year of Hongwu (1377), the state was changed into a county and was transferred to the present city; in the ninth year of Chongzhen (1636), Shangcheng (Shangping village, Xiyu township) was transferred to the present city due to the disaster of war.
In the Qing Dynasty, in 1648, the government of gongchang in Zhili was established. In 1704, Nancheng was expanded and the present city was transferred.
In the Republic of China, gongchangjie road was changed to Longnan Road, governing Xihe and other counties, and Weizhou road was changed to govern Tianshui; in 1927, the system of Daoism was abolished, and Xihe belonged to Tianshui district. Before liberation, parts of Xihe and Lixian were divided into different regions.
After liberation, Xihe first belonged to Wudu District, and then to Tianshui District in 1956. In September 1958, Xihe and Lixian were merged into Xili county. In 1961, the former Xihe system was restored. In 1985, it was changed to Longnan area, which is now Longnan City.
In 2004, Daliu, Zhaowu, Hekou and Xiji townships were abolished. After the adjustment, Xihe county has jurisdiction over 6 towns and 14 townships. By the end of 2008, Xihe county had a total area of 1856.3 square kilometers. The rural population is 76400 households and 372400 people. It has jurisdiction over 6 towns, 14 townships, 384 administrative villages and 1757 villager groups. In 2014, Hanyuan Town, Changdao town and Heba town were listed as national key towns. In the same year, Mayuan Township, Daqiao Township and Xiyu Township were abolished, and Mayuan Town, Daqiao town and Xiyu town were established. In September 2016, Shili Township, Shibao Township and Xinglong Township were abolished and Shili Town, Shibao town and Xinglong town were established. In March 2018, Suhe Township, Shaoyu Township, Luhe Township and xigaoshan Township were abolished and Suhe Town, Shaoyu Town, Luhe town and xigaoshan town were established.
On the morning of November 21, 2020, the Information Office of Gansu provincial government held a press conference to announce Xihe county's withdrawal from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
As of March 2018, Xihe county has 16 towns and 4 townships
Towns: Hanyuan Town, Changdao Town, Heba Town, Jiangxi town, Shixia Town, Luoyu Town, Mayuan Town, Daqiao Town, Xiyu Town, Shili Town, Shibao Town, Xinglong Town, Suhe Town, Shaoyu Town, Luhe Town, xigaoshan town.
Township: shaijing Township, Haolin Township, taishihe Township, Liuxiang township.
Xihe county is located in the southeast of Gansu Province, the north of Longnan City, and the south of the West Qinling Mountains. It is the upper reaches of the Xihan River in the Yangtze River Basin. It borders Huixian and Chengxian in the East, Wudu and Kangxian in the south, Lixian in the northwest, Lixian and Tianshui Qinzhou in the northeast. It covers an area of 1861 square kilometers.
Xihe county is located in the south of the West Qinling Mountains, in the upper reaches of the Western Han River system of Jialing River in the Yangtze River Basin. The terrain inclines from northwest to Southeast. In the northwest, it belongs to Liangmao gully area, with gentle undulation and fertile soil. In the southeast, it belongs to lingnanshan forest area, with overlapping peaks and steep mountains. The average altitude is 1692 meters.
Humid climate, four distinct seasons, a warm temperate semi humid climate. The annual average temperature is 8.4 ℃, the average frost free period is 183 days, the average sunshine period is 1842 hours, and the average annual precipitation is 533 mm.
In Xihe County, there are Xihanshui River, Yangshui River, etc., and there are 8 large and small rivers, with an annual runoff of 1.2 billion cubic meters.
Xihe county is mainly located in the upper reaches of the Xihan River in the Jialing River system of the Yangtze River Basin. There are eight rivers, large and small, with groundwater resources of about 100 million cubic meters.
Xihe county has lead, zinc, antimony, copper, iron, gold, silver, marble, limestone, crystal stone, sulfur, oil shale and other metallic and non-metallic minerals. As of 2008, the proven reserves of lead-zinc deposits are 33.5 million tons, and the metal amount is 2.64 million tons, which is the West Extension of Xicheng lead-zinc ore belt, the second largest lead-zinc ore belt in China. The proven reserves of antimony deposits are 5.2 million tons, and the metal amount is 150000 tons Gold resources spread throughout the county.
There are more than 1000 kinds of trees in subtropical, temperate and frigid zones in Xihe county. As of 2008, Xihe county has a forest coverage rate of 41%, covering an area of 11 million mu; the main crops are wheat, corn, potato and buckwheat; the cash crops are Baiyun bean, flax and rapeseed; more than 1000 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials are Pinellia ternata, Hedysari, Codonopsis, rhubarb, angelica, bupleurum and Fritillaria; the planting area is 54000 mu; the edible and medicinal fungi such as Osmunda japonica, Pteridium aquilinum, mulongtou and Shanzhen are the main ones There are more than 100 kinds of wild vegetables.
Xihe county has more than 300 kinds of wild animals including giant salamander (salamander), red bellied Caragana and other national first-class protected animals.
According to the fifth census in 2000, the total resident population of Xihe county is 365662.
At the end of 2014, Xihe county had a total population of 428400, with a birth rate of 13.08 ‰, a mortality rate of 6.81 ‰, and a natural population growth rate of 6.27 ‰. The permanent resident population is 4213000, of which the urban population is 99000, and the urbanization rate is 25.26%.
Xihe county has Han, Hui, Li, Tu, Bai, Miao, Qiang, Manchu, Korean, Tibetan, Uygur, Mongolian, Oroqen, Russian, Xibo, Hani, Dong and Buyi nationalities.
In 2010, Xihe county's GDP was 1.65 billion yuan, an increase of 13.3% over 2009. The added value of the primary industry was 435 million yuan, an increase of 7.5% over 2009; the added value of the secondary industry was 420 million yuan, an increase of 12.5% over 2009; the added value of the tertiary industry was 795 million yuan, an increase of 16.4% over 2009. The per capita GDP of Xihe county is 4308 yuan, 668 yuan more than that of 2009. The added value of primary, secondary and tertiary industries accounted for 26.4:25.5:48.1 of GDP.
In 2011, Xihe county's GDP was 1.912 billion yuan, and its large-scale fiscal revenue was 186 million yuan. 1、 The second and third industrial structure is 26.36:25.46:48.18.
In 2012, Xihe county's GDP was 2.356 billion yuan, an increase of 14% compared with 2011; fixed asset investment was 5.003 billion yuan, an increase of 46.5% compared with 2011; large caliber fiscal revenue was 261 million yuan, an increase of 23.8% compared with 2011; the added value of industries above Designated Size was 382 million yuan, an increase of 20.88% compared with 2011; the total retail sales of social consumer goods was 487 million yuan, an increase of 18.3% compared with 2011; per capita disposable income of urban residents The distribution income was 13856 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15%; the per capita net income of farmers reached 3400 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 41.3%.
In 2013, the total GDP of Xihe county was 2.727 billion yuan, an increase of 14.6% over 2012, of which the added value of the primary industry was 600 million yuan, an increase of 6.5% over 2012, and the added value of the secondary industry was 619 million yuan, an increase of 14.6% over 2012
Chinese PinYin : Gan Su Sheng Long Nan Shi Xi He Xian
Release Time:2021-03-06 13:34:14
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