Huachi County is subordinate to Qingyang City, Gansu Province. It is located in the east of Gansu Province and the northeast of Qingyang City. It borders Zhidan, Wuqi and Dingbian in Shaanxi Province in the northeast, and Huanxian, Qingcheng and Heshui in the southwest. It is located between 107 ° 29 '- 108 ° 33'e and 36 ° 07' - 36 ° 51'n. It has jurisdiction over 4 towns and 11 townships, with a total land area of 3776 square kilometers and a total population of 138000 (permanent resident population in 2016). In 2013, the GDP of Huachi County reached 9.2 billion yuan.
Huachi County has been awarded "National Science and technology progress county", "national advanced county of Surveying and mapping management", "provincial model county of double support", "provincial model county of greening", "provincial civilized county" and "provincial health county".
In December 2016, it was listed as the third batch of national new urbanization comprehensive pilot areas. In March 2019, it was listed as the first batch of revolutionary cultural relics protection and utilization area sub County list. On February 28, 2020, the people's Government of Gansu Province agreed to withdraw Huachi County from poverty-stricken counties.
In summer, it belongs to Yongzhou and Beichen. In Shang Dynasty, it belonged to yiqurong state. During the western and Eastern Zhou dynasties, it belonged to the state of yiqurong. In Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Yiqu county. In the Western Han Dynasty, it belongs to the History Department of Shuofang. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, it belongs to the Department of history of Liangzhou. The Three Kingdoms, the Western Jin Dynasty and the Eastern Jin Dynasty belong to XiuTu Hu. During the northern and Southern Dynasties, the Northern Wei belonged to Chenzhou, while the Western Wei belonged to Weizhou and Shuozhou. Northern Zhou belongs to ningzhou. In Sui Dynasty, it belonged to Honghua county. In the Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Qingzhou. After the Five Dynasties, Liang belonged to Wujing military route, and later Tang, later Jin, later Han and later Zhou belonged to Yongxing military route. In Song Dynasty, it belonged to luqingzhou (960-1041), Huanqing road Qingzhou (1041-1125) and Qingyang prefecture (1125-1140). In the Jin Dynasty, it belonged to Qingyuan Road. In Yuan Dynasty, it belonged to gongchang Prefecture, Shaanxi Province. In the Ming Dynasty, it belonged to Qingyang Prefecture of Shaanxi Province, and in 1376-1644, it belonged to Qingyang Prefecture of Shaanxi Province. In the Qing Dynasty, it belonged to Qingyang Prefecture of Shaanxi Province. from 1912 to 1927, it belonged to Longdong road of Gansu Province, and from 1927 to 1934, it belonged to Jingyuan administrative region of Gansu Province. From November 1934 to November 1935, it belonged to the Soviet government of Shaanxi Gansu border region; from November 1935 to May 1936, it belonged to the Soviet government of Shaanxi Gansu Province; from May 1936 to September 1937, it belonged to the Soviet government of Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia Province; and from September 1937 to September 1937, it belonged to the Soviet government of Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia Province~ In August of the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), it belonged to the Qinghuan division of the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region government, and from August of the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940) to September of the 38th year of the Republic of China (1949), it belonged to the Longdong division of the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region government. From August 1949 to September 1949, it belongs to Qingyang District of Gansu Province. from October 1949 to April 1951, it belongs to Qingyang District of Gansu Province. From April 1951 to February 1955, it belongs to Qingyang District of Gansu Provincial People's government. From February 1955 to October 1955, it belonged to Qingyang Commissioner's office of Gansu Province. From October 1955 to April 1958, it belonged to Pingliang Commissioner's office of Gansu Province. from April 1958 to December 1961, it belonged to Qingyang County, Qingyang Commissioner's office of Gansu Province. From January 1962 to April 1968, it belongs to Qingyang District of Gansu Province. from April 1968 to October 1969, he belonged to Qingyang Revolutionary Committee of Gansu Province. from October 1969 to December 1978, it belonged to Qingyang Revolutionary Committee of Gansu Province. from December 1978 to December 2000, it belongs to Qingyang area of Gansu Province.
As of 2014, Huachi County has four towns: ruoyuan Town, Yuele Town, Yuancheng town and Nanliang Town, and 11 townships: qiaochuan Township, Wujiao Township, Huai'an Township, Baima Township, wangzuizi Township, shangliyuan Township, Chenghao Township, Qiaohe Township, zifangpan Township, Shanzhuang Township and Linzhen township.
Huachi County is located in the east of Gansu Province, bordering Zhidan, Wuqi and Dingbian in the northeast, Qingcheng, Huanxian and Heshui in the southwest. It is located between 107 ° 29 '- 108 ° 33'e and 36 ° 07' - 36 ° 51'n. The total land area is 3776 square kilometers (2014).
Huachi County is located in the hilly and gully region of the Loess Plateau, with mountains, rivers and plateaus, and alternate ridges, gullies and hills. Huachi County is 1100-1780 meters above sea level.
Huachi County has a continental climate. It often blows northwest wind in winter, southeast wind in summer, cold in winter, hot and rainy in summer. The annual precipitation is 380-510mm, and the average temperature is 7.8 ℃. The frost free period is 140-180 days. The annual sunshine is 2213.4 ~ 2540.4 hours, the total solar radiation is 125 ~ 145 kcal / m2, and the average evaporation on the ground is 520 mm, which is generally characterized by drought, mild and rich light.
There are four main rivers in Huachi County, yuanchengchuan River, rouyuanchuan River, chenghaochuan River and erjiangchuan River, with a total annual runoff of more than 4 million cubic meters.
The mineral resources of Huachi County mainly include petroleum, sand and stone for construction, clay for brick and tile, etc. The developed and utilized mineral resources are mainly petroleum, followed by clay for brick and tile. As of 2011, Huachi County has proven oil storage area of 2200 square kilometers and reserves of more than 60 million tons.
By the end of 2009, the total land area of Huachi County was 379095.43 hectares, including 371311.56 hectares of agricultural land, accounting for 97.95% of the total land area of Huachi County; 6564.84 hectares of construction land, accounting for 1.73% of the total land area of Huachi County; 1219.03 hectares of other land, accounting for 0.32% of the total land area of Huachi County.
By the end of 2013, the total number of registered residence households in Huachi County was 43140, of which 16914 were in town and 26226 in rural areas. The registered residence population is 133700, of which 19331 are urban household accounts, 14.5% of the total population, 114369 rural households, and 85.5% of the total population. There are 71422 males, accounting for 53.4% of the total population, and 62278 females, accounting for 46.6% of the total population. There are 26260 people aged 0-18, accounting for 19.6% of the total population; 41610 people aged 18-35, accounting for 31.1% of the total population; 48740 people aged 35-60, accounting for 36.5% of the total population; and 17090 people aged over 60, accounting for 12.8% of the total population. In 2013, 1463 people were born, the birth rate was 11.22 ‰, 684 people died, the death rate was 5.25 ‰, and the natural population growth rate was 5.97 ‰. The urbanization rate was 28.6%.
There are 13 ethnic groups in Huachi County, including Han, Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Zhuang, Manchu, Dong, Tujia, Yi, Buyi and Korean.
As of 2006, Huachi County has reconstructed four 81.4km county and township highways, including Yuele shangliyuan, maogoumen shangliyuan, Wujiao Baima and Rouyuan Miaoxiang. Among them, 54.77 km of grade III sand roads and 26.63 km of grade IV sand roads were reconstructed. At the same time, 64.8 km of Yuele qiaochuan asphalt road covering was completed; 1.3 km of asphalt road in Shuangta Forest Park was newly built; 4.3 km of road construction in Xinbao grass and livestock Park was completed; 13 bridges with a length of 400 m, 222 culverts with a length of 2088.8 m were newly built; 320 km of rural roads were newly modified, with a total investment of 43.5565 million yuan. The total mileage of roads above township level in Huachi County is 440.43 km, including 1 provincial road of 57 km, 3 county roads of 170.65 km and 10 township roads of 212.78 km. Among the county and township roads, 141.6 km are oil roads, 114.1 km are sand roads and 127.73 km are dirt roads. The total mileage of rural roads is 865.9 km, including 74 rural roads above grade II and 395.8 km. The highway density of Huachi County is 11.9 kilometers per 100 square kilometers, which is 2.3% higher than the average highway density of the whole province. In Huachi County, there are 9, 16 and 37 administrative villages with road access depth, oil road access, road access towns and grade road access respectively increased from 2000 to 12, 19 and 72, accounting for 63.2%, 100% and 63.1% of the total number of towns and administrative villages respectively. by the end of 2013, the total mileage of roads in Huachi County has reached 1262.1 km, an increase of 2.9% over 2012, including 579.272 km of oil roads (139.8 km newly built), 450.35 km of gravel roads, 42.27 km of cement roads, 133.74 km of other roads, and 60.41 km of newly built roads above class II, with a traffic rate of 90%. By the end of 2013, the car ownership reached 1500, including 1026 operating vehicles (198 taxis, 76 buses, 20 buses, 709 trucks, 12 village links, 31 special lines), and 474 non operating vehicles. 483 newly registered cars, down 13.0% from 2012. There are 108 villages with asphalt (cement) roads, accounting for the total number of villages in Huachi County
Chinese PinYin : Gan Su Sheng Qing Yang Shi Hua Chi Xian
Huachi County, Qingyang City, Gansu Province
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