Beihu District Beihu District, belonging to Chenzhou City, Hunan Province, is located in the south of Hunan Province, the middle of Chenzhou City, the middle of Nanling, the north foot of Qitianling, the northeast of Suxian District, the south of Yizhang County and Linwu County, and the west of Guiyang County, with a total area of 830.15 square kilometers.
Beihu district is the graphite capital of China, a model unit of national unity and progress, and one of the top ten counties in Hunan Province. The territory is rich in tourism resources. The national AAAA scenic spot has Longnv scenic spot, the provincial scenic spot has wanhuayan, and the provincial cultural relics protection unit has Yidi mausoleum and the former residence of Deng Hua.
By the end of 2018, Beihu district has 10 streets, 2 towns and 2 townships, with a total population of 407600, realizing a GDP of 42.2 billion yuan, including 1.1 billion yuan in the primary industry, 11.81 billion yuan in the secondary industry and 29.3 billion yuan in the tertiary industry. The tertiary industrial structure is 2.6:28.0:69.4. According to the permanent population, the per capita GDP is 97020 yuan, which is calculated in US dollars The GDP per capita is 14107 US dollars. On January 29, 2021, it was selected into the list of areas with remarkable achievements in real work in 2020 announced by Hunan Provincial People's government.
The origin of place names
It is named because there is a North Lake with an area of 12.5 hectares in the urban area.
History of construction
Yingzheng 26 years (221 BC) began to set up Chen County, Changsha County. The territory of the district is Chen county (the same as before the establishment of Chenzhou City in November 1959, and then part of it belongs to Chen county and part of it belongs to Chenzhou City until March 1995).
The Western Han Dynasty
In the fifth year of Gaozu (202 BC), the southern counties of Changsha County set up Jingzhou and Guiyang County, and the county seat of Chen county was set up.
In the first year of the founding of the people's Republic of China (9 years), Guiyang County was changed into Nanping County, and the county government moved to nanpingting (now Leiyang City). Chen county changed its name to Xuanfeng county.
Eastern Han Dynasty
In the 35th year of the reign of Emperor Guangwu, Nanping County was renamed Guiyang County, and the county government moved back to Chencheng. Xuanfeng county is called Chen county again.
Chen county is subordinate to the state of Wu, Jingzhou and Guiyang County.
Chen county is subordinate to Guiyang County of Xiangzhou.
The southern and Northern Dynasties
In 507, Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty changed Guiyang County to Chenzhou. Later, it was called Guiyang County. Chen county is subordinate to Guiyang County of Hengzhou.
In 589, Emperor Wen changed Guiyang County to Chenzhou. In 607, Chenzhou was renamed Guiyang County. In 616, Guiyang County was changed to Chenzhou. In the 13th year of Daye, Chenzhou was changed into Guiyang County. Chen county is under the jurisdiction of Guiyang County.
In 622, Guiyang County was changed to Chenzhou. Wude seven years, again known as Guiyang County. In 734, it was changed to Chenzhou. Xuanzong Tianbao first year (742), also known as Guiyang County. In the first year of Qianyuan reign of suzong (758), it was changed to Chenzhou, and the governor moved to pingyangting. In the 15th year of Yuanhe reign of Xianzong (820), the governor moved back to Chencheng. In 904, Chenzhou was changed into Guiyang County.
In the first year of Kaiping (907), Taizu of the Later Liang Dynasty changed Guiyang County of Chenzhou into Chenzhou. In 936, Chenzhou was changed to dunzhou and CHENXIAN to Dunhua. In the third year of Qianyou (950), Emperor Yin of the later Han Dynasty, Chenzhou and CHENXIAN were restored. Chen county is subordinate to Chenzhou.
In the first year of Qiande (963), Emperor Taizu of the Northern Song Dynasty, Chenzhou was changed into Chenzhou army. Chen county is under the jurisdiction of Chenzhou army, Hunan Road, Jing County.
In 1276, the army of Chenzhou was changed to Chenzhou, and CHENXIAN county was renamed Chenyang county. In the 14th year of Zhiyuan, Chenzhou was changed into Chenzhou road.
In 1368, Taizu changed Chenzhou road to Chenzhou Prefecture. In the ninth year of Hongwu, it was changed into Chenzhou Zhili Prefecture, subordinate to Huguang province. Chenyang county was abolished, and the county was directly under the jurisdiction of the prefecture. In Ming Dynasty, Chen county was called "in the city".
Chenzhou Zhili Prefecture belongs to Hunan Hengyong Chengui road.
Republic of China
In September 1913, Chenzhou was abolished as Zhili Prefecture, and CHENXIAN county was set up directly under the central government of Chenzhou, which was under the jurisdiction of Hengyong Chengui road. County "in the city" to "in the city". In 1914, Chen county was attached to Hengyang road. In 1922, the system of Taoism was abolished in Hunan Province. In February 1930, Chencheng became the first autonomous region. In December 1938, the eighth supervision district of Hunan Province was established to govern Chen county. In the same year, the first autonomous region was changed to "in the town". In April 1940, the eighth district was changed to the third district to govern "in town". In November 1945, it was changed into Shengping town.
The People's Republic of China
On October 7, 1949, Chen county was liberated and managed by Hengyang district. In November, Chen county was subordinate to the special district of Chen County, and Shengping town was changed into Chengguan District. In 1950, Chen county was subordinate to Chenzhou District, and Chengguan District was changed into the first district of Chen county. In 1952, Chen county was subordinate to Hunan administrative region, and the first district was restored to Chengguan District. In April 1953, Chengguan District was changed into Chengguan town. In July 1954, Chen county was subordinate to Chen County special district. In August 1958, Chengguan town was changed into Chenzhou City, CHENXIAN county. On November 7, 1959, Chenzhou City, Hunan Province, was established under the jurisdiction of CHENXIAN county. In July 1960, Chenzhou City was subordinate to Chenzhou district. In May 1963, Chenzhou City was changed into Chenzhou Town, CHENXIAN County, which is still a county-level system. In March 1967, Chenzhou town of CHENXIAN county was subordinate to Chenzhou area. In December 1977, Chenzhou City of Hunan Province was restored. In April 1995, Chenzhou Prefecture was abolished and Chenzhou City at prefecture level was established; Chenzhou City at county level was abolished and Beihu district at county level was established, which is subordinate to Chenzhou City in Hunan Province.
The Republic of China
In 1922, Chen county was directly under the provincial government. In February 1930, Chencheng became the first autonomous region. In 1938, the eighth supervision district of Hunan Province was established to govern Chen county. In the same year, the first autonomous region was changed to "in town". In April 1940, the eighth district was changed to the third district to govern "in town". In November 1945, Zaicheng was changed into Shengping town.
In October 1949, Chen county was entrusted by Hengyang district. In November, Chen county was subordinate to the special district of Chen County, and Shengping town was changed into Chengguan town.
In August 1958, Chengguan town was changed into Chen county and Chenzhou City (county-level city).
In November 1959, Chenzhou City, Hunan Province, was established, with jurisdiction over three rural people's communes in the suburbs, Banqiao and Matouling of the former CHENXIAN County, and six residents' committees in the urban area.
In July 1960, Chenzhou City was subordinate to Chenzhou district. In May 1963, it was changed into Chenzhou Town, CHENXIAN County, which is still under the county-level system. It has jurisdiction over Wuling, Beihu, Xujiadong three streets and Chenjiang people's commune. In May 1965, CHENXIAN suburb and Xujiadong people's commune were divided into Chenzhou Town, which were merged with Chenjiang people's Commune and Xujiadong Street respectively and renamed as suburb and Xujiadong people's commune.
In December 1977, Chenzhou City was restored. In March 1978, suburban people's communes were divided into suburban and Chenjiang people's communes. In December, Wuling and Beihu streets were abolished, and Nanta District, Hongwei District, Beihu District, and Xujiadong district were set up at the level of commune.
In November 1980, Nanta, Hongwei, Beihu and Xujiadong districts were changed into streets.
In March 1982, Hongwei street was renamed Renmin Road street.
In April 1983, Xujiadong street and Xujiadong people's commune merged into Xujiadong town. Beihu street was divided into Beihu street and xiameiqiao street, and Suxian street was newly established.
In April 1984, Anhe people's commune of CHENXIAN county was incorporated into Chenzhou City. In the same year, all communes were transformed into townships. By November 1994, the city had jurisdiction over Renmin Road, Beihu, xiameiqiao, Nanta and Suxianling, Xujiadong town and Chenjiang, suburban and Anhe townships.
In December 1994, Chenzhou district was abolished and prefecture level Chenzhou City was established. Chenzhou City and CHENXIAN county were changed into Beihu district and Suxian District respectively. Renmin Road, Beihu street and xiameiqiao street of Chenzhou City and three townships of Chenjiang, Chengjiao, Anhe, Huatang town and Lutang town of CHENXIAN county and nine townships of Xiaoxi, Nanxi, Yongchun, Jiangkou, Furong, Yuefeng, Datang, Baohe and Tonghe were changed into three districts Two streets, two towns and 12 townships are under the jurisdiction of Beihu district.
In January 1996, Xiaoxi township was transformed into shigaitang Town, and Yanquan street was set up in the urban area.
In December 2000, Anhe township was transformed into wanhuayan town.
In July 2001, Chenjiang township was changed into Chenjiang town.
In April 2012, Nanxi Township and Lutang town were merged to establish Lutang town; Tonghe Township and Huatang town were merged to establish Huatang town; Jiangkou Township and shigaitang town were merged to establish shigaitang town; Chenjiang and wanhuayan towns and Baohe and suburban towns were abolished to establish Chenjiang, Luoxian and Zengfu streets and Baohe town.
In July 2015, Beihu District governs Luoxian, xiameiqiao, Beihu, Renmin Road, Yanquan, Chenjiang, Zengfu, Yongquan 8 streets, shigaitang, Baohe, Huatang, Lutang 4 towns, Furong, Yongchun, Yuefeng, Datang 4 townships, a total of 16 township administrative districts, 63 communities and 128 villages.
In November 2015, according to the adjustment plan of Beihu District Township Division: Furong Township, Yongchun Township, Datang Yao Township formed a system, and yangtianhu Yao township was established. Shigaitang Town, Baohe Town, Yuefeng Yao Township and Zengfu street were abolished, and Baohe Yao Township and Zengfu street were newly established. All the administrative areas of yuanyuefeng Yao nationality township were merged with Baohe, Huayuan, Xiaobu, Xinhua, Dalu, taibaidong, songjiadong, Changping, chengmaping, Dingshang 10 villages and Baohe community in the former Baohe Town, and Baohe community was established
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