Ningdu County of Ningdu County, which is located in the southeast of Jiangxi and Ganzhou, is located in Ganzhou, Ganzhou. It has a total area of 4053 square kilometers, and at the end of 2019, the registered residence population was 846165, with 12 townships and 12 towns. It is the core County of the former Central Soviet Area, the key county of the national poverty alleviation and development work, the extension County of the western development policy, and the extremely poor area county of Luoxiao mountains.
Ningdu has a long history. It is the early residence and distribution center of the ancestors of the Central Plains who moved to the south. It is an important birthplace of the Hakka people in Jiangxi, Fujian and Guangdong. It is a pure Hakka county and is known as the Hakka Ancestral place. Ningdu has a rich cultural heritage, with the emergence of Wei Xi, a famous essayist in the Qing Dynasty and Luo mu, the ancestor of Jiangxi landscape painting in the Qing Dynasty. From the Song Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, there were 132 Jinshi in Zhongbang, including 2 number one scholars and 1 Tanhua, ranking the first in southern Jiangxi, known as the country of literature and poetry; Ningdu was the hot land of revolution, the political and military center in the early period of the Central Soviet Area, the command center, main battlefield and gonggu rear of the five anti "encirclement and suppression" wars in the Central Soviet area. The "Ningdu uprising" which shocked China and foreign countries broke out, and the establishment of the international division of the major Communist Party, known as the "Ningdu uprising" Ningdu is the cradle of the Soviet Area; Ningdu is rich in resources, with more than 800000 mu of arable land, an annual output of more than 800 million jin of grain, accounting for one fifth of the total output of Gannan; Ningdu is one of the first batch of national commodity grain base counties, known as the granary of Gannan; Ningdu has beautiful ecology, and Meijiang river, the main river in the county, is the longest and largest tributary of Ganjiang River Basin, with 592.02 square kilometers of land area included in Ganjiang River source protection zone Return to the source of Ganjiang River.
In 2019, Ningdu county's GDP will reach 20.914 billion yuan, an increase of 8.5%.
Archaeological data show that in the late primitive society, Ningdu had been inhabited by human beings.
The spring and Autumn period belongs to Wu state, and the early Warring States period belongs to Yue State. After Chu destroyed Yue, the whole territory belonged to Chu.
After the unification of the Qin Dynasty, the first emperor divided the country into 36 counties in the 26th year (221 BC). Ningdu county is located in the south of Jiujiang county.
The Western Han Dynasty belongs to Yuzhang county. Yudu county was set up in the sixth year of Gaozu (201 BC), and Ningdu was the land of Yudu county.
In the fifth year of Jian'an (200 years), sun CE analyzed that Luling and other counties belonged to Luling County, and Yudu belonged to it.
In the fifth year of Wu Jiahe (236), Sun Quan set up an administrative unit in Ningdu for the first time. It was under the jurisdiction of Duwei in the south of Luling County, and then it was changed to Jieyang.
In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), the capital of Yang was changed to the capital of Ning (because there was taipingli in the territory, it was named as the capital of Ning with the meaning of peace). This is the beginning of the name of Ningdu county. The county was moved to yangtianying (now wangtianying village, Shishang town).
In 282 of the third year of Taikang, Nanbu Duwei was changed to Nankang county.
In the fifth year of Yonghe in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (349), Nankang county was transferred to Ganzhou. Ningdu is subordinate to it.
In the first year of song Yongchu (420), Nankang county was changed into Nankang state. Ningdu is subordinate to it.
In the fifth year of the Ming Dynasty (461), qianhuatun (now Dabu village, dongshanba town) in Ningdu was set up in QIANHUA county (according to the old records: there are stones in the west of the county like tigers, which are said to have changed from tigers to stones. The tiger was a fierce object and changed to Qian, so it was named Qian Hua. The county got the name of the village from this and belonged to the state of Nankang.
In the first year of Qi Yongming (483), Nankang state was restored to Nankang county. Ningdu and Qianhua belong to Nankang county.
Sui kaihuang nine years (589) out of Chen, Nankang county to Qianzhou. Qianhua was incorporated into Ningdu and subordinate to Qianzhou.
In the 13th year of kaihuang, piyang county (now the west of Shicheng County) was merged into Ningdu county.
Kaihuang eighteen years (598), change Ningdu for Qianhua County, subordinate as before. The county was moved to xuezhuping (now Meijiang town).
In the fifth year of Wude of Tang Dynasty (622), Qianhua belonged to Qianzhou, the general manager of Hongzhou.
In the first year of Zhenguan (627), the world was divided into ten branches. Qianhua belongs to Daoqian state in the south of the Yangtze River.
In the 21st year of Kaiyuan (733), Jiangnan was divided into East and West roads. Qianhua belongs to Qianzhou in the west of Jiangnan.
In the sixth year of Yuanhe (811), Qianzhou was promoted to Shangzhou and Qianhua to Shangxian.
In the seventh year of Xiantong (866), Qianzhou was promoted to Jiezhen, named Baisheng army. It's a religion.
In the 11th year of Baoda in the Southern Tang Dynasty (953), Shicheng County was set up as the site of Shicheng.
In the third year of the reign of the Song Dynasty (997), the world was divided into fifteen roads. Qianhua belongs to Qianzhou in Jiangnan.
In the fourth year of Tianxi (1020), Jiangnan Road was divided into East Road and West Road. Qianhua belongs to Qianzhou in Jiangnan West Road.
In the first year of Daguan (1107), Qianzhou was promoted to Wangjun and Qianhua to Shangxian.
In the 23rd year of Shaoxing (1153), Qianzhou was changed into Ganzhou and Qianhua into Ningdu.
In the 14th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1277), Jiangxi was set up to travel to Zhongshu Province, and Ganzhou was changed into a road. Ningdu belongs to Ganzhou road.
In November of the first year of Yuanzhen (1295), Ningdu county was promoted as a prefecture, and Shicheng County was under the jurisdiction of Ganzhou road.
In the second year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1369), Ganzhou road was changed into a mansion and Ningdu Prefecture into Ningdu county. Ningdu county has six townships, including Qingtai Township, Taiping Township, Huaide township (commonly known as "shangsan township"), Anfu Township, Renyi Township, and piyang township (commonly known as "Xiasan township"), with 45 Li, 8 regiments (Li and Tuan level), and 61 capitals.
In the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), Ningdu County belonged to Ganzhou Prefecture.
In the early Qing Dynasty, six townships were set up along the Ming Dynasty system, among which piyang township was changed to Pingyang township.
In the 19th year of Qianlong (1754), Ningdu county was upgraded to Zhili Prefecture, governing Ruijin and Shicheng counties.
In 1913, Ningdu was changed into a county.
In 1914, the country's administrative divisions were divided into three levels: Province, road and county. There are four roads in Jiangxi, and Ningdu county belongs to Gannan road.
In 1926, the road was abandoned, and Ningdu county was directly under the Jiangxi provincial government.
In 1929, Ningdu was a county under the Central Soviet area.
In September 1931, Ningdu county was divided into Ningdu county and Pengpai county.
In February 1932, Ningdu county and Pengpai county were merged into Ningdu county.
At the end of 1932, the CPC Jiangxi Provincial Committee and Jiangxi Soviet government were stationed in Ningdu, which became the capital of Jiangxi Province in the Central Soviet area.
On January 8, 1933, Zhao Bosheng died in the battle of huangshidu in Jinxi, Nancheng. On the 13th of the same month, in memory of Zhao Bosheng, Ningdu county was changed into Bosheng county.
In July 1933, Ningdu was divided into Bosheng, Luokou and Changsheng counties according to the decision of the Central People's Committee of the Soviet Republic of China on redividing administrative divisions. Membership is as before.
In October 1934, the red army went northward on the long march to resist Japan. It was still Ningdu County, with the 12th administrative region of Jiangxi Province. The office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision was stationed in Ningdu, with jurisdiction over Ningdu, Guangchang, Shicheng, Ruijin, Yudu and Huichang.
In April 1935, the Jiangxi provincial government divided the whole province into eight administrative regions. The eighth Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision was stationed in Ningdu, with jurisdiction over Ningdu, Guangchang, Shicheng, Ruijin, Huichang, Yudu and Xingguo counties.
In January 1945, Jiangxi provincial government transferred to Qingtang, Ningdu, which became the temporary capital of Jiangxi during the Anti Japanese war.
On August 27, 1949, the Chinese people's Liberation Army liberated Ningdu county. On the 29th, Ningdu County People's government was established. In September of the same year, the provincial people's government set up Ningdu district (renamed Ningdu special district in June 1951), with eight counties: Ningdu, Yudu, Xingguo, Ruijin, Huichang, Shicheng, Xunwu and Guangchang (designated by Fuzhou special district).
On August 291952, Ningdu district was abolished and merged into Ganzhou district. Ningdu county belongs to Ganzhou district.
In June 1954, Ganzhou was changed into Gannan administrative region. Ningdu county is under its jurisdiction.
In May 1964, Gannan administrative region was changed to Ganzhou special region. In February 1971, it was changed to Ganzhou region. Ningdu county is under its jurisdiction.
In 1984, Yuanbu township was established.
On April 5, 1987, Qingtang Town, Changsheng town and Huangpi town were changed into Qingtang Town, Changsheng town and Huangpi town.
On December 10, 1988, Liukeng township was abolished and its administrative area was under the jurisdiction of Meijiang town.
On September 29, 1995, Gucun Township and Laicun Township were abolished and Gucun town and Laicun town were established.
On January 14, 1997, Shishang Township and dongshanba Township were abolished and Shishang town and dongshanba town were established.
On April 7, 1998, Meijiang town established Liukeng Township, and the township government was stationed in Liukeng village.
On August 5, 1998, Luokou township was abolished and Luokou town was established.
On July 1, 1999, Ganzhou area was changed into Ganzhou City, and Ningdu county was subordinate to it.
On June 27, 2000, Xiaobu township was abolished and Xiaobu town was established.
On October 20, 2001, Yuanbu township was abolished and transferred to Luokou town; Liukeng township was abolished and transferred to Meijiang town; Huangshi Township and Tiantou Township were abolished and Huangshi town and Tiantou town were established.
Ganzhou Songcheng ancient charm
By 2019, Ningdu county has 12 towns and 12 townships: Meijiang Town, Qingtang Town, Changsheng Town, Huangpi Town, Gucun Town, Laicun Town, Shishang Town, dongshanba Town, Luokou Town, Xiaobu Town, Huangshi Town, Tiantou Town, Zhuzuo Town, Duifang Town, guhou Town, Tianbu Town, Huitong Town, zhantian Town, Anfu Town, Dongshao Town, Xiaotian Town, Diaofeng Town, Dagu town and Caijiang town. The county government is located in Meijiang town. With Ningdu County Shuidong Industrial Park.
Ningdu is located in the southeast of Jiangxi Province, northeast of Ganzhou City, at 26 n. 05'18 "to 27 ° 08'13", and 115 ° 40'20 "to 116 ° 17'15" E. It borders Shicheng County and Guangchang county in the East, Ruijin City and Yudu County in the south, Xingguo County and Yongfeng County in the west, and Le'an County, Yihuang County and Nanfeng County in the north. It is 117.2 kilometers long from north to South and 61 kilometers wide from east to west, covering a total area of 4053.16 square kilometers. The county seat is 324 kilometers away from Nanchang, the provincial capital, and 162 kilometers away from Ganzhou City. Ningdu county ranks third in Jiangxi Province and first in Ganzhou City.
The geological structure of Ningdu county is complex, including folds, faults, uplifts and depressions. The geological basis is composed of Paleozoic Sinian epimetamorphic rocks. Exposed strata
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