Ankang is a prefecture level city in Shaanxi Province. Located in the southeast of Shaanxi Province, Qinling Mountains in the north and Bashan mountains in the south, the Han River passes through the East and West, and the valley basin (Ankang basin) is in the middle, covering an area of 31 ° 42 ′ ~ 33 ° 49 ′ N and 108 ° 01 ′ ~ 110 ° 01 ′ e. it has jurisdiction over one district, eight counties and one county-level city. Ankang is located in the hinterland of Qinba and the Bank of Han River, known as "the back garden of Xi'an".
Ankang City covers an area of 23391 square kilometers, with 289000 hectares of cultivated land. In 2016, the permanent resident population of Ankang City was 2.656 million. This area is a typical representative area of north subtropical animals and plants in China, including takin, crested ibis, giant panda, clouded leopard, giant salamander and other rare animals. It is the main production area of tea, cocoon, tung oil and raw lacquer in Shaanxi Province and Northwest China. Because the soil is rich in selenium, it is also known as "selenium valley of China". With the completion of Xikang Expressway and Xikang Railway (double track), Ankang is fully integrated into Xi'an 2-hour economic circle.
Ankang is the core water source area of the Middle Route Project of the south to North Water Diversion Project, which undertakes the glorious mission and political responsibility of "supplying Beijing with clean water from one river".
Ankang is one of China's top ten livable cities, National Forest City, China's top ten Festival cities, national development and reform pilot city, national main function area construction pilot demonstration city, national greening model city, China's wonderful city, China's top ten news communication city, Shaanxi's most beautiful green garden city, Shaanxi's garden city and national health city. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
History of construction
Ankang City had human activities in the stone age.
In the Xia Dynasty, Ankang belonged to Liangzhou; in the Shang and Zhou dynasties, Ankang was the fiefdom of the state of Yong, known as "Shangyong"; in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, Ankang was the land repeatedly contested by Qin, Chu and ba. In the Qin Dynasty, Xicheng County of Hanzhong county was set up here, and the county ruled Xicheng. In the Han Dynasty, the Qin system was followed. Except Xicheng County, there were four counties, Changyang County, Changli County, Xunyang county and Chuanxian county. In the first year of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 years), Hanzhong county was moved to Nanzheng County; in the 21st year of Jian'an (216 years), Caowei conquered Hanzhong, and Xicheng county was in the east of the county (now Ankang area). In the period of Cao Wei and Western Jin Dynasty, Weixing county was set up, which was subordinate to Jingzhou and had jurisdiction over seven counties. In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), in order to settle the refugees in Bashan area, the name "Ankang" was changed from Anyang County to Ankang county. During the northern and Southern Dynasties, Ankang first belonged to the Southern Dynasty, and then to the Northern Dynasty. In Sui Dynasty, Xicheng county was established, which belonged to Liangzhou and had jurisdiction over six counties; in Tang Dynasty, Jinzhou and Hanyin county were established, which belonged to Shannan Xidao and had basically the same subordinate counties as in Sui Dynasty.
In Song Dynasty, Ankang county was set up in Jinzhou, which had jurisdiction over 6 counties; in Yuan Dynasty, Jinzhou was a scattered state, which belonged to Xingyuan Road, and had jurisdiction over Xunyang, Pingli, Shiquan and Hanyin counties;
In the early Ming Dynasty, Jinzhou was set up with six counties of Hanyin, Pingli, Xunyang, Baihe, Ziyang and Shiquan. In 1583, the flood inundated the city, so a new city was built under Zhaotai mountain in the south of the city, and Jinzhou was changed into Xing'an Prefecture, which was originally under the jurisdiction of all counties.
In the early Qing Dynasty, Xing'an Prefecture was still established. In the fourth year of Shunzhi (1647), the prefecture capital moved back to the old city. In the 47th year of Qianlong (1782), Xing'an Prefecture was set up, with Ankang, Pingli, Xunyang, Baihe, Ziyang and Shiquan counties.
In the early years of the Republic of China (1911-1949), the administrative system was set up at the local level, with three levels of province, county and road. Since 1912, the names of government, prefecture and department have been abolished throughout the country, and all counties are called counties, which are subordinate to provinces. In 1913, Hanyin county was reestablished, and Langao County and Ningshan county were newly established. In 1917, because there were too many counties under the jurisdiction of each province, and the main roads were set up under the province, at this time, the counties in Ankang area belonged to Hanzhong Road in Shaanxi Province. In 1922, Zhenping county (zhizhongbao) was set up in the south of Pingli County. In 1933, the road was abandoned and the counties were under the jurisdiction of Shaanxi Province, with 10 counties under the jurisdiction of Shaanxi Province. In 1935, for administrative convenience, Shaanxi Province set up the fifth Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision in the former Xing'an Prefecture. It is located in Chengdong street of Ankang County, and has jurisdiction over 10 counties: Ankang, Xunyang, Baihe, Pingli, Hanyin, Shiquan, Ziyang, Langao, Zhenping and Ningshan. So far, the pattern of Ankang area has been formed.
From 1934 to 1935, the shengjiahe and Zhutong areas in the northeast of Xunyang county were part of the Hubei Henan Shaanxi revolutionary guerrilla base founded by the 25th army of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army led by Xu Haidong. In April 1948, the Chinese people's Liberation Army liberated the Eastern District of Xunyang and established the CPC Shangguan county Party committee and county government (governing Shuhe town of Xunyang), with dazongxi, nigou, Yangshan and Luohe as the boundaries. The eastern part was the liberated area, and the western part was still under the jurisdiction of the Kuomintang Xunyang county government. From August 1948 to may 1949, Shuhe and Shuanghe were the areas where the armed forces of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party competed fiercely. In May 1949, the Xunyang County democratic government was established in Yunxi County, Hubei Province. On July 13, the PLA moved westward from Hubei Province and liberated Xunyang east district again. On August 10, the Xunyang County democratic government led by the CPC moved the Shuhe River from Yunxi county. On November 26, the 57th division of the 19th army of the people's Liberation Army liberated Xunyang county. The county democratic government moved into the county, and Xunyang was liberated.
On August 27, 1946, Jianghan military region and the first column of the Central Plains military region of the people's Liberation Army led by Wang Shusheng joined forces in shangkan, Fangxian County, Hubei Province, and then established the western Hubei military region and district Party committee. Pingli, Zhenping county, and a part of Zhuxi, Zhushan, and Fangxian counties in Hubei Province were the first military division and the first CPC prefectural committee. Under the leadership of the Central County Committee of baizhuping and the county democratic government, there were Pingli, Zhenping, Baihe, and Baihe counties under the jurisdiction of the Central County Committee of baizhuping and the county democratic government Zhuxi.
In May 1949, the CPC Southern Shaanxi Party committee announced the establishment of Zhenping county people's Government in Chengguan Town, Yunxi County, Hubei Province, with 17 cadres and a working team. On May 17, the party vowed to march westward and arrived in bajiaodian, Qiuping District, Pingli County in July to carry out the work of the new liberated area.
On May 12, 1949, with the approval of the Central Plains Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, the local committee of the CPC Ankang and the regional Commissioner's office of Ankang were established in Yunxi County, Hubei Province. With the victory of the war of liberation, the counties in Ankang area were liberated in 1949 and early 1950. The special office is located in East Street, Chengguan Town, Ankang county.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, the regional Commissioner's office of Ankang was subordinate to Shaanxi Province, and Ankang City was set up in Chengguan town of Ankang, which was under the leadership of the special office. In April 1954, Ankang City was abolished and changed into Chengguan District, returning to Ankang county. In December 1958, Langao County was abolished and merged into Ankang County; Hanyin and Ningshan counties were abolished and merged into Shiquan County; in 1961, the organizational system of the merged counties was restored and each county was returned to its original site. During the same period, Zhenping was incorporated into Pingli County, and its original construction was restored in 1961. During the same period, although the administrative divisions within the region have changed, the total area and area remain unchanged.
During the "Cultural Revolution" from 1967 to 1976, county revolutionary committees were set up in each county in Ankang area, and Ankang regional revolutionary committees were set up by Ankang special office. In 1969, the Ankang district administrative office was still restored, and the county people's governments were also restored at this time. On July 31, 1983, every county along the Hanjiang River in Ankang area was hit by a huge flood, and the old urban area of Ankang county was destroyed. After the flood, the State Council and the provincial government funded the reconstruction of Ankang. The administrative office also built a new office building under the Loess beam of Ankang new city. In 1988, the administrative office moved from the old city of Ankang to its current site. On September 14, 1988, Ankang county was renamed Ankang City. So far, Ankang prefecture has jurisdiction over one city and nine counties.
In December 2000, Ankang district was abolished and prefecture level Ankang City was established. The Municipal People's government is located in Hanbin District.
On November 29, 2020, China will join the Dabashan Grand Three Gorges Cultural Tourism Development Alliance.
As of February 2021, Ankang City has one district, eight counties and one county-level city: Hanbin District, Hanyin County, Shiquan County, Ningshan County, Ziyang County, Langao County, Pingli County, Zhenping county, Xunyang city and Baihe county.
Hanbin District (4 sub district offices, 24 towns) Wuli Town, Guanmiao Town, Yinghu Town, hengkou Town, Xianhe Town, Jihe Town, Zhangtan Town, Yeping Town, Zhongyuan Town, Shenba Town, Dahe Town, Zijing Town, Shuanglong Town, Liushui Town, Hongshan Town, Zaoyang Town, Bahe Town, Shiti town, Guanjia Town, Yanba Town, niuti Town, Cigou Town, Tanba Town, Dazhuyuan Town, Jianmin town Office, Jiangbei office, old city office, new city office
Hanyin county (10 towns): Chengguan Town, Jianchi Town, Puxi Town, shuangru Town, whirlpool Town, Hanyang Town, Pingliang Town, Shuanghekou Town, tiefosi Town, GUANYINHE town
Shiquan County (11 towns) includes Chengguan Town, Chihe Town, houliu Town, Xihe Town, ironing Town, Yingfeng Town, Raofeng Town, Lianghe Town, Zhongchi Town, Yunwushan town and Zengxi town
Ningshan county (11 towns) includes Chengguan Town, Jiangkou Town, Huangguan Town, Longwang Town, Jinchuan Town, Xinchang Town, Meizi Town, tongchewan Town, guanghuojie Town, simudi town and Taishanmiao town
Ziyang County (17 towns): Chengguan Town, Haoping Town, Xiangyang Town, Gaoqiao Town, Donghe Town, Hongchun Town, Shuangqiao Town, Shuangan Town, Gaotan Town, Maoba Town, Dongmu Town, huangu Town, Hanwang Town, wamiao Town, Maliu Town, Huishui town and Jieling town
Langao County (12 towns) includes Chengguan Town, Guanyuan Town, Shimen Town, Linhe Town, Taohe Town, Zuolong Town, Siji Town, Minzhu Town, Yanmen Town, dadaohe Town, nangongshan town and mengshiling town
Pingli County (11 towns) includes Chengguan Town, Chang'an Town, Laoxian Town, Baxian Town, Dagui Town, Luohe Town, Guangfo Town, Xinglong Town, Sanyang Town, Xihe town and Zhengyang town
Zhenping county (7 towns) Zengjia Town, niutoudian Town, Chengguan Town, Shangzhu Town, Shuping Town, Zhongbao town
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng An Kang Shi
Ankang City, Shaanxi Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:23:09
Jinzhong City, Shanxi Province. Shan Xi Sheng Jin Zhong Shi
Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Nei Meng Gu Zi Zhi Qu Hu He Hao Te Shi
Xilin Gol League, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Nei Meng Gu Zi Zhi Qu Xi Lin Guo Le Meng
Benxi City, Liaoning Province. Liao Ning Sheng Ben Xi Shi
Daxinganling area of Heilongjiang Province. Hei Long Jiang Sheng Da Xing An Ling Di Qu
Bengbu City, Anhui Province. An Hui Sheng Bang Bu Shi
Xuancheng City, Anhui Province. An Hui Sheng Xuan Cheng Shi
Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province. Si Chuan Sheng Guang Yuan Shi
Yulin City, Shaanxi Province. Shan Xi Sheng Yu Lin Shi
Pingliang City, Gansu Province. Gan Su Sheng Ping Liang Shi
Altay Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu A Le Tai Di Qu
County level administrative divisions of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu Zi Zhi Qu Zhi Xia Xian Ji Hang Zheng Qu Hua