Yongzhou Yongzhou, nicknamed "Xiaoxiang", is a prefecture level city in Hunan Province. It is located in the south of Hunan Province where the rivers of Xiaoxiang and Xiangzhou converge. It has jurisdiction over two districts and nine counties, with a total area of 22441 square kilometers. The terrain is surrounded by mountains on three sides and the landform is complex and diverse. In 2018, there will be 5.4521 million permanent residents. Yongzhou is a national forest city and a famous historical and cultural city. Yongzhou is an important transportation fortress since ancient times. It is the gateway from Hunan to Guangxi, Hainan, western Guangdong and southwest China.
Since the establishment of Quanling Marquis state in 124 BC, Yongzhou has a history of more than 2100 years. In addition, Yongzhou is also the hometown of huaisu, huanggai, Zhou Dunyi, Li Da, Taozhu and other historical celebrities. Liu Zongyuan, one of the eight great writers in Tang and Song Dynasties, was demoted to Yongzhou and left eight chapters of Yongzhou, which had a great influence in the history of literature. On December 26, 2016, the State Council agreed to list Yongzhou as a national historical and cultural city. On January 29, 2021, it was selected into the list of areas with remarkable achievements in real work in 2020 announced by Hunan Provincial People's government.
In 2018, Yongzhou's GDP reached 180.565 billion yuan, an increase of 7.8% over the previous year
Qin and Han Dynasties
In the 26th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 BC), the system of prefectures and counties was implemented. Changsha County was set up, and Lingling county (now Quanzhou County, Guilin City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region) was set up.
In the fifth year of Yuanshuo, Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty (124bc), Liu Xian, the son of Liu Fa, king of Changsha, was granted the title of Marquis of Quanling, and the Marquis of Quanling was established (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City).
In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC), Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty analyzed the state of Changsha and established Lingling County, which was subordinate to Jingzhou. Lingling, yingdao, Fandao, Yingpu, Shi'an, Taoyang, Zhongwu seven counties and Quanling, Duliang, Fuyi, Chongling four Hou states.
In the new mang Dynasty, Lingling county was renamed Jiuyi county. Lingling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City) was subordinate to Jingzhou.
In the 25th year of Emperor Guangwu's founding in the Eastern Han Dynasty, he renamed Lingling County, changed the Marquis state of Quanling county to Quanling County, and moved the administration of Lingling county to Quanling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City), which is subordinate to Jingzhou.
Three Kingdoms, two Jin Dynasties, southern and Northern Dynasties
Wu of the Three Kingdoms is governed by Lingling county and Quanling county (which is located in today's Lingling District of Yongzhou City); it is divided into Yingyang county and Yingpu county (which is located in today's Dao County). They all belong to Jingzhou.
The Western Jin Dynasty and the first year of emperor Huaidi Yongjia (307), for Lingling County, Quanling County governance (Governance in today's Yongzhou City Lingling district), change the jurisdiction Xiangzhou.
In the 13th year of Yixi reign of emperor an in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (417), it was Lingling County, which was governed by Quanling county (now Yongzhou Lingling district); it was divided into Yingyang County, Yingpu county (now Daoxian county), which was changed to Jingzhou.
In the 14th year of Liang Tianjian (515), it was Lingling County, where Quanling county was governed (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City), and it was divided into yongyang County, Yingpu county (now Daoxian county), which was under the jurisdiction of Xiangzhou.
Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
In 589, Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty abolished Lingling county and yongyang County, and set up Yongzhou governor's office, which governed Quanling county. In the same year, it was renamed Lingling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City), which was subordinate to Xiangzhou. Since then, Yongzhou and Lingling have won two prizes.
In the third year of Daye (607), Emperor Yang of Sui Dynasty changed Yongzhou governor's office to Lingling County, which governed Lingling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City) and was subordinate to Xiangzhou.
In 621, Lingling county was abolished and divided into Yongzhou and Yingzhou. In the fifth year of Wude, Yingzhou was changed to Nanying. In the eighth year of Zhenguan (634), Nanying Prefecture was changed into Daozhou. In the 17th year of Zhenguan (643), Daozhou was withdrawn and merged into Yongzhou. In 675, Daozhou was restored. In 742, Yongzhou was changed to Lingling County, Daozhou to Jianghua County, and yingdao county to Hongdao county. In the first year of Qianyuan (758), the name of the county was abolished, and Yongzhou and Daozhou were renamed. In the second year of Guangde (764), Hunan observation envoy was set up. Since then, the name of Hunan has belonged to Yongzhou and Daozhou.
In the second year of emperor Tiancheng (927), Yongzhou was governed by Lingling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City); Fendao Prefecture and Hongdao county (now Daoxian county) were governed by Jiangnan Xidao.
Song and Yuan Dynasties
Song Taizu Jianlong first year (960), for Yongzhou, Lingling County governance (Governance in today's Yongzhou City Lingling district); Fendao Prefecture, yingdao County governance (Governance in today's Daoxian), all under Jinghu South Road.
In 1276, Yongzhou road was changed to govern Lingling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City); Daozhou road was divided and yingdao county (now Daoxian county) was governed by Xuanwei Department of Hunan Road.
Ming and Qing Dynasties
In the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1368), Lu was changed into Fu. Yongzhou Prefecture governs Lingling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City) and Daozhou Prefecture governs yingdao county (now Daoxian county), which is subordinate to Huguang province. In the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), Daozhou was reduced to Daozhou, which was subordinate to Yongzhou. In the same year, Huguang province was changed to Huguang Province, and Yongzhou government was subordinate to it.
In the first year of Shunzhi (1644), huguangcheng announced that the political envoys were huguangcheng left Chengxuan and huguangcheng right Chengxuan. Yongzhou government was subordinate to huguangcheng right Chengxuan. In the third year of Kangxi (1664), Huguang Youcheng was changed and the Department of political envoys was announced as Hunan Province. Yongzhou Prefecture was under the jurisdiction of hengchen guidao in Hunan Province. Lingling county (now Lingling District of Yongzhou City).
Republic of China
In 1913, Daozhou was changed to Daoxian. In the third year of the Republic of China (1914), Hengyong Chengui road was changed to Hengyang Road, and Yongzhou belonged to Hengyang road. In 1922, Dao was abolished in Hunan Province, leaving only provincial and county levels. In the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), Hunan Province was divided into administrative supervision districts. Each county in Yongzhou was the ninth administrative supervision district, and the office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision was located in Lingling county. In the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), Hunan Province adjusted the administrative supervision area, and the counties of the former ninth administrative supervision area were changed to the seventh administrative supervision area.
The People's Republic of China
From October to November 1949, the counties in Yongzhou area were conquered by the Chinese people's Liberation Army or achieved peaceful regime change, and Yongzhou special area was established, which was called Lingling special area the next year.
In 1952, Lingling, Hengyang and Chen counties were merged into Xiangnan administrative region, and Qidong County was established in the east of Qiyang County.
In 1954, the southern Hunan administrative region was abolished, and all the counties under the former Lingling special region were under Hengyang special region except Xintian County.
In November 1955, Jianghua County implemented regional ethnic autonomy and was renamed Jianghua Yao Autonomous County. In March 1956, Yongming county was renamed Jiangyong County.
In March 1959, Xintian County was merged into Guiyang County.
In July 1961, Xintian County was restored.
In June 1960, Lengshuitan town of Lingling county was upgraded to Lengshuitan city at the county level.
In October 1962, Lengshuitan city was abolished and changed into Lengshuitan District, still under the jurisdiction of Lingling county.
In December 1962, Lingling district was restored and Zhicheng Town, Lingling County, was still set up. Lingling County, Jiangyong County, Dao County, Ningyuan County, Dong'an County, Jianghua Yao Autonomous County, and Lanshan county and Xintian County of Chenzhou district are included in the Lingling district. Qiyang County and Qidong County, the former Lingling special area, are included in Hengyang special area.
In November 1995, Lingling District, Yongzhou City at county level and Lengshuitan city at county level were abolished and Yongzhou City at prefecture level was established. The people's Government of Yongzhou City was stationed in the newly established Zhishan District (now Lingling district). At this time, prefecture level Yongzhou City governed Qiyang County, Xintian County, Dao County, Lanshan County, Dong'an County, Shuangpai County, Ningyuan County, Jiangyong County, Jianghua Yao Autonomous County, Zhishan District and Lengshuitan district. Yongzhou Municipal government was originally set up at No. 106 Xiaoshui Middle Road, Lingling District, and moved to No. 1 Yiyun Road, Lengshuitan District in July 1997.
In May 1964, 12 communes and 9 state-owned forest farms in Lingling and Daoxian counties were designated, and Xiaoshui Forest Management Bureau was set up.
In 1968, Lingling district was renamed Lingling district.
On December 16, 1969, with the approval of the State Council, the Xiaoshui Forest Management Bureau was abolished and Shuangpai County was established.
In March 1979, Dongfeng Town, the resident of Lingling County, was renamed Yongzhou Town, under the direct leadership of Lingling area.
In January 1982, with the approval of the State Council, Yongzhou City at the county level was established in Yongzhou town directly under Lingling Prefecture and the surrounding towns.
In February 1983, Qiyang County was under the jurisdiction of Lingling area.
In June 1984, Lingling county was abolished, and Lengshuitan city at the county level was set up in the northern towns, while Yongzhou City at the county level was merged in the southern towns.
In May 2000, the State Council officially approved the relocation of Yongzhou Municipal People's government to Lengshuitan district.
In June 2005, Zhishan District of Yongzhou City was renamed Lingling district. The administrative area and the residence of the district government remained unchanged.
On January 20, 2021, with the approval of the State Council and the reply of the Ministry of civil affairs, Qiyang County was abolished and Qiyang city at the county level was established. It is directly under the central government of Hunan Province and managed by Yongzhou City.
Current situation of Regional Planning
As of February 2021, Yongzhou has two districts, one city and eight counties, including Lingling District, Lengshuitan District, Qiyang City, Shuangpai County, Dong'an County, Dao County, Ningyuan County, Xintian County, Lanshan County, Jiangyong County, Jianghua Yao Autonomous County, and two administrative districts, huilongwei and Jindong. Yongzhou Municipal government is located at No. 1, Yiyun Road, Lengshuitan district.
Yongzhou is adjacent to Chenzhou City in the East, Qingyuan City in Guangdong Province and Hezhou City in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the south, Guilin City in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the west, Hengyang City and Shaoyang City in the north. Xiangjiang River passes through Lingqi basin from west to East, and Xiaoshui runs through the whole area from south to north. The geographical coordinates are between 24 ° 39 ′ n to 26 ° 51 ′ N and 111 ° 06 ′ e to 112 ° 21 ′ e, with a maximum distance of 245 km from north to South and 144 km from east to west. The total land area is 22400 square kilometers.
Yongzhou City belongs to the mid subtropical continental monsoon humid air
Chinese PinYin : Hu Nan Sheng Yong Zhou Shi
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:20:58
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