Bijie, a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Guizhou Province, is located in the northwest of Guizhou Province, one of the golden triangle of Guizhou, the hinterland of Wumeng Mountain, the key of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou, the throat of Yunnan and Chu, the gateway of Bashu, the barrier of Yangtze River and Pearl River, Yunnan in the West and Sichuan in the north. It is the birthplace of Wujiang River, Beipanjiang River and Chishui River. It is a multi-ethnic community with splendid history and culture, rich resources and magic show The United States, the thoroughfare of the three provinces, and the place where red stars shine.
Bijie is an important energy base of "west to East power transmission", a national new energy and chemical industry base, a national high-tech industrialization base of new energy vehicles, a national biomedical industry base, a gathering place of modern mountain high-efficiency ecological agriculture, new energy, new building materials, service outsourcing and call center with big data as the core, and other emerging industries Development, poverty alleviation and ecological construction.
Bijie is a regional central city at the junction of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and Chongqing, an important regional comprehensive transportation hub in Southwest China, and an important channel for the Pearl River Delta to connect Southwest China and the Yangtze River Delta to connect ASEAN. Bijie has huge reserves of mineral resources, with more than 60 kinds of proven minerals, phosphate rock reserves ranking the top in the country, coal prospective reserves ranking the south of the Yangtze River, iron ore, copper ore, lead ore, rare earth ore reserves ranking the first in Guizhou, diverse biological resources, more than 2800 kinds of animal and plant resources, many "geographical indications" in the whole country and the whole province, such as potato Town, garlic town, etc., and abundant water energy resources There are 80 rivers with a drainage area of more than 100 square kilometers.
Bijie is one of the political, economic and cultural centers of ancient Yelang and the birthplace of ancient human culture in southern China. Bijie has beautiful scenery, known as "Dongtian lake, Huahai Hexiang, summer paradise"; Bijie has a cool and pleasant climate, which is the observation point of summer tourism city. Bijie is the red capital of the three provinces and the last revolutionary base south of the Yangtze River. It has a profound history and culture and is unique in the whole country.
The Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, which Bijie is attached to, is a strong uplifted ancient continent during the Cenozoic quaternary Himalayan orogeny, which has special needs for the survival, reproduction and evolution of organisms.
The history of human activities here can be traced back to the Paleolithic age at least 500000 years ago.
Yao and Shun period for the nose state (vassal state), the first time in history known as the state. This is the first time in Bijie's history that Bijie was named as the nose.
The Xia Dynasty was the southern region of Liangzhou and the Western neighbor of Jingzhou.
At the end of the Shang Dynasty and the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty, it was the state of Lu Yi. According to the book of history, there are eight states in Southwest China, namely Yong, Shu, Qiang, Wei, Kan, Lu, Peng and Pu, who took part in the Muye war. When King Wu conquered Zhou, the leader of Luyi Kingdom sent an expeditionary army to take part in the battle of Muye (now south of Qixian County, Henan Province), and defeated the army of Shang Dynasty at one stroke. King Zhou burned himself and Shang Dynasty perished. Zhou Dynasty was officially established as the Third Dynasty in Chinese history.
The weekend is the nanzhong of ancient Shu.
The six states were called Nanyi, whose state was named Yelang, and the leader was called Yelang Marquis (or Yelang king). The king of Chu sent Zhuang Hao to lead his elite troops up the Yuan River to Qielan. He fixed the boat on the shore, got off the boat and went up the mountain to fight. When he occupied Gelan, Yelang King led his troops to surrender. Zhuang Hao stayed in Yunnan and called himself queen. Yelang and Qielan established themselves as a nation. How big is Yelang's territory? "Hanshu" said: "Yelang East Jiaozhi, from the west to the East Xi as thousands of miles?" "Records of the historian" said: "Southwest Yi Jun long to more than ten, Yelang largest." No wonder there are stories of arrogance.
Qin Dynasty: in 221 BC, the first emperor of Qin sent Chang'an to collect Yelang land, set up Yelang and Hanyang counties, and slightly connected Wuchi road. From now on, Yibin, Sichuan, through Bijie and Weining, Guizhou, Xuanwei, Yunnan to Qujing. The Post pavilion was built in Hanyang. The place of the Post Pavilion is called Pingyi, which is now Bijie. Hanyang county is located in Weining, Hezhang, qixingguan, Nayong, Dafang, etc. Qin died, county abolished, Yelang restored.
Western Han Dynasty: in the sixth year of Jianyuan reign of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty (135 BC), Yelang Marquis mostly descended to the Han Dynasty. According to the Han Dynasty, Yelang Prefecture was set up in Qianwei county and Hanyang county was restored. In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 B.C.), Yelang state was destroyed, and Qianwei county was set up as juke county. Hanyang County of Qianwei county was separated from qixingguan District, Nayong district and Dafang District of Bijie City, and Pingyi County (Zhijin qixingguan District) was set up, which was under the jurisdiction of juke county.
Eastern Han Dynasty: in 215 A.D., Zhuti county was set up with Qianwei as its territory, and Hanyang belonged to it.
Three Kingdoms: in 221 A.D., Emperor zhaolie Liu Bei set up the governor's office in Pingyi County to govern today's seven star pass area. He took charge of the four counties in southern China, namely Yizhou, Qianwei, Yizhou and Zhuti. Pingyi became an important fortress of Shu and was guarded by heavy troops.
Jin Dynasty: in the fifth year of Yongjia (311), Pingyi County was changed into Pingyi County, Pingyi (now qixingguan District) was ruled, and Pingyi and Ouyi (now Zunyi territory) counties were led, so Pingyi was ruled by the county. In 404, Pingyi County was changed into pingman county.
Liang Dynasty: in 549, Kuan Zan, a native of ningzhou, was rebellious, Zhuti county was occupied by Zan, and pingman, Hanyang and other counties were abandoned. All of them belong to Lu Lu's family.
Sui Dynasty: in 584, Gongzhou was established in Zhuti County, and Hanyang belonged to it (now Bijie area is in its territory).
Tang Dynasty: in 670, Luzhou was set up in Pingyi and was subordinate to the governor's office of Guizhou. Tang Wangzhou. In 697, Baozhou (now northeast of Weining County), zazhou (now west of Qianxi County), Yizhou (now Jinsha County), Haozhou (now south of Dafang County), Huizhou (now North of Zhijin County) and Qianzhou (now northeast of Dafang County) were established as Jimi Prefecture.
Song Dynasty: at the beginning of song Qingli (1041-1048), Yao state was added as Jimi state. At the end of the Song Dynasty, all the states were abolished. In the East was the land of Luo's ghost Kingdom, and in the West was WUSA tribe.
Yuan Dynasty: at the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, pingchi was set up in pingchi (today's qixingguan District), and Bijie post was set up at the same time. In 1276, wusalu was set up; in 15, wusalu's military and civilian Office (now Weining and Hezhang) was set up; in 16, Luo's ghost state pacification department was set up; in 17, Luo's ghost state pacification department was changed to shunyuanlu Xuanfu department; in 19, shunyuanlu Xuanwei department was set up. Twenty years ago, he was also appointed to the Department of Xuanwei (now Dafang). In the twenty-first year, the general office of the army and the people of Uzbekistan was changed to the Xuanfu Department of the army and the people, and in the twenty fourth year, the Xuanfu Department of WUSA was upgraded to the Xuanwei Department of WUSA and Wumeng, which is subordinate to Yunnan Province, and has jurisdiction over six departments, namely WUSA, atou, Yixi, Yiliang, Wumeng and kaipan. Today, Weining, Hezhang and other places in the city are wuzabu. In the 29th year of the reign of emperor Shunyuan, Yixi Buxue, and Bafan Luodian, the sanxuanweisi was the Bafan Shunyuan xuanweisi and the capital Marshal's mansion. He ruled Guiyang today, led the Shunyuan road military and civilian xuanfusi, took charge of the fanmin general, Jinzhu and Dingyuan's two prefectures, and 9 appeasement Department. In the seventh year of Dade's reign (1303), yixibuxue's xuanweisi and other local officials were removed to yixibuxue. During the period of Zhizhi and TAIDING (1321-1328), the military and civilian Xuanfu Department of Yuanlu in Jiangshun was the pacification department.
Ming Dynasty: in 1372, Guizhou Xuanwei envoy Zheng Yanwen, local official AI Cui Shu Yu Dang and Xuanwei song Mengya were attached, and Guizhou Xuanwei Department (now Guiyang) was set up. AI Cui was from Lingshui West. She was divided into three groups: Zhongshui, Xiashui and Dishui. Twelve clansmen (later, shiezexi) and forty-eight civil servants were in charge of her land. In 1381, it set up wusatu Prefecture, which was subordinate to Yunnan chief secretary. In 1382, wuzawei (now Weining) was set up, which was under the command of yunnandu. In February 1383, bijiewei was set up and attached to Dusi of Guizhou Province, and WUSA Prefecture was changed to WUSA military and civilian Prefecture and attached to Sichuan Political Bureau. The Seven Star pass was set up to guard the thousand households, which were subordinate to wuzawei. In 1388, Taiwei was set up. In 1389, chishuiwei was set up. Xuanfu Department of Yongning. In 1390, it set up qianhusuo in Pushi and weiqingwei in the West. In 1394, it set up a thousand households in alomi, which was attached to chishuiwei. Waste terrace guard. Chishui Wei qianhusuo was set up. In 1413, Zhu Di, the founder of the Ming Dynasty, set up an envoy department in Guizhou. Guizhou officially became a provincial Province, and Bijie has been under the jurisdiction of Guizhou since then. In 1414, qixingguan garrison was changed to Bijie garrison. Bijie garrison was set up to reorganize the troops and prepare the way. The Deputy envoy of Guizhou garrison was stationed in Bijie. Wusawei was transferred to Dusi of Guizhou. In 1523, he was ordered to patrol guining road and garrison in Bijie to take charge of WUSA, Bijie, Chishui and Yongning. In 1528, the Deputy envoy of Weiqing army in Guizhou Province was stationed in Bijie, and concurrently made four prefectures of Zhanyi Prefecture in Yunnan Province, Wumeng (now Zhaotong City in Yunnan Province), WUSA, Dongchuan and Zhenxiong in Sichuan Province, and Xuanfu department in Yongning. In 1635, the western part of the river was divided into 12 states, which were abandoned and still set up the Department of Xuanwei.
Qing Dynasty: Qing Kangxi three years (1664) Pingshui Xi'an Kun. In 1665, Bijie road was set up. In bina City, Pingyuan mansion was set up, and four river lands were set up: lingwugu, DIDU, Duoyou, and Yaojia; in Dafang City, Dading mansion was set up, and four river lands were set up: lingfargo (Huaqi), Huozhe, Mugu, and Jiele; in Shuixi City, Qianxi mansion was set up, and three river lands were set up: Yizhe, zewo, and xiongsuo. Wushawei set up Weining Prefecture, Zhiwei City, Weining town general, subordinate to Guizhou. In the 22nd year, Qianxi and Pingyuan were changed into prefectures, which were subordinate to Dading Prefecture. In the 26th year, Dading Prefecture was reduced to Dading Prefecture, Bijie county was set up by Bijie guards, and the provincial Chishui guards were set up in Bijie County, and Yongning County was set up by Yongning guards and Pushi thousand households. Qianxi, Dading, Pingyuan and Bijie, Yongning counties all belong to Weining Prefecture. Yongning County was designated as Sichuan Province in 1727. In 1729, the North Bank of Chishui River was drawn into Yongning County, Sichuan Province, and the South Bank of Chishui River in Yongning County was drawn into Bijie; Dading Prefecture was upgraded to Weining Prefecture, and Weining Prefecture was demoted to Weining Prefecture; Qianxi, Pingyuan and Weining prefectures were subordinate to Dading Prefecture; guixidao was stationed in Bijie, and governed Anshun, Zunyi, Dading and Nanlong prefectures (now Anlong county, renamed Xingyi in the second year of Jiaqing); Xuanwei, Yunnan Province, belonged to Weining Prefecture Duhe bridge is the boundary of Yunnan and Guizhou Province. In the 11th year, he set up Shuicheng hall and settled in Dading mansion. Guangxu 34 years cut expensive
Chinese PinYin : Gui Zhou Sheng Bi Jie Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:45:13
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