Zhaoqing, formerly known as Duanzhou, is a prefecture level city in Guangdong Province. It is an important node city in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, one of the cities in Guangzhou metropolitan area, an important part of Guangzhou Foshan Zhaoqing economic circle and Pearl River Xijiang economic belt. It has jurisdiction over Duanzhou District, Dinghu District, Gaoyao District, Guangning County, Deqing County, Fengkai County, HUAIJI County, Sihui City, and two economic functional zones, Zhaoqing new area and Zhaoqing high tech Zone. As of October 2019, the number of registered residence population in Zhaoqing was 4 million 501 thousand and 500, with a population of 1 million 700 thousand in the central urban area.
Zhaoqing has convenient transportation and obvious location advantages. It is adjacent to Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Macao in the East, and backed by the southwest of China. It is an important transportation hub from economically developed areas to southwest provinces. Beautiful scenery, rich tourism resources. Qixingyan in Zhaoqing City is known as "the first wonder in Lingnan"; Dinghushan is a national nature reserve. Taking the star lake scenic spot as the center, the scenic spots such as Panlong gorge, "the first stone in the world", qiancengfeng, Guangning Bamboo Sea Grand View, Yanyan and so on are successively unfolded along the Xijiang River and Suijiang River, forming a gorgeous picture of the Qianli tourist corridor.
Zhaoqing is a national historical and cultural city. From Han Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, Zhaoqing became the political, economic and cultural center of Lingnan for many times. Zhaoqing is one of the birthplaces of Guangfu culture, the birthplace of Cantonese, and the earliest intersection of Central Plains culture and Lingnan culture, western culture and traditional Chinese culture. Duanzhou was established in the ninth year of kaihuang (589) of the Sui Dynasty; Zhaoqing was established in the eighth year of Zhenghe (1118) of the Song Dynasty; Zhaoqing was the residence of the Governor General of Guangdong and Guangxi from the 43rd year of Jiajing (1564) of the Ming Dynasty to the 11th year of Qianlong (1746) of the Qing Dynasty.
In 2020, Zhaoqing's GDP will reach 231.165 billion yuan, up 3.0% year on year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 43.727 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.3%; the added value of the secondary industry was 90.219 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.4%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 97.219 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.6%.
The origin of the name
In the first year of Chonghe (1118), Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty granted the imperial script to set up Zhaoqing mansion. "Zhao" is the first explanation, and "Qing" is auspicious, which means that since Huizong of Song Dynasty was granted the title of Duan Wang, he brought in the auspicious celebration of inheriting the throne and ruling the world.
Evolution of organizational system
In the pre Qin period, Zhaoqing belonged to Nanyue.
In the 33rd year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (214 BC), the south of the five ridges was established by Qin Ping, with three counties of Guilin, Xiang and Nanhai. Nanhai county is a part of Eastern, northern, central and western Guangdong. Today, part of Zhaoqing belongs to Guilin county and Nanhai county. In Qin Dynasty, Sihui county was set up, and its jurisdiction included all or part of the present Sihui, Guangning, HUAIJI and other cities and counties.
After Emperor Hanwu pacified Nanyue, Gaoyao county was set up in Gaoyao, Zhaoqing City, Gaoming, Sanshui West and Yunfu East.
In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, eight counties were built in the region. Sihui county was subordinate to Nanhai County; Guangxin County, xiemu County, Gaoyao County, Fengyang County and Duanxi county were subordinate to Cangwu County; Gaoliang county and Linyun county were subordinate to Hepu County; they were subordinate to Jiaozhou.
In the 25th year of Jian'an in the Eastern Han Dynasty (220 AD), the administrative division inherited from the Western Han Dynasty. Wu Huangwu five years of the Three Kingdoms (AD 226), built along the Eastern Han Dynasty, most of Guangzhou, a small part of Jiaozhou. At that time, the northern part (now HUAIJI County) belonged to Linhe County of Jingzhou.
In the third year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (282 AD), there were nine counties, Sihui county was subordinate to Nanhai County; Guangxin County, Duanxi County, Yuanxi County, Gaoyao County, Xinning County and Linyun county were subordinate to Cangwu County; Xie Mu and Fengyang were subordinate to Linhe County; they all belonged to Guangzhou.
In the seventh year of Yonghe in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (351 A.D.), there were 16 counties under the jurisdiction of Guangzhou. Sihui county and Huaihua county are subordinate to Nanhai County; Guangxin county and Gaoyao county are subordinate to Cangwu County; Yuanxi County, Duanxi County, Fengxing County, Ducheng County, Jinhua County, Longxiang county and furuan county are subordinate to Jinkang County; Linyun County, Xinxing County, Nanxing County, Danti county and Pingxing county are subordinate to Xinning County.
During the northern and Southern Dynasties (420-479 AD), Gaoyao, Guangxin, Fengxing, Wuhua, Duanxi, Jinhua, Ducheng, Lecheng, Yuecheng, furuan, ansui, Binjiang, Wenzhao, Nanxing, Xinxing, Linyun, Gandong, Danti, Longtan, Funa, Bolin, Weiping, Xinzhao, Huameng, Huamu, Sihui, HUAIJI, Huazhu, Pingxing, chuning, Zhaoxing, Jianning, Chonghua, Xi were set up Mu, Chongde, xiemu, Kaijian and YONGGU are 38 counties, which belong to Nanhai, Cangwu, Jinkang, Xinning, suijian, Songlong and Linqing counties, and Guangzhou and Xiangzhou. From 479 to 502 ad, 11 counties of Longxiang, Luoping, Yongxi, Binhua, Ningxiang, Changhua, Dingchang, Baoning, Qi'an, chuning and Yongcheng, and 4 counties of Guangxi, Qi'an, Qijian and Linhe were added, belonging to Guangzhou and Xiangzhou respectively. From 502 to 589 ad, 54 counties were set up, including Guangzhou, Chengzhou, Jianzhou, Xinzhou and Longzhou. In September of the sixth year of Liang Tianjian (507 AD), Gaoyao county was elevated to Gaoyao County, and the governor of Guangzhou was placed in Gaoyao county. Chen Ba established the Chen Dynasty in 557 ad when he was the governor of Xijiang and Gaoyao. In Chen's time, the governor's office of Guangzhou still ruled high.
In the ninth year of kaihuang (589 AD), Gaoyao county was a county, and Duanzhou was set up. There were five counties, namely linggaoyao, Duanxi, Pingxing, Lecheng and Qingtai. In 607 ad, Duanzhou was changed into Xin'an County. Shizhaoqing had 17 counties, which were subordinate to 5 counties: Sihui County, Huameng county and HUAIJI County were subordinate to Nanhai County; Gaoyao County, Duanxi County, Lecheng County, Pingxing County, Xinxing County, Bolin county and Tongling County were subordinate to Xin'an County; Longshui County, ansui county and Yongxi county were subordinate to Yongxi County; FENGCHUAN county and Ducheng county were subordinate to Cangwu County; Gaian county and Kaijian county were subordinate to Xiping County; they were subordinate to Guangzhou, Lianzhou, Duanzhou, Longzhou and Fengzhou.
In the 29th year of Kaiyuan in Tang Dynasty (741 AD), there were 20 counties under 7 prefectures: Sihui, HUAIJI, Huameng and Gaian counties under Guangzhou; Duanxi, Jinkang, Yuecheng and Ducheng counties under Kangzhou; Longshui, Kaiyang, Zhennan and Jianshui counties under Longzhou; Gaoyao and Pingxing counties under Duanzhou; Xinxing and Yongshun counties under Xinzhou; FengChuan and Kaijian counties under Fengzhou; Fulin and Tongling counties under Qinzhou.
In the 15th year of Qianhe (957 AD), there were 20 counties, which were divided into one Prefecture and six prefectures: Sihui, HUAIJI, Huameng and Danshui.
In the first year of Zhenghe in the Northern Song Dynasty (1111 AD), there were eight counties, which were subordinate to one army and four prefectures: Gaoyao county and Sihui county were subordinate to Xingqing army; HUAIJI County was subordinate to Guangzhou; FENGCHUAN county and Kaijian county were subordinate to Fengzhou; Xinxing County was subordinate to Xinzhou; Duanxi county and Longshui county were subordinate to Kangzhou; they were all under Guangnan East Road. In the first year of Chonghe (1118 AD), Emperor Huizong of Song Dynasty granted the Xingqing army Zhaoqing Prefecture, which still governed Gaoyao and Sihui counties.
In the first year of Chonghe in Song Dynasty (1118 AD), Zhao Ji, Emperor Huizong of Song Dynasty, was granted the title of Duan king before he ascended the throne. Therefore, he personally granted a letter to the emperor and changed Duanzhou to Zhaoqing, which means "the beginning of happiness and auspiciousness". Since then, the name of Zhaoqing has been used to this day. The Yuan Dynasty is the rule of Lu, and the Ming and Qing Dynasties are the rule of Fu.
In the 17th year of Yuan Dynasty (1280 A.D.), Zhaoqing mansion was changed to Zhaoqing Road, and the general manager mansion was set up, which belonged to Guangxi Road (in the 29th year, it was changed to Guangdong Road). In the first year of Zhishun (1330 AD), there were 7 counties with 2 roads and 2 prefectures: Duanxi county and Longshui county with 2 Deqing roads; Gaoyao county and Sihui county with 2 Zhaoqing roads; FENGCHUAN county and Kaijian county with 2 prefectures; Xinxing County with 2 prefectures; all of them belong to Jiangxi Province. In 1278, HUAIJI County was transferred to Hezhou, xingzhongshu province; in 1363, it belonged to Hezhou, xingzhongshu province.
In the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1368 A.D.), it was renamed Zhaoqing Prefecture, and was subordinate to the Department of Guangdong political envoys. Zhaoqing Prefecture leads five counties and one Prefecture: Gaoyao, Sihui, Xinxing, Yangchun, Yangjiang and Deqing. In 1475 A.D., Gaoming county was set up in Gaoyao County, and Enping county was set up in 14a.d. In the fifth year of Jiajing (1526 AD), the eastern part of Gaoyao was set up as Sanshui County; in the 38th year of Jiajing, the fourth part was set up as Guangning County. In the fifth year of Wanli (1577 AD), Longshui county was upgraded to Luoding prefecture (lingdong'an county and Xining county), and Zhili was the chief minister of Guangdong. At this point, Zhaoqing government led: Deqing Prefecture, Gaoyao, Sihui, Xinxing, Yangjiang, Yangchun, Guangning, Gaoming and Enping. HUAIJI County belongs to Wuzhou Prefecture of Guangxi.
In 1564, the governor's office of Guangdong and Guangxi moved from Wuzhou in Guangxi to Zhaoqing. It took 182 years to move to Guangzhou in 1746. In 1646, Zhu Youlang took Zhaoqing government office as his palace, ascended the throne and became emperor, and changed his name to Yongli.
In the early Qing Dynasty, it was made in the Ming Dynasty. Zhaoqing Prefecture is Guangzhao Luodao administrative office, which is under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province. Kaiping county was set up in the sixth year of Shunzhi (1649 AD); Heshan county was set up in the ninth year of Yongzheng (1731 AD). In 1870, Yangjiang county was promoted to Zhili hall, and Yangchun county and Enping county were cut off. In 1908, HUAIJI County was changed from Wuzhou Prefecture to Xindu Hall of Pingyue Prefecture.
In the Qing Dynasty, there were roads between the province and the government, such as zhaoluo Road, Zhaoyang road and guangzhaoluo road. Most of the platforms were located in Zhaoqing. After 1912, Zhaoqing was set up as zhaoluo military and political branch, Zhaoyang Luo garrison envoy office and northwest military appeasement Committee Executive Office; in 1936, the second office of Guangdong provincial administrative inspector general was set up, with jurisdiction over 12 counties.
Since the founding of the people's Republic of China, Zhaoqing has always been the residence of Gaoyao County, Zhaoqing Municipal People's government and Zhaoqing regional administrative office. In March 1988, Zhaoqing was changed into a city under provincial jurisdiction, with jurisdiction over Duanzhou and Dinghu districts and 10 counties including Gaoyao, Guangning, Sihui, Xinxing, Luoding, Yunfu, Deqing, Yunnan, Fengkai and HUAIJI.
In December 1992, with the consent of the people's Government of Zhaoqing City, Dawang comprehensive economic zone was established
Chinese PinYin : Guang Dong Sheng Zhao Qing Shi
Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:21:15
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