Zunyi, abbreviated as "Zunyi", was a prefecture level city in Guizhou Province in ancient times. By the end of 2019, Zunyi has jurisdiction over three districts, seven counties, two ethnic autonomous counties, two entrusted cities and one new district. They are Honghuagang District, Huichuan District, Bozhou District, Tongzi County, Suiyang County, Zheng'an County, Daozhen Gelao and Miao Autonomous County, Wuchuan Gelao and Miao Autonomous County, Fenggang county, Meitan County, Yuqing County, Xishui County, Renhuai City, Chishui City and Xinpu new area. The city has 253 townships (streets) and 2073 urban and rural communities, including 1454 urban communities and 619 rural communities. The total area is 30762 square kilometers, the built-up area is 120 square kilometers, the permanent resident population is 6270700, the urban population is 3124200, and the urbanization rate is 49%.
Zunyi is located in Southwest China and Northern Guizhou, with Guiyang in the south, Chongqing in the north and Sichuan in the West. It is the core area and main corridor of the corridor of Chengdu Chongqing central Guizhou Economic Zone. It is the bridgehead, main position and leading area of Guizhou Chongqing cooperation. It is a national all-round tourism demonstration area and an important transportation hub connecting South and North, East and West, and connecting rivers and seas in Southwest China. It belongs to subtropical monsoon climate, with cool and humid temperature all year round, no severe cold in winter, no severe heat in summer, abundant rainfall and sufficient sunshine.
Zunyi is one of the first batch of national historical and cultural cities. It has world cultural heritage Hailongtun and World Natural Heritage Chishui Danxia. It enjoys the titles of China's longevity town, China's Magnolia Town, China's Honeysuckle Town, China's high-quality green tea producing area, China's famous tea town and China's guitar manufacturing town. It has won the titles of national civilized city, National Forest City, national health city and Shuangyong At the same time, it is also the hometown of Maotai, one of China's three famous liquor "five Swords".
In 1935, the Communist Party of China held the famous "Zunyi Conference" in Zunyi, which became the turning point of the party's life and death, known as the "turning city and conference capital".
In ancient times, human beings lived and multiplied in Zunyi. The fossils of human teeth found in yanhuidong Paleolithic cultural site in Tongzi County are 206-240000 years ago. A large number of stone implements and bones, as well as rich fire relics, have been excavated from the Neolithic human sites in Ma'anshan, Tongzi County, 18000 years ago. In Chishui City and Xishui County of Chishui River Basin, many ancient human tools such as stone axes, stone axes and stone net pendants have been found.
During the spring and Autumn period from the 8th to the 5th century BC, Zunyi City was one of the states in succession or separately. During the Warring States period, Zunyi today belongs to the "dayelang kingdom".
In the fifth year of Yuanguang (130 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, Qianwei county was set up to govern Biexian County, which is near the downtown area of Zunyi today. In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC), juke county was set up in yelangdi. As a state, the name of yelangguo, which had existed for more than 250 years, disappeared.
The name of Yelang county was abolished in the Five Dynasties, restored in the Northern Song Dynasty, and abolished in 1120, which lasted for 480 years. Since then, the name of "Yelang" has never appeared in Chinese history. As a secondary administrative region, the names of States and counties have been changed frequently in the past dynasties.
In the 13th year of Tang Zhenguan (639), Lang Zhou in Sui Dynasty was renamed Bozhou, which governed a large area of Northern Guizhou. The name of Bozhou lasted for 962 years from Five Dynasties, Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty to the end of Ming Dynasty. Therefore, people often use "Bozhou" to replace Zunyi in ancient times.
In 642, Luomeng county was renamed Zunyi County. This is the earliest name of Zunyi. Zunyi's name has been used for 1364 years. In addition to the name of the county, there have been such names as zunyizhai, zunyijun, Zunyi Junmin government, Zunyi government, Zunyi District, Zunyi administrative office and Zunyi City in history. During the 725 years from the end of Tang Dynasty to the end of Ming Dynasty, Bozhou was ruled by Yang chieftains.
At the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, Yang Wengui, a native of Bozhou, was attached to the land. In 1239, Kuizhou road was one of the four roads in Chuanxia during the Southern Song Dynasty.
Yuan was the Propaganda Department of Bozhou. In 1372, Hongwu belonged to Sichuan Province, in 1382, it was changed to Guizhou Dusi, and in 1394, it was changed to Sichuan Chengshi minister.
After the "Pingbo battle" in the 28th year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty (1600), the chieftain system was abolished and the system of "returning the land to Liu" was implemented. In the next year, the Prefecture was divided into two "military and civilian governments" of Zunyi and Pingyue, which were subordinate to Sichuan and Guizhou provinces respectively. In the 29th year of Wanli (1601), the Junmin government of Zunyi was rebuilt, and the xuanweisi xibaitianba was moved.
During the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, the word "military and civilian" was abolished and named Zunyi Prefecture directly. Today, most areas of Zunyi city belong to these two prefectures, and some areas belong to Shiqian Prefecture and Sinan Prefecture. In 1727, Zunyi Prefecture was under the jurisdiction of Guizhou Province.
In the early years of the Republic of China, the government system was abolished. In 1935, there were 11 administrative supervision districts in Guizhou Province, and more than ten counties in northern Guizhou were the fifth.
In November 1949, Zunyi was liberated, and the "fifth administrative supervision area" was changed into Zunyi special area, later called Zunyi area, which was the agency of the provincial government. Zunyi City was built on the basis of the original Zunyi County.
From 1951 to 1961, Zunyi City and Zunyi County were divided and integrated for many times.
In 1955, 17 townships in Tongzi County of Guizhou Province were assigned to Chongqing. In 1956, two villages in Qijiang County of Chongqing were assigned to Wushui County of Guizhou Province. In 1979, five Township production teams in Qijiang County of Chongqing city were assigned to Xishui County of Guizhou Province, and three production teams in Xishui County of Guizhou Province were assigned to Qijiang County of Chongqing city.
By 1989, Zunyi had jurisdiction over one city and 13 counties, namely Zunyi City (county level, regional administrative center), Zunyi County, Xishui County, Chishui County, Renhuai County, Tongzi County, Meitan County, Fenggang county, Yuqing County, Suiyang County, Daozhen County, Zheng'an county and Wuchuan County.
In 1990, with the approval of the State Council, Chishui county was abolished and Chishui City at the county level was established, which is still under the jurisdiction of Zunyi Prefecture.
In 1994, with the approval of the State Council, Renhuai county was abolished and Renhuai City at the county level was established, still under the jurisdiction of Zunyi Prefecture.
In 1997, the State Council approved the abolition of Zunyi Prefecture and the establishment of prefecture level Zunyi City. Zunyi City at the county level was abolished and Honghuagang District was set up. Chishui City and Renhuai City were changed into provincial cities. Prefecture Level Zunyi City has jurisdiction over one district and ten counties, and the municipal government is located in Honghuagang District.
In 1998, Guizhou provincial government decided to entrust Chishui City and Renhuai City to Zunyi City.
In 2004, approved by the State Council, Huichuan district was composed of urban areas north of Shanghai Road in Honghuagang District and some towns in north of Zunyi County. So far, Zunyi has jurisdiction over two districts, two cities and ten counties.
On May 4, 2009, Xinpu new area, composed of Xinpu Town, Honghuagang District, Zunyi City and Xinzhou Town, Zunyi County, was officially established.
On July 1, 2013, Renhuai City began to carry out the pilot project of directly administrating county by province, but the administrative division system, organization specifications and the management system of justice, National People's Congress and Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference remained unchanged, and the statistics and assessment of economic and social development data were included in Zunyi City.
In March 2016, the State Council agreed to abolish Zunyi County and establish Bozhou District of Zunyi City. The former Zunyi county (excluding shanpen Town, Zhima Town, Shawan Town, Maoshi Town, Songlin Town, Xinzhou Town, Xiazi Town, Sandu Town, Yongle Town and Laba town) is the administrative area of Bozhou district. And agreed to put shanpen Town, Zhima Town, Shawan Town, Maoshi town and Songlin town of Zunyi County under the jurisdiction of Huichuan District of Zunyi City. It is agreed that Xinzhou Town, Xiazi Town, Sandu Town, Yongle Town, Laba town of Zunyi County and Beijing Road street of Huichuan District of Zunyi City will be put under the jurisdiction of Honghuagang District of Zunyi City.
As of the end of March 2016, Zunyi city had jurisdiction over three districts and nine counties, entrusted with Chishui City and some rights of Renhuai City.
On January 4, 2016, Zunyi city established the southern New District, which is located at the junction of Honghuagang District and Bozhou District of Zunyi City, Guizhou Province.
From July 1, 2019, Renhuai City will be directly under the provincial government and will be managed by Zunyi City.
Zunyi has 14 county-level administrative divisions (3 municipal districts, 2 county-level cities, 9 counties) and 253 township level administrative divisions (49 streets, 182 towns, 22 townships). It covers an area of 30750 square kilometers and has a population of 7.72 million. Zunyi Municipal People's government is located in Fuqian Road, Honghuagang District.
Zunyi city is located in the north of Guizhou Province. It is located in the important area of the comprehensive development of the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River and the central Guizhou Economic Zone, the core area and main corridor of the corridor of Chengdu Chongqing central Guizhou Economic Zone, and the bridgehead, main position and leading area of Guizhou Chongqing cooperation. It is an important transportation hub connecting north and south, East and West, and connecting rivers and seas in Southwest China. It is between 106 ° 17 ′ 22 ″ - 107 ° 26 ′ 25 ″ E and 27 ° 13 ′ 15 ″ - 28 ° 04 ′ 09 ″ n. The city extends 247.5 kilometers from east to west and 232.5 kilometers from north to south. Zunyi city is adjacent to Tongren City (Guizhou Province), Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture (Guizhou Province) and Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (Guizhou Province) in the East, Guiyang City (Guizhou Province) and Bijie City (Guizhou Province) in the south, Luzhou City (Sichuan Province) in the West and Chongqing City in the north. The central city is 144 kilometers south to Guiyang, the provincial capital, and 239 kilometers north to Chongqing. Zunyi City covers an area of 30780.73km2, accounting for 17.46% of Guizhou Province.
Zunyi city is located in the slope zone of transition from Yunnan Guizhou Plateau to Hunan hills and Sichuan Basin
Chinese PinYin : Gui Zhou Sheng Zun Yi Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:45:03
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