Yichang Yichang is a prefecture level city in Hubei Province, a regional central city in the central region, a sub central city in Hubei Province and a member of the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River approved by the State Council. As of 2020, the city had jurisdiction over 5 municipal districts, 3 county-level cities, 3 counties and 2 autonomous counties, with a total area of 21 thousand square kilometers, 4 million 137 thousand and 900 residents, and 3 million 909 thousand and 400 registered residence population, and 426 billion 142 million yuan in 2020.
Yichang is located in Central China, the southwest of Hubei Province, and the boundary between the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River. It is known as "the gateway of the Three Gorges" and "the throat of Sichuan and Hubei". Yichang was called Yiling in ancient times, which was named after "Yiling comes from the water and Yiling comes from the mountain". In the Qing Dynasty, Yichang was renamed "Yichang" with the meaning of "suitable for prosperity". Yichang is the hometown of historical and cultural celebrities Qu Yuan and Wang Zhaojun. It is the site of the Three Gorges Dam and Gezhouba Dam. It is known as the "hydropower capital of the world".
Yichang is an important comprehensive transportation hub in Hubei Province, with Han Yi Expressway, Han Yi high-speed railway, Jiaozhou Liuzhou railway, national highway 318 and other transportation arteries. On April 2, 2017, Yichang area of China (Hubei) pilot free trade zone was officially unveiled.
In 2020, Yichang won the "four consecutive titles" of the national civilized cities, ranking 51st among the top 100 cities in China in terms of comprehensive strength, and Yidu and Zhijiang under its jurisdiction rank among the top 100 county economy and the national civilized cities. On July 20, 2020, Yichang City decided to implement the 2.5-day flexible vacation system.
Yichang has a long history. There are activities of "Changyang people" in the Qingjiang River Basin of Yichang. The discovery of dozens of Neolithic sites in the territory proves that the ancestors of the Chinese nation lived on this land seven or eight thousand years ago.
Yichang belonged to the Xiling tribe in ancient times. According to the records of Yichang Prefecture, Yiling was the site of ancient Jingzhou in the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. "It was the Western fortress of Chu in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, with a city built.". In the 26th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 BC), prefectures and counties were set up, and Yiling was changed to Wuxian. Most of Yichang city belongs to Nanjun. In the Western Han Dynasty, Yiling belonged to South County of Jingzhou. In 208, Yiling was changed to Linjiang county. In the 15th year of Jian'an (210), Linjiang county was changed into Yidu County, leading four counties, including Yidu (now Yichang), Zigui, Zhijiang and Yidao (now Yidu).
In the Three Kingdoms period, in the first year of Huangwu (222), Yiling was changed to Xiling County, also known as Yidu county. During the Taikang period of Jin Dynasty (280-289), it was changed into Yiling county. Yichang was named in the Eastern Jin Dynasty when another county was set up in the west of Fenyi Mausoleum (between huangniuyan and Heiyan on the South Bank of the Yangtze River). The implication is that the county should be set up in order to make the country prosperous.
In the southern and Northern Dynasties, song and Qi were the same as Jin. Liang changed Yidu county to Yizhou, Western Wei to tuozhou, Northern Zhou to xiazhou.
In the third year of Daye of Sui Dynasty (607), xiazhou was changed into Yiling County, which had jurisdiction over Yiling, Yidao, Changyang and Yuan'an counties. Yiling county was under the jurisdiction of Jingzhou Prefecture. In the early Tang Dynasty, Yiling county was changed to xiazhou, which led the above four counties and belonged to Shannan Dongdao. Tianbao was changed to Yiling county at the beginning. In the first year of Qianyuan Dynasty (758), xiazhou was rebuilt, and it still belonged to Shannan Dongdao.
In the Five Dynasties, xiazhou, Jingzhou and Guizhou were the states of Nanping. In the Northern Song Dynasty, it was called xiazhou, belonging to Jinghu North Road, and still under the jurisdiction of the original Yiling four counties. During the Yuanfeng period (1078-1085), Xia was changed to Xia.
In the 17th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1280), xiazhou was upgraded to xiazhou Road, leading the original four counties, belonging to the North Road of Jinghu in Henan Province. In the early Ming Dynasty, xiazhou road was changed to xiazhou capital. In 1376, xiazhou was changed into Yiling Prefecture, which led Yidu County, Changyang County and Yuan'an county. Yiling Prefecture was under the jurisdiction of Jingzhou Prefecture of Huguang Prefecture.
In 1647, Yiling Prefecture was subordinate to Jingzhou Prefecture. In the fifth year of Shunzhi, Yiling was changed to Yiling. In 1735, Yiling Prefecture was promoted to Yichang Prefecture, and Yiling county was changed to Donghu County, which was the seat of Yichang Prefecture. It led five counties, including Donghu, Xingshan, Badong, Changyang, Changle, Guizhou and Hefeng, and was subordinate to Jingyi Shidao. Yidu, Zhijiang, Dangyang and Yuan'an belong to Jingzhou Prefecture. In 1876, the Sino British Treaty of Yantai was signed, and Yichang was opened as a trading port. The next year, Yichang set up a customs and officially opened to the outside world.
In the early years of the Republic of China, the government and prefecture system was abolished, and the three-level system of province, state and county was implemented. In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Donghu county was changed to Yichang County, and Xingshan, Zigui, Badong, Changyang, Wufeng, Hefeng counties belong to Jingnan road. Dangyang and Yuan'an belong to Xiangnan road. In 1922, Yichang belonged to jingyidao.
In 1932 and 1936, Yichang, Yidu, Dangyang, Yuan'an, Xingshan, Zigui, Changyang and Wufeng were the ninth and sixth administrative supervision districts, respectively. The office of the commissioner was located in Yichang county. Zhijiang County successively belongs to the seventh and fourth administrative supervision district of Hubei Province. In August 1948, the Jianghan District Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to formally establish the fourth Commissioner's Office (also known as Xiangxi special office). In 1949, it was changed to Dangyang special office. On May 20, Yichang Commissioner's office was set up in Dangyang, and in the same month, Yichang party and government leading group was set up in Dangyang. On June 11, the CPC Yichang municipal committee and Yichang municipal people's government were formally established in lujiawan, Dangyang. On July 16, Yichang city was liberated. The CPC Yichang special office and Yichang municipal Party and government organs moved from Dangyang to Yichang city. On November 15, Yichang city was liberated.
After the founding of new China, Hubei Province was divided into eight administrative regions. Among them, the office of the Commissioner of Yichang Administrative Region governs nine counties: Yichang, Yidu, Zhijiang, Dangyang, Yuan'an, Xingshan, Zigui, Changyang and Wufeng. At the same time, the former urban area and suburban countryside of Yichang county were set up as Yichang City, directly under the jurisdiction of Hubei Provincial People's government. In 1951, the office of the Commissioner of Yichang administrative region was changed into the office of the Commissioner of Yichang District of Hubei Provincial People's government, and in 1955 it was changed into the office of the Commissioner of Yichang, Hubei Province. In November 1954, Yichang city was changed to be under the leadership of Yichang special administration. At this time, Yichang special administration has jurisdiction over 9 counties and 1 city. At this time, Yichang Commissioner's office had jurisdiction over 8 counties and 1 city. In December 1958, Yichang Commissioner's office was abolished and the administrative office of Yidu industrial zone was established. In May 1961, the administrative office of Yidu industrial zone was abolished and Yichang Commissioner's office was established. In January 1968, Yichang regional Revolutionary Committee was established. In August 1978, the Yichang regional Revolutionary Committee was abolished and the Yichang regional administrative office was established. In June 1979, Yichang city became a provincial city. In March 1992, in order to meet the needs of reform and development, Yichang district and Yichang City were merged with the approval of the central government to implement the system of city leading county.
In 1949, when the provincial administrative region was established, it had jurisdiction over nine counties, including Yichang, Yidu, Zhijiang, Dangyang, Yuan'an, Xingshan, Zigui, Changyang and Wufeng, and another provincial city, Yichang.
In July 1955, Zhijiang county was withdrawn and its jurisdiction was merged into Yidu county. In June 1962, Zhijiang county was restored and still under the jurisdiction of Yichang special administration. So far, Yichang Office of the Commissioner has jurisdiction over 9 counties and 1 city.
In January 1971, Shennongjia forest area was under the leadership of Yichang region, and in March 1972, it became a provincial forest area.
On July 13, 1984, the State Council approved the abolition of Changyang County and Wufeng county and the establishment of two Tujia Autonomous Counties, Changyang and Wufeng, respectively, to implement regional ethnic autonomy.
On December 13, 1986, the State Council approved Yichang to set up three county-level administrative regions, namely Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun.
On November 30, 1987, the State Council approved the abolition of Yidu county and the establishment of Zhicheng (renamed as Yidu City on June 11, 1998).
On October 22, 1988, the State Council approved the withdrawal of Dangyang County into a city.
Since March 1992, Yichang has governed seven counties (Yichang County, Zhijiang County, Yuan'an County, Xingshan County, Zigui County, Changyang Tujia Autonomous County and Wufeng Tujia Autonomous County), two cities (Zhicheng City and Dangyang city) and three districts (Xiling District, Wujiagang district and Dianjun District).
On March 21, 1995, the State Council approved the establishment of Yiting District, Yichang city.
On July 30, 1996, the State Council approved that Zhijiang county should be set up as a city instead of a county.
On March 22, 2001, the State Council approved the abolition of Yichang county and the establishment of Yiling District. So far, Yichang has jurisdiction over 5 districts, 5 counties and 3 cities.
On December 12, 2017, the CPC Xiling District yaowan sub District Working Committee and Xiling District yaowan sub district office were unveiled, and yaowan sub district office was officially established.
Yichang has 13 county-level administrative regions, including 5 municipal districts, 3 county-level cities, 3 counties and 2 autonomous counties, namely Xiling District, Wujiagang District, Dianjun District, Yiting District, Yiling District, Yidu City, Dangyang city, Zhijiang City, Yuan'an County, Xingshan County, Zigui County, Changyang Tujia Autonomous County and Wufeng Tujia Autonomous County. Yichang municipal people's government is located at 102 Yanjiang Avenue, Xiling District.
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Yichang city is located in the southwest of Hubei Province, at the junction of the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the transition zone from Wuling mountains and Qinba Mountains in Western Hubei to Jianghan Plain. It spans between 110 ° 15 '- 112 ° 04' e and 29 ° 56 '- 31 ° 34' n with a maximum transverse distance of 174.08 km from east to west and a maximum longitudinal distance of 180.6 km from north to south. It is adjacent to Jingzhou City and Jingmen City in the East, Shimen County in Hunan Province in the south, Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture in the west, Shennongjia forest region and Xiangyang City in the north. The total area is 21227 square kilometers.
Geographical environment of Yichang City
Chinese PinYin : Hu Bei Sheng Yi Chang Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:38:31
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