(Ben Cao Tu Jing)
[synonyms] chutun, Zhuoshu (Erya), lvjie (Xijing Zaji), zizancai, zizanshou (mengshen), zizanshou (Bencao Shiyi), zizanzhu, zizanshou, zizanzhu (Bencao tujing), zizanba (Gangmu), zizangua, zizanercai (a textual research on the names of plants).
[source] it is a spindle shaped and hypertrophic gall formed by the stimulation of Zizania latifolia black powder.
[plant morphology] Zizania (bielu), also known as jiangcao (Shuowen), Zizania jiangcao and Zizania (Tao Hongjing).
Perennial herbs. Rhizome, fibrous roots stout; culm erect, 90-180 cm high, with adventitious roots at base nodes. The leaf sheath is thick, longer than internodes, with transverse veins at the base; the ligule is membranous, slightly triangular, 15 mm long; the leaf blade is flat, linear lanceolate, 30-100 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, smooth below and rough above. The panicle is 30-60 cm long, the branches are mostly clustered, ascending or spreading at the base; the male spikelets are usually in the lower part of the inflorescence, with short stalks, often purple, 10-15 mm long, lemma with 5 veins, apex acuminate or with short awn, palea with 3 veins, stamen 6, anther 6-9 mm long; the female spikelets are mostly in the upper part of the inflorescence, 15-25 mm long, lemma with 5 rough veins, awn 15 mm long Palea 3-veined. Caryopsis cylindrical, ca. 10 mm long. It blooms in autumn.
It grows in lakes and marshes. It is distributed in the north and south of China.
The rhizome, root (Zizania latifolia L.) and fruit (Zizania latifolia L.) of this plant are also used for medicine.
Meng Shen: "cold. "
② "Materia medica collection": "sweet taste, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] 1. In Bencao Zaixin, the two meridians of "entering liver and spleen". "
② Summary of materia medica: "start with the Taiyin meridian. "
[function indications] it can relieve heat and toxin, eliminate thirst and relieve constipation. Treatment of fever, thirst, jaundice, dysentery, red eyes, wind sores.
① Meng Shen: "it can benefit the five internal organs, wrinkle the face with wine, white scabies, rashes, red eyes, toxic heat and heartache. It can be cooked with salt and vinegar. "
② "Materia medica notes": "to trouble heat, thirst, in addition to yellow eyes, diuretic, antipyretic dysentery, detoxification. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration, decoction, 1-2 Liang.
[taboo] 1. Meng Shen: "you can't eat too much while you are sliding. "It's slippery in nature and cold in the air, which makes people feel scorched and cold and injures the Yang way; it's forbidden to eat honey, which makes people suffer from chronic diseases; it's not allowed to eat Croton. "
② "Materia medica Huiyan": "cold spleen and stomach deficiency, diarrhea do not eat. "
③ According to the Diet Manual of suixiju: "do not eat if you have a smooth stool and diarrhea. "
[formula selection] ① milking: Zizania latifolia five to one or two, Tongcao three. Pig's feet are cooked. (Hunan medical records)
② Treatment of infantile wind sores for a long time: burn Zizania Jiangjie, at the end of the application. (secret records of son and mother)
Chinese PinYin : Jiao Bai
Selaginella angustifolia. Jiang Nan Juan Bai
Vitex trifolia. Chou Huang Jing Ye
Ulva lactuca. Chun
Ulmus pumila. Ci Yu
Cunjie seven. Cun Jie Qi
One legged Mandarin. Du Jiao Gan
Dried guava. Fan Shi Liu Gan
Transverse meridional lamina. Heng Jing Xi Ye
Iris leaf. Ma Lin Ye
Stem and leaf of hammerhead. Tie Bang Chui Jing Ye
Rabbit hair. Tu Zi Mao
Purple shellfish. Zi Bei