(on medicinal properties)
Ma Li (Tang materia medica) and Huang Yu (Shi Yao Er Ya).
[source] root tubers of Curcuma longa, Curcuma Curcuma or curcuma zedoary.
[plant morphology] 1. Turmeric, see "turmeric" for details.
② Curcuma, also known as turmeric (flora of Guangzhou).
Perennial perennial herbs. The root is thick and strong, and the end is expanded to grow oval tuberous root. Tuber oval, lateral, rhizome cylindrical, yellow section. Leaf basal: petiole about 5 cm long, petiole short at base, or nearly sessile, with auricles; leaf blade oblong, 15-37 cm long, 7-10 cm wide, apex caudate, base round or triangular. Spicate inflorescence, about 13 cm long; total pedicel 7-15 cm long; with sheathed leaves, basal bracts broadly ovate, several florets, born in bracts, apical bracts narrower, axillary without flowers; calyx white tubular, irregular 3-toothed; corolla tube funnel-shaped, lobes 3, pink white, upper 1 larger, both sides lobes oblong; lateral staminodes oblong, anther septate, flowers Ovary covered with hairs, style filiform, smooth or sparsely hairy, base with 2 clavate appendages, stigma slightly 2-lipped, ciliate. The flowering period is from April to June, rarely in autumn.
It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Sichuan and Yunnan.
The rhizome of this plant (turmeric or zedoary turmeric) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
③ Zedoary, detailed "Peng zedoary" article.
[collection] in winter and spring, root tubers are picked, fibrous roots are removed, soil is washed, boiled in boiling water or steamed to the core, then taken out and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] 1
Also known as: huangsiyujin, guangyujin. It is the dry root tuber of Curcuma longa. It is ovoid or long ovoid, slightly pointed at both ends, slightly full in the middle, 2-4cm long and 1-2cm in diameter in the middle. The surface is grayish yellow or light brown, with grayish white fine wrinkles and concave dots. One end shows signs of fracture, showing bright yellow, and the other end is slightly pointed. Solid quality, flat and bright cross section, horny, apricot yellow or orange yellow, there is a light color center in the middle. It has a slight aroma of ginger, pungent and bitter. It is better to be big, fat, wrinkled and orange in cross section.
It is mainly produced in Sichuan.
② Black Curcuma
Also known as: wenyujin, chuanyujin. It is the dry root of Curcuma. Long spindle shaped, slightly flat, curved, blunt at both ends, grayish black with fracture mark, 3-6 cm long, 1-1.5 cm in diameter in the middle. The surface is grayish brown with wrinkled or fine wrinkles. The cross section is dark gray and bright, with a light ring in the middle and a flat circle in the center. Without Qi, it tastes light and pungent. It is better to be big, skin less wrinkled and cross section gray black.
It is mainly produced in Zhejiang.
③ Curcuma bungeana
It is also the dry root of Curcuma. The shape is thinner and longer than that of Curcuma. The inner part of the cross-section is white (less curcumin content), and there is a yellow white ring between the inner and outer layers, and the texture is fuzzy and opaque. The taste is pungent and the aroma is poor. It is better to have a large, thin skin and strong cross section.
It is mainly produced in Sichuan.
④ Green tulip
It is the dry root of zedoary turmeric. The shape and texture are the same as those of Curcuma, but the epidermis is thick, the color of the cross section is dim, the depth is different, and less transparent. The flavor is pungent and heavy, but the aroma is not obvious.
Produced in Sichuan.
[chemical constituents] the root tuber of Curcuma Curcuma contains 6.1% volatile oil, including camphene 0.8%, camphor 2.5%, sesquiterpene 65.5%, curcumene and sesquiterpenol 22%. 3%, Demethoxycurcumin, double Demethoxycurcumin, gingeroflavone and aryl gingeroflavone. In addition, it contains 30-40% starch, 3% fatty oil, rubber, yellow dye, caraganone and oenantiene. The effective component of curcumin is p-tolyl-methylhydroxymethyl curcumin.
[pharmacological action] ① effect on lipid metabolism
After 100 days, the serum cholesterol did not decrease, but was higher than that of the control group, the phospholipid increased significantly, the β - lipoprotein and triglyceride increased slightly, but there was no difference between the two groups. In the experimental atherosclerotic rats, the serum cholesterol and C / P value were slightly increased when treated with 134 mg / 100g Curcuma powder, but it could reduce the formation of aortic and coronary intimal plaque and lipid deposition in rabbits or rats. In rabbits with hypercholesterolemia, oral administration of the ether extract of Curcuma Amada reduced the blood cholesterol from 266 mg% to 36 mg% within 3 weeks, the C / P ratio decreased accordingly, the weight of aorta decreased significantly and the weight of animals increased.
② Other functions
The water extract of Curcuma (1:3) can inhibit many kinds of pathogenic fungi in vitro. The volatile oil emulsion of Curcuma Curcuma has no effect on contraction of gallbladder in human cholecystography.
[processing] soak in water, wash, take out, dry, moisten, slice and dry.
It's hard work and cool.
① "Tang Materia Medica": "taste hard, cold, non-toxic. "
② "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "hard, flat, non-toxic. "
[meridian tropism] into the heart, lung and liver meridians.
① In the Compendium: "entering the heart and enveloping.". "
② "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the heart, lung two channels. "
③ In the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "starting with Shaoyin, foot Jueyin, and opening foot yangmingjing. "
Functions and indications: promoting qi to relieve depression, cooling blood and breaking blood stasis. It is used to treat chest, abdomen, rib pain, loss of heart, madness, fever, dizziness, hematemesis, bleeding, urination, blood drenching, women's amenorrhea, jaundice.
① "Theory of medicinal properties": "it can cure the heartache of women's blood and Qi, gather the cold air, and rub the warm vinegar to take it. "
② Tang materia medica: "it can control blood accumulation, lower Qi, generate muscle, stop bleeding, break evil blood, blood drenching, urine blood, and golden sores. "
③ Pearl bag: "cool heart. "
④ Li Gao: "the treatment of Yang toxin into the stomach, blood frequency pain. "
⑤ The supplement to the meaning of materia medica: "the treatment of depression can not be dispersed. "
⑥ "Compendium": "treatment of blood gas, heart and abdominal pain, postpartum septicemia, heart to death, loss of heart madness. "
⑦ Bencao tongxuan: "treating pox and poison into the heart. "
⑧ "Materia medica Zheng": "stop hematemesis, bleeding; only used to treat women cold air and blood accumulation, gather qi stagnation, abdominal pain. "
⑨ "Ben Cao Shu": "it can treat fever, depression, cough, toothache, coughing blood, pricking blood, headache, vertigo, mania, stagnation, drenching, eye, nose, tongue, throat, etc. "
⑩ In the book of materia medica preparation, it is said that "promoting Qi, relieving depression; discharging blood, breaking stasis. Cool heart heat, disperse liver depression. For women with retrograde meridians“
(11) Materia Medica from the new: "it can open up the depression of lung gold. "
(12) Yao Yao Fen Ji: "cool blood. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1.5 ~ 3 yuan; grind juice or put into pill or powder.
[should avoid] it should not be taken for the patients with Yin deficiency and blood loss or without qi stagnation and blood stasis. Pregnant women should take it with caution.
① Ben Cao Jing Shu
"It is not suitable to use it when the disease belongs to the extreme of true Yin deficiency, where the Yin is divided into fire, the blood is thin, and the blood overflows the upper orifices, but the Qi is divided into turbulence, and the liver Qi is uneven, so as to injure the liver and vomit blood. It is invalid even if it is used. "
② "Ben Cao Hui Yan:" bloating, diaphragmatic inversion, pain, related to stomach deficiency and blood deficiency, should not be used. "
③ "Depei Materia Medica": "Qi deficiency and distension is forbidden. "
[prescription selection] 1. To treat heart suspensions and pains: radix curcumae, Radix Scutellariae, radix paeoniae rubra, Fructus aurantii (stir fried with bran to remove the flesh), Radix Rehmanniae and Radix et Rhizoma praeparatae, and Radix et Rhizoma praeparatae. Apply medicine, file well. Take 1 minute each time, add 1 cup of water, add ginger for half a minute, fry until 6 minutes, remove dross, and boil slightly regardless of time. (shenghuifang Yujin Yinzi)
② Cure all Juexin (pain), small intestine bladder pain can not be Ninja: aconite (gun), Curcuma, ginger. The top is divided into fine pieces, vinegar boiled and paste for pills, such as Wutong, and cinnabar as garments. Each take 30 pills, men warm sprinkle, women vinegar soup, food far service. (a golden elixir of cinnabar)
③ Cure woman flank rib bilge full, because gas adverse person: tulip, wood fragrant, Curcuma, peony skin. White soup grinding clothes. (women's side notes)
④ Treatment of postpartum heartache, blood gas rush to death: Curcuma burning deposit for the last two money, a sip of rice vinegar, irrigation. (Pocket Square)
⑤ Treatment of mania due to depression, phlegm and saliva obstruction envelope orifices: alum three Liang, Curcuma seven Liang. Rice paste for the ball, Wuzi big. Take 50 pills each time and send them under water. (benshifang Baijin pill)
⑥ Treatment of epilepsy: Chuanxiong two liang, Fangfeng, Yujin, zhuya Zaojiao, alum each one or two, centipede two (yellow, barefoot each one). On the end, steamed cake pills, such as Tung big. Hollow tea Qingxia 15 pills. (yujindan in the wonderful prescription for life)
⑦ Wind phlegm: Curcuma a point, Veratrum ten. Each for the end, and make even. Every time you take a word, use a cup of warm syrup. First, adjust it with less syrup. Gargle the rest with water, then press it with food. (behind the experience)
⑧ Treatment of hematemesis: Curcuma for the end, water take two money, even again. (on simple formulas)
⑨ Treatment of hematemesis: use leek juice, ginger juice and children's stool to grind Curcuma and drink it together. (Danxi Xinfa)
⑩ Treatment of blood and urine: Turmeric one or two, pounding for the end, scallion white a grip phase, with water a cup, fried to three, to dross, warm, three days to take. (empirical formula)
(11) for the treatment of blood drenching, upset heart, astringency and pain in waterways, and for the treatment of small intestinal heat accumulation, and bleeding in urine: dried Rehmannia glutinosa, Curcuma Curcuma and pollen Typhae. The upper part is divided into fine parts. Every time before eating, fry plantain cotyledon soup to transfer a money, wine transfer also get. (PU Ji Fang Yu Jin San)
(12) Yang poison into the stomach blood, frequency pain can not bear: Curcuma five big, bezoar a Gleditsia seed (don't grind fine). Both of them are powder. Take a cup of vinegar syrup, boil it three times, take it warm. (Sun Yonghe)
For the treatment of gangrene, it has yellow lips and mouth, abdominal distension and shortness of breath: one or two tulips, one ox gall (dry), musk (Research) and half money. Every time I take half a dagger, I draw water to adjust it,
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