[synonyms] genkwa (Shanhaijing), Qushui (Benjing), Baihua, Chiyuan, Ercao (Wupu materia medica), Duyu, duyuan (bielu), toutonghua (compendium), meitouhua, mousehua (donghuanjicheng), naoyuhua (Chinese tree taxonomy), miantiaohua (Jiangsu botanical records), yuantiaohua, yedinghua (Shandong traditional Chinese medicine), Jiulong Flowers, floating grass, cotton (Hunan medical records), silver belt, small leaf gold belt (Jiangxi herbal medicine).
[source] it is the flower bud of Daphne genkwa.
[plant morphology] Daphne genkwa
Deciduous shrub, up to 1 m high. The stem is slender and erect, with silky pubescence when young. Leaves usually opposite, occasionally alternate, elliptic to oblong, 3-5.5 cm long and 5-20 cm wide, slightly leathery, all green, apex pointed, sparsely silky villous on both sides when young, densely veined, gradually falling off when old; petioles short, densely pubescent. Flowers: first leaves open, lilac, usually from the top of branches, axils, 3-7 clusters; flowers enzymatic, no petals; calyx cylindrical and thin, about 1 cm long, densely covered with silky pubescence, apex 4-lobed, lobes ovate, less than 1 cm long; stamens 8, 2-whorled, attached to calyx tube, without filaments; pistil 1, ovary superior, 1-locular, style very short or absent, stigma capitate. Drupe leathery, white. 1 seed, black. The flowering period is from February to April. The fruiting period is May.
It grows on roadside, hillside or garden. Distributed in Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Shandong, Henan, Hebei, Shaanxi and other places.
The root of this plant (genkwa genkwa root) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] in spring, the flowers were picked before they opened, and the impurities were removed, then dried or dried.
[herbal medicine] the dried buds are bent or slightly flattened, about 1 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter, usually single or 3-7 in clusters. The upper end is slightly expanded, split into 4 pieces, light yellow brown, the lower end is thin, gray brown, densely covered with white villi. The flower center is hard and purplish red. The whole flower is soft. The gas is slightly fragrant, long smell can cause headache, taste slightly sweet. Chew it spicy. The flower buds are many and neat. Lavender is better.
Produced in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Shandong, Fujian, Hubei and other places.
In addition to the above varieties, there are yellow genkwa, which is the dried flower bud of Heshuo genkwa. It is similar to Wuhua but slightly smaller, about 0.3-1 cm long. The surface is grayish green or grayish yellow with white fine villi.
Produced in Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia and other places, also used equally.
[chemical constituents] genkwa contains genkwanin, hydroxygenkwanin, apigenin, sitosterol, benzoic acid and irritant oil.
[processing] Daphne genkwa: clean up the impurities and screen out the soil. Vinegar Daphne genkwa: remove the Daphne genkwa, mix it with vinegar, moisten it thoroughly, stir fry it in a pot with slow fire until the vinegar is absorbed, and it turns yellowish. Take it out and dry it. (100kg Yuanhua, 25kg vinegar)
① Tao Hongjing: "Yuanhua, you can't use it near your eyes. "
② Compendium: "Yuanhua is good if it has been kept for several years. When using it, boil it with good vinegar, remove the vinegar, soak it in water for one night, and dry it in the sun, then poison will be eliminated, or stir fry it with vinegar. "
It's hard, warm and poisonous.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes pungent and warm. "
② Bielu: "bitter, slightly warm, with little poison. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "there is great poison. "
[meridian tropism] entering lung and spleen meridians.
① "Entering the Taiyang bladder meridian. "
② "Depei Materia Medica": "start with the Taiyin Sutra. "
③ "Seeking truth from Materia Medica": entering spleen, lung and kidney. "
Functions and indications: expelling water and removing phlegm. It is used to treat phlegm retention, asthma, cough, edema, hypochondriac pain, abdominal swelling, food poisoning, malaria, carbuncle and swelling.
① Ben Jing: "it is mainly used for cough, adverse upper Qi, throat wheezing, pharyngeal swelling, shortness of breath, ghost malaria, hernia, carbuncle and swelling. "
② Bielu: "eliminate phlegm and water in the chest, like saliva, edema, five water in the five Zang skin and low back pain, lower cold poison, meat poison. "
③ "Theory of medicinal properties": "it is used to treat the fullness of the heart and abdomen, remove the moisture, benefit the five internal organs, cold phlegm, and the mucus and saliva are like glue. It is mainly used to dredge the blood vessels, treat ulcers, rheumatism and dampness, all poisonous wind, acute contracture of limbs, unable to walk, able to diarrhea, edema and fullness. "
④ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": treating cough and malaria. "
⑤ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "to treat water, drink phlegm and argue, lower limb pain. "
⑥ "Materia medica primitive": "fried juice stains silk thread, Department hemorrhoids easy to fall, (and) department tumor. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 coin; or into pills, powder. External use: grind the end to adjust to apply or decoct water to gargle.
[taboo] it is forbidden for pregnant women with weak constitution.
"Jueming" is the chief envoy in the book of Materia Medica. Anti licorice. "
[prescription selection] ① for Taiyang apoplexy, Xiali, oui, express solution, the person's sweating, attack sometimes, headache, heart fullness, hypochondriac pain, retching shortness of breath, sweating is not averse to cold: genkwa (boil), kansui, Euphorbia. The first three ingredients are divided into equal parts, and each one is pounded into powder. Take one liter and a half of water to boil ten jujubes first. Take eight ingredients, remove the dross, put the medicine powder inside, and make a strong man float a dagger. If you take half of the money, you can take it gently, and you can take it even. If you can't get rid of a few diseases, you'll have to take it tomorrow. If you add half a dollar, you'll have to make a quick profit and then eat porridge to support yourself. (Shizao Decoction in Treatise on Febrile Diseases)
② Cough for stroke: 1 liter of Daphne genkwa. Three liters of water, boil one liter, remove dross, 14 jujubes, fry to make juice, one day to eat, three days to end. (behind the elbow)
③ For the treatment of water diseases, the whole body is slightly swollen, and the abdomen is large, so it is hard to eat and drink: genkwa (slightly fried), kansui (slightly fried), rhubarb (filed, stir fried with vinegar), Tingli (stir fried to make purple), Croton (heart removed, skin, bran fried, oil exhausted) 40 pieces. On the five flavors, mash for the end, refining honey for the pill, such as bean big, each take, drink three pills, do not know, slightly increased to five pills, to know for degree. (small digestive pill in Shengji Zonglu)
④ Treatment of Gu Zhang: Maple shell and genkwa are equally divided. Soak the Wutong with vinegar and vinegar, then boil the bitter orange, and then stir up the Daphne. Take several pills and warm white soup. (Puji Fang Zhizhuwan)
⑤ Seven or eight days after the treatment, heat accumulated in the chest and became restless and wanted to die: one liter of Daphne genkwa, three liters of water, and one and a half liters of boiling water were used, so the cloth was thin on the chest. However, the three thin, hot that in addition, when warm limbs protect Jue inverse also. (Qian Jin Fang Ning Xue Tang)
⑥ In the middle of the year of the mother's treatment of malaria, she suffered from vomiting, sweating and diarrhea, and the loss of honor and health. Her evil Qi was hidden in her flanks. She became a hundred addicts, and her abdomen and flanks were firm and painful. For the end, refining honey pills, such as beans. After taking the decoction, take it. (Xiaopi pill in renzhaizhizhifang)
⑦ Carbuncle treatment: Yao flower for the end, glue and such as porridge. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑧ Treatment of acute mastitis, and treatment of deep abscess: Yuanhua two money to one or two, three to five eggs. After the eggs are cooked, peel off the shell, prick a few small holes, and then cook them until the eggs turn black. Eat the eggs and drink the soup once or twice a day, one or two at a time. If you feel dizzy or nauseous after taking it, you can eat eggs instead of soup. If the reaction is serious, take Acorus calamus decoction. Pregnant women should not take it. Don't take it with licorice. (selected materials of Jiangsu new Chinese herbal medicine therapy exhibition)
⑨ Treatment of alopecia vulgaris: Daphne genkwa powder, pig fat and apply it. (jixiaofang)
⑩ To cure toothache, if all kinds of medicine have no effect: grind Daphne genkwa as powder, rub the pain to make it hot. (Yuanhua powder in Wei's family collection)
(11) treatment of small tumor: first, use licorice ointment, dip the brush around the tumor, dry and then make up again, for three times, and then use medicine: Euphorbia, genkwa, licorice (equal parts), with rice vinegar as the end, do not apply the pen makeup, not close to licorice. The next day, it was reduced, and then it was strengthened three times with licorice ointment. In the middle, Euphorbia, Daphne genkwa and licorice were still used, as before, and naturally scorched. (Shi Yi De Xiao Fang)
(12) for heartache, there are insects: one or two Yuanhua (stir fried with wax) and one realgar. For the end, each serving a word, warm vinegar soup. (business in heaven and earth)
To cure all kinds of pain: half of Yuanhua (boiled with vinegar) and half of yanhusuo (fried). At the end of the day, one money for each service. Malaria, under Wumei Decoction; women's blood Qi pain, under Angelica wine; all kinds of Qi pain, under Xiangfu Decoction; small intestine Qi pain, under fennel decoction. (Ren Cun Tang experience prescription)
(4) treatment of alcohol jaundice, heart chagrin, full feet and shins, yellow urine, red spots, yellow and black after drinking, caused by drunk when the wind into the water: Yuanhua, JiaoMu, etc. Burn powder, take half money, once or twice a day. (patch behind elbow)
The treatment of all bacteria and poisons: Yuanhua Shengyan, new water to take a money, in order to benefit the degree. (Shi Yi De Xiao Fang)
The Wutong flower is a mixture of one or two yuan (one or two), Angelica (one or two), and the heart of Guangxi. Take ten pills with hot wine before each meal. (Sheng Hui Fang)
She coughed suddenly. Use one liter of Daphne genkwa, add three liters of water to boil one liter of juice. Add 14 jujubes to the juice and boil them dry. If you eat five jujubes a day, you will get better.
(18) cough and phlegm. Stir fry one or two Daphne genkwa, add one liter of water, bring to a boil four times, remove the residue, and then add half a jin of sugar. Take about a large amount of jujube each time. Avoid acid and salt.
(19) retching hypochondriac pain (typhoid fever, sometimes headache, heart fullness, pain leads to two hypochondriac, retching shortness of breath, sweating but not aversion to cold). With genkwa (endure), kansui, Euphorbia, etc., divided into the end. Take ten jujubes, 1.5 liter of water, boil them into eight parts, then remove the dregs and take the medicine. Take one for the strong and half for the weak in the morning. If you can diarrhea, you can get rid of the disease. Otherwise, you can take medicine the next morning. This prescription is called "Shizao Decoction".
(13) edema. With the top (ten jujube soup) increase yellow, licorice five things each one or two, jujube ten, with boiling, such as the law. Another prescription: add one or two nitrates to the medicine.
(21) chronic malaria, abdominal pain. With Yuanhua (fried) two liang, cinnabar five money, a total of research for the end, add honey to make balls, such as Wuzi big
Chinese PinYin : Yuan Hua
Release Time:2022-01-27 03:51:22
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