(records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
[alias] notopterygium Notopterygii (classified herbal medicine) and Zingiber officinale (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] rhizome of Zingiberaceae.
[plant morphology] Zingiber officinale, also known as iris.
Perennial herbs, 1-2 m high. Stem erect. Leaves sessile, oblong lanceolate to lanceolate, 10-50 cm long, 3-11 cm wide, apex acuminate, glabrous or abaxially thinly covered with sparse hairs, tongue distinct, 1-3 cm long. Spikes are oval, thick, 5-20 cm long and 4-8 cm wide; bracts are green, ovate or obovate, 4-5 cm long, apex rounded or short pointed, with 2-3 flowers inside: fragrant and white flowers; calyx tubular glabrous, about 4 cm long, apex cracked on one side; corolla tube about 8 cm long, lobes linear lanceolate, about 4 cm long; labellum obovate or obcordate, 5-4 cm in diameter Staminodes are oblong, 4-5 cm long and 2-2.6 cm wide; ovary is 3-locular; style is solitary and held by anthers. Capsule globose, 3-valved; seeds numerous, with aril. It blooms in autumn.
Born in tropical mountain valleys and lowlands. It is cultivated in Guangdong, Taiwan, Yunnan and Sichuan.
[nature and taste] records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine: "pungent in taste, warm in nature, non-toxic. "
[functions and indications] records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine: "dispel wind, disperse cold, relieve exterior sweating. Treat headache. Body temple, rheumatism, muscle and bone pain and injury. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan.
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