Chinese Name: native ginseng (Diannan materia medica)
Panicledfame flower root
[alias] Shui ginseng (Tianbao materia medica), Shen Cao, Tu Gaoli ginseng, pseudo ginseng (Chinese medicine Zhi), Tu Yangshen (Guizhou folk medicine Collection), Tu Shen, Zi ginseng (Fujian folk herbal medicine), WA Kengtou (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine Zhi), Fu Shen (Minnan folk herbal medicine), Tu Hongshen (Mindong herbal medicine), Fei Laishen (Guangzhou army's Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine), WA Kengtou (Guangxi herbal medicine Zhi), Fu Shen (Minnan folk herbal medicine), Tu Hongshen (Mindong herbal medicine), Fei Laishen (Guangzhou army's Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine), wa Kengtou Refer to the common folk herbs in Kunming.
[source] it is the root of the plant of portulaceae.
[plant morphology] Cymbidium, also known as boseland, red peony, shenshihua, cooking flower.
Annual herbs, up to 60 cm high, fleshy, all glabrous. The taproot is stout, branched and brown in appearance. The stem is cylindrical, with branches at the lower part and slightly lignified at the base. Leaves alternate: obovate, or obovate, long elliptic, 6-7 cm long, 2.5-3.5 cm wide, apex pointed or obtuse, entire, base gradually narrowed into short stalks, both sides green and smooth. The stem apex is branched into a cone-shaped flower cluster with purple green or dark green petioles; the flowers are mostly small, light purple red, about 6 mm in diameter, and the petioles are slender; the sepals are 2, ovoid, apical, caducous; the petals are 5, obovate or elliptic; the stamens are more than 10, and the filaments are thin and soft; the pistil ovary is spherical, the style is linear, the stigma is 3-cleft, and the apex is outward and slightly curved. Capsule, grayish brown when ripe, ca. 3 mm in diam. Seeds small, black, oblate. The flowering period is from June to July. The fruit period is from September to October.
It is often planted in damp places near villages. It is distributed in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Fujian, Henan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, etc.
The leaves of this plant (native ginseng) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] from August to September, after digging out, wash, remove fine roots, scrape off skin, steam and dry.
[medicinal material] the dry roots are conical in shape, 1-3cm in diameter, slightly curved in length, with lateral roots at the bottom and a few fibrous roots remaining. The meat is solid. The surface is brown and the section is milky white.
[nature and taste] Ganping.
① "South Yunnan Materia Medica": "sweet, cold. "
② Fujian folk herbal medicine: "bitter, flat.". "
③ "Nanning drug records": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: invigorating spleen, moistening lung, relieving cough and regulating menstruation. Treatment of spleen deficiency, fatigue, diarrhea, lung fatigue, expectoration with blood, dizziness, hot flashes, night sweats, sweating, irregular menstruation, bring down.
① "Yunnan Materia Medica" says: "tonifying deficiency and damaging tuberculosis, tonifying blood for women. "
② "Runfei Zhike" is one of the most important medical records in Nanning. Treatment of dry heat, cough and weakness after illness. "
③ "Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "replenish qi and blood, fill milk, help digestion, generate fluid and quench thirst. The treatment of expectoration with blood. "
④ Guangzhou army's "manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine": "Buzhong Yiqi, Runfei Shengjin, Liangxue detumescence. After treatment, body deficiency, fatigue cough, enuresis, irregular menstruation, furuncle. "
⑤ Common folk herbs in Kunming: "nourishing and strong. Treatment of dizziness, tinnitus, dizziness, women with; tuberculosis, cough, hot flashes, night sweats. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 Liang. External use: tamping.
[selected prescriptions] 1. Treatment of cough due to deficiency: tuyangshen, geshanpry, tonghuagen, Bingtang. Stewed chicken suit. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
② Treatment of polyuria: two to three taels of native ginseng and two taels of golden cherry root. A total of decoction, two or three times a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of night sweats, self perspiration: two native ginseng, a pig belly. Stewed clothes. (Mindong materia medica)
④ Cure fatigue: native ginseng five money to one or two, or add a dried cuttlefish. Stewed with wine. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of spleen deficiency diarrhea: native ginseng five money to one or two, jujube five money. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
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