(a textual research on the names and facts of plants)
[alias] hematemesis herb, arrowhead herb (Wang Lianshi's book of collecting herbs), life-saving King (Cihang book of living people), Jin Buhuan (compendium Collection), Hongjin rhubarb (Guizhou folk herbal medicine Collection), wild Artemisia seed (experimental research of traditional Chinese Medicine), Guangjiao (Fujian folk herbal medicine), tiepufan, dayuanyao (collection of common folk herbal medicine), baojinlian (Minnan folk herbal medicine), xuedang Guizhi, Chongyao, Tusanqi, luobuqi, Zhixue Cao (Hunan medical records), huaxuelian (Jiangxi herbal medicine).
[source] it is the root of Polygonaceae plant rhubarb.
[plant morphology] rhubarb
Perennial herbs. The root is thick and large, yellow. Stem stout erect, about 1 m high, green purple, longitudinal ditch. The leaves are oval or oval, 15-30 cm long and 12-20 cm wide. The apex is obtuse, the base is heart-shaped and entire, and there are tubercle like protuberances below. The stem leaves are alternate, ovate lanceolate, and gradually smaller to bracts. Panicle, small flowers, purple green to green, bisexual, whorled and arranged in sparse racemes; perianth 6, light green, 2-whorled, persistent, 3 outer whorls lanceolate, 3 inner whorls, perianth enlarged with fruit, margin dentate, tuberous protuberance on dorsal rib; stamen 6; ovary 1-locular, ribbed, style 3, stigma hairy. Achenes ovate, 3-ribbed, tea brown. 1 seed. The flowering and fruiting period is from May to July.
Born on the hillside of the field. It is distributed all over the south of the Yellow River Basin.
The leaves of this plant (rhubarb leaf) are also used for medicine. See special section for details.
[collection] harvest from September to October,
[medicinal material] the dry roots are thick and thick, dark brown in appearance, wrinkled and uneven, and most of the fine roots remain. Generally cut into blocks, section yellow, visible from the surface concave deep groove stripes. It tastes bitter.
Produced in Sichuan, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Fujian, Hunan and other places.
[chemical constituents] the root contains anthraquinones.
It's hard work and cool.
① In the compendium of compendium, it is said that "the nature is flat. "
② "The nature is cool. "
③ Zhejiang folk herbal medicine: "it is pungent in taste and flat in nature. "
④ Jiangxi herbal medicine: "cold in nature, hard in taste. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, removing blood stasis, killing insects and detoxifying. For hemoptysis, lung carbuncle, mumps, constipation, carbuncle, swelling, eczema, scabies, team injury, scald.
① Wang Lianshi's book of collecting herbs: "treating hematemesis. He was wounded by an arrow in the army. "
② "Breaking blood stasis and generating new life" is the key point in the compendium. It can cure contusion, eliminate carbuncle, stop bleeding, cure scabies and rub with sweet and sour. "Treat lung carbuncle. "
③ "Treatment of unknown swelling and toxin, elimination of blood heat. "
④ Guizhou folk medicine collection: "appetizer and spleen, weak complement.". "
⑤ "Hunan medicine annals": "dispelling wind and dampness, killing insects and relieving itching, clearing heat and detoxifying. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: tamping or dressing.
[selection] 1. Treatment of tuberculosis and hematemesis: Jinbuhuan fresh root, Lianye Qiqian or two, Baihe Sanqian, Bingtang or two. Take it in water. (experimental study of traditional Chinese Medicine)
② Cure cough and hematemesis, injury and hematemesis: gold does not change five to seven money, and refined pork cut into meat cakes, steamed cooked food. (experimental study of traditional Chinese Medicine)
③ Treatment of lung carbuncle: gold does not change the grass root one or two, mash juice wine decocting three times
④ Treatment of mumps: fresh soil rhubarb root, fresh Begonia root appropriate amount, a little lees, mashed topical. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of dermatitis, eczema: Rhubarb amount, fried and washed. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
⑥ Treatment of tinea and leprosy: soak rhubarb root in lime water for two hours and rub it with vinegar. (Hunan medical records)
⑦ At the beginning of the treatment of swelling and poison: gold does not change grass, roots and leaves do not stick, five money. Mash and fry in old wine. (hundred grass mirror)
⑧ Treatment of foot swelling and water sores in children: the root of rhubarb is tamped and applied to the affected area. (Hunan medical records)
⑨ Cure defecation secret knot: Earth rhubarb root one to five money, water decoct take. (Hunan medical records)
⑩ Treatment soup fire injury: Rhubarb Root appropriate, grind the end. Apply sesame oil to the wound. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Tu Da Huang
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Luan Xi. Luan Xi
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Thistle. Xiao Ji