(essential preparation of raw herbs)
[alias] mouse melon (Luchuan materia medica), pheasant (Quanzhou materia medica), towel bear gall, towel gourd (Nanning medical records), mouse cucumber, sky melon (Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine), dog cucumber, yinsilian, wild cucumber (Kunming folk herbal medicine).
[plant morphology] 1. Ma ting'er, please refer to "Ma ting'er" for details.
② Maogua, also known as the horse with different leaves.
Perennial weak herbaceous vines, 60-150 cm long, with unbranched tendrils. Leaves alternate, polytypic, 4-16 cm long, from narrow triangular lanceolate to broad triangular ovate or ovate oblong, angular or divided into 3-5-lobes, 1 pair of basal lobes often extend downward into various shapes, expand or slightly overlap each other, the basal part is broad heart-shaped or narrow heart-shaped or halberd shaped, the upper surface is very rough with small white spots, papery. The flowers are unisexual, white, monoecious; the male flowers are corymbs with stalks, the stalks are bald or slightly hairy, the calyx tube is short, the calyx teeth are 5, the Corolla is 5, the stamens are 3, and the anthers are separated. The female flowers are solitary, with calyx, corolla and male flowers, round ovary and 3 styles. The fruit is spindle shaped, 1.8-4 cm long and red when hot. Seeds obovate, slightly oblate. The flowering period is summer and moon.
Born in the mountains. Distribution of Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Fujian, Taiwan and other places
[collection] it can be harvested all year round and dried in the sun.
The root is spindle shaped or massive, 3-10 cm in length and 1-2 cm in diameter. The surface is gray brown, shrunken and with transverse ring lines. It is brittle and easy to break, with uneven section, yellow white, rich in starch and fiber.
Produced in Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian and other places.
[flavor] sweet and bitter, cold.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": bitter taste, cold nature. "
② "The taste is sweet and bitter, the nature is cold. "
③ "Hard work, cold.". "
[Guijing] Quanzhou materia medica: "entering lung, liver and spleen three meridians. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat and resolving phlegm, removing dampness, dispersing stagnation and detumescence. Treatment of heat cough, dysentery, gonorrhea, urinary tract infection, alcohol jaundice, rheumatic arthralgia, sore throat, red eyes, eczema, carbuncle.
① "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": "treat paralysis and weakness of limbs, soak wine. Blood, postpartum stew chicken. "Treat the top of wine, eliminate the small intestine Qi, apply the ulcer. "
② Lingnan caiyao Lu: "it can cure alcohol jaundice; it can also cure wind paralysis, it can resolve phlegm, and it can cure the restlessness of limbs, so it can be soaked in wine. "
③ "Lu Chuan's materia medica:" pulling out poison and promoting muscle growth, treating ulcers, carbuncle and ulcer. "
④ "Nanning medicine annals": "clearing away heat, detoxifying, dispersing and relieving pain. Treatment of heat cough and large sores. "
⑤ Guangzhou army's "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual": "treatment of urinary tract infection, stones, infantile malnutrition, sore throat, mumps, acute conjunctivitis, eczema, hemorrhoids and furuncle. "
⑥ Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine: "Nourishing Yin, clearing heat, detoxifying. Treating fever, thirst, sore, snake bite, dysentery. "
⑦ "Kunming folk commonly used herbal medicine": "anti-inflammatory phlegm, discharge pus detumescence, stomach and body fluid. Treatment of throat inflammation, lung heat, cough, thirst, mastitis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 5-8 yuan; or soak in wine. For external use, grind the powder, mix and apply or decoct and wash with water.
[selection] ① relieving summer heat: fresh Cayratia japonica is decocted with water instead of tea, two to three Liang each time.
② Treatment of joint gout and wind arthralgia: dry Cayratia japonica in the sun at the end of the research, one money each time, wine service.
③ For carbuncle, gangrene and chilblain: dry Cayratia japonica in the sun, grind the powder, and apply it with tea oil. (1) Quanzhou materia medica
④ Treatment of carbuncle, sore, sore throat, conjunctivitis, lymphatic tuberculosis: maoguagen five money to one or two, decoction. Mash and apply fresh roots to the affected area. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of snakebite, cellulitis, eczema, sores and boils: mouse, cucumber root, five money, fried. For external use, tamp fresh leaves or wash with boiling water. (selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan)
⑥ Treatment of hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids: one or two fresh roots of maogua, add pig large intestine, and decoct in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] treatment of infectious inflammation
Take 1-3 times a day, or rub the affected area with cold boiled water, 1-3 times a day. 140 cases of acute enteritis, biliary Ascaris infection, scald infection, gingivitis, tonsillitis, urinary tract infection, snakebite were treated. 130 cases were cured and 10 cases were invalid. During the application, no obvious side effects were found. The curative effect is better for those who belong to "heat" and worse for those who belong to "cold". High temperature will affect the efficacy of drugs, should be dry in the shade at the end of cold water delivery service.
Chinese PinYin : Tu Bai Lian
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