[synonyms] whale, Baiwu (Yuya), and Baijiao silver carp (yilinzuanyao).
[source] it is the meat of silver carp.
[animal morphology] silver carp
The body is flat and spindle shaped, with narrow abdomen and well-developed abdominal ribs from chest to anus. Body length is generally about 60 cm. The proportion of each part of the body varies with the size of the individual, and the variation range is large. The distance between eyes increases with the growth of the individual, and the head length and eye diameter decrease with the growth of the individual. The head is large, about 1 / 4 of the body length. The kiss is short, blunt and round; the mouth is wide. The eye is small, located below the cephalic median axis. Hypopharyngeal teeth 1 line, flat, dipper shaped. The gill rakes combine with each other to form porous membranous lamellae with spiral suprabranchial organs. The scales are small and the lateral scales are 108-120. Dorsal fin Ⅲ 7, without hard spines, starting from behind the ventral fin. Gluteal fin Ⅲ 12-13. Caudal fin forked. The dorsal surface and upper part of the head are grayish green, and the lateral and ventral surfaces are silvery white. Dorsal and caudal fins are the same color as the back. The other fins are light and yellow.
They live in the middle and upper water areas of rivers and lakes. It is lively and can jump out of the water. It mainly feeds on algae, plant debris and a few zooplankton. The oviposition period is from April to July. In winter, it overwinters deep in the river bed or lake. It is distributed in the Yangtze River, Heilongjiang, Pearl River and Xijiang river basins. It is one of the fish culture in China.
[nature and taste] 1. In the compendium, it is sweet, warm and nontoxic. "
② "Dongyibaojian" says: "it is flat in nature and non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Ben Cao Qiu Zhen: "enter the spleen and lung. "
[functions and indications] ① the compendium of Medical Sciences: "warming the middle of the body and replenishing qi. "
② "Suixiju diet spectrum": "warming stomach, tonifying Qi, moisturizing skin. "
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