Artemisia rupestris on the snow
(folk herbs of Science)
[source] it is the tuberous root of Aconitum bracteatum et al.
[plant morphology] Aconitum brevicornum
Perennial herbs, 50-70 cm high. The root tuber is erect, spindle cylindrical, 5-8 cm long, and the outer skin is brownish yellow. Stem erect, sparsely retroflexed pubescent. The leaves are alternate, palmately 3-lobed, lobes 2-9-lobed, and then finely divided in different depths. Finally, the small lobes are linear lanceolate or linear, with few hairs on both sides. The leaves in the lower part of the stem have long stalks, which wither when flowering, and the leaves in the upper part of the stem are dense with short stalks. Raceme terminal, inflorescence sleeve is retroflexed pubescence; calyx 5, blue purple, petal shaped, upper sepal expanded hat shaped, about 2.5 cm high; petals a pair, with long claws, spur short; stamens many, unequal, filaments sparse pubescence; ovary 3-5, densely covered with straight and extended yellow pubescence. There are 3-5 follicles and many seeds. The flowering period is from August to September. The fruit period is from September to October.
Most of them grow in alpine grassland, hillside and under sparse forest. It is distributed in Yunnan and Sichuan.
[collection] at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, the root tubers were dug out, the leaves and small roots were removed, washed and dried, and then packed into sacks to make the appearance smooth. Keep in a dry place to prevent moisture and insects.
[medicinal material] the dried root tuber is a long cylindrical shape with a diameter of about 0.5-1.7 cm and a length of more than 5-8 cm. The appearance is dark brown or yellowish brown, plump, with fine wrinkles. There are also more obvious ones, most of which are longitudinal wrinkles. There are often broken marks of lateral roots and occasional branches. It is hard and brittle, easy to break, with a slightly round cross section and white powder. The cork is thin, the skin is wide, the wood and pith account for about 1 / 3 of the diameter, and the color near the cambium is dark brown. The gas is weak, and the taste is spicy and numb. The skin color is black brown, white, powdery, with black circle, full and smooth.
Produced in Yunnan and Sichuan.
The following two varieties of the former plant are used in Sichuan and Yunnan as the same plant.
① Aconitum brevipetiolate with sparse flowers, the main difference is that there are spreading pubescence on inflorescence. It is distributed in Sichuan and Yunnan.
② Aconitum fulvum, the main difference is that the room is curved and close to the white pubescence. It is distributed in Sichuan.
In addition, Aconitum corrugatum is also known as a branch of Artemisia on snow in Kunming, Yunnan Province, and also as a branch of Artemisia on snow in Sichuan, Qinghai, Ningxia and other places.
[chemical constituents] there are six alkaloids in the root tubers of Artemisia selengensis from Zhaotong, Yunnan Province: aconitine, hypaconitine, artemisinin B, pentone and hexane.
Five alkaloids were isolated from the root tubers of Artemisia selengensis in Dongchuan, Yunnan Province: artemisinin a, B, C, D and HEPTENE.
[pharmacological action] the salts of a, B, C and butyrine of A. kaempferi have analgesic effect on mice. Some people use A. kaempferi through hot plate test, its analgesic index is only 1 / 11 of morphine, and its analgesic effect is not ideal. Artemisia selengensis has digitalis like effect on frog heart. Atropine and quinine can prevent the cardiac dysfunction caused by Artemisia selengensis. When poisoned, it shows parasympathetic excitement.
0.08 g to 100% of body weight. The mice can't distinguish the 20% tiebangchui bait from the normal food, so it can be used in poison mice.
[processing] soak and bleach with clean water for 7 days, change water twice a day, slice after the center is soft, steam in steamer for 2-3 hours, take out and dry. Mix and stir fry with hot lard, add the medicine, or wrap it with wet paper, simmer it over a charcoal fire, remove the paper, soak it in children's stool for a day and a night, take it out, rinse it and dry it in the sun.
[nature and taste] selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan: "bitter hemp, warm, poisonous. "
[function indications] it can relieve inflammation and pain, dispel wind and remove dampness. Treatment of traumatic injury, fracture, rheumatism, bone pain, toothache, sore swelling poison, snake bite.
"Selection of Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine": "antiphlogistic and analgesic, Qufeng dehumidification. "
[usage and dosage] take orally: grind powder, 2-4% or soak in wine. External use: Wine grinding.
[taboo] it is highly toxic and should not be taken orally without being processed. During medication, avoid eating raw and cold, beans, beef and mutton.
[prescription selection] ① for traumatic injury, rheumatism, bone pain and toothache: take Artemisia rupestris on the snow for 0.25 points. (selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan)
② Treatment of traumatic injury, rheumatism, bone pain, sore swelling poison, poisonous insect and snake bite, bee sting: snow on a branch of Artemisia five money, soak a jin of wine, ten days after external rub, no oral. (selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan)
③ Treatment of pulpitis (painless pulping): 1 g of alcohol extract of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae (preparation method: take Herba Artemisiae Scopariae Scopariae root powder, soak it in anhydrous alcohol, filter it after 24 hours, evaporate the filtrate to alcohol, and get Brown colloidal substance), 0.5 g of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae Scopariae powder, 1 g of toad venom powder, 0.8 g of lanolin, put it in the milk bowl, mix well, grind it into ointment, that is pulp deactivator. After 1-2 days, the pulp inactivation effect was observed and painless pulpectomy was performed. (selected oral diseases)
[clinical application] analgesic
It can be used for neuralgia, rheumatic pain, traumatic injury and toothache, postoperative pain, advanced cancer pain and so on. Commonly used Baijiu soaked in orally or partially coated, or directly root tuber powder orally taken orally, the total amount of oral not more than 150 mg per month. Or it can be made into injection, 10-25 mg for adults (3-5 mg for children), 1-2 times a day. Among them, 36 cases suffered from trauma and postoperative pain. All of them were markedly effective 15-20 minutes after treatment, and the efficacy lasted for 12-36 hours.
This product is highly toxic and the toxic reaction occurs within 0.5-3 hours after administration. Main symptoms: light sleepiness, burning sensation of mouth, increased secretion; severe general numbness, weakness, chills, distension, throat discomfort, nausea, vomiting, salivation, dizziness, palpitation, irritability, abdominal pain, defecation; heavy patients fainted, cold limbs, arrhythmia, decreased blood pressure, dyspnea or convulsion coma, ECG showed frequent premature contraction. Severe cases may die of circulatory and respiratory failure. There was a precedent of poisoning death only 2 hours after taking medicine, so it should be used with caution. Rescue methods: according to the general clinical experience, atropine, procaine amide and quinidine are considered to be more effective antagonists, which can be effective if used in time. In addition, bamboo shoots, bamboo roots, bamboo, coriander, Saposhnikovia, tea, licorice, etc. are also used as antidotes in the folk. Two to three kinds of antidotes, each of which costs five yuan, can be fried in water; or lard, brown sugar, honey can be used to cook porridge.
Chinese PinYin : Xue Shang Yi Zhi Hao
Artemisia rupestris on the snow
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