(materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
[synonyms] Tripterygium and Polygonum graminearum, Ma bangshou, xingyizhi, niumagen and magenzi, and pudicao.
[source] it is the whole grass of Cynodon dactylon.
[plant morphology] bermudagrass
Herbs perennial, rhizomatous, fibrous roots fine and tough. The stem creeps on the ground, up to 1 meter long, erect upward, 10-30 cm high. Leaf sheath with cream, sheath mouth usually pilose; leaf blade linear, lower part seems to be opposite due to internode shortening, 1-6 cm long, 1-3 mm wide. Spikes 1.5-5 cm long, 3-6 fingers clustered at the top of the stem, spikelets gray green or purplish, 2-2.5 mm long; glumes with a midrib to form a spine, both sides membranous, 1.5-2 mm long; lemma herbaceous, as long as spikelets, with three veins, hairy on the spine; palea about as long as lemma, with two ridges, anthers yellow or purple, 1-1.5 mm long. The flowering period is from May to October.
It grows in open fields, streams and fields, and is often used to build lawns and courts. It is widely distributed in the south of the Yellow River.
[chemical composition] the total content of crude protein, crude fiber, lignin, ash, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium was 6.1-14.7%, 28.5-36.9%, 9.3-11.4%, 3.7-6.2%, 0.29-0.97%, 0.15-0.41% and 0.08-0.22%, respectively. β - sitosterol, β - sitosterol-d-glucoside and palmitic acid were also isolated.
[pharmacological action] the extract of whole herb has higher phagocytic index in vitro test (i.e. incubating fresh human citrate acidified blood with Staphylococcus suspension to calculate the number of bacteria in phagocytes), but the extract of twig has no antibacterial effect. This plant can produce cyanic acid, which can be eaten by livestock and sometimes poisoned.
[flavor] bitter, slightly sweet, flat.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "warm in nature, slightly sweet and slightly sour in taste. "
② Classification of herbal medicine: "slightly bitter, flat, non-toxic. "
③ Jiangxi herbal medicine manual: "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] materia medica of Southern Yunnan: "into the liver. "
Functions and indications: dispel wind, activate collaterals, relieve fever, stop bleeding and promote muscle growth. It is used to treat rheumatism, pruritus, hemiplegia, fatigue, hematemesis, contusion, knife wound and sore.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "walking through meridians, strengthening muscles and bones, relaxing muscles and activating collaterals. Hemiplegia, hand and foot tendon contracture, phlegm fire flaccid soft, muscles and bones ache, good effect of brewing wine. "Tamp and compress the sore for a long time to generate muscle; apply the knife wound and traumatic injury to stop bleeding and close the mouth, which can connect the muscles and bones. "
② "Classification of herbal medicine": it can treat postpartum apoplexy, wind disease and detumescence poison gas. "
③ "Chongqing herbal medicine": "anneal and antipyretic, Shengji and hemostasis. Treatment of rheumatism, fatigue, hematemesis, dog bites. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: tamping.
[selection] 1. Diabetes: Clematis. Rock sugar as a guide, water decocting.
② Cure vomiting and diarrhea: Clematis six money. Take it in water.
③ Treatment of edema: bermudagrass, Tung bark four money each. Take it in water.
④ Treatment of Ascaris: fresh Clematis 1 to 2. Take it in water.
⑤ Treatment of toothache: Cynodon dactylon, Phyllostachys pubescens, Radix Glehniae each three Liang. Boiled pig meat to eat.
⑥ Long term treatment of acne: bermudagrass, grass tender tip each five money. Tamp and apply. (herbal medicine manual of Jiangxi Province)
Chinese PinYin : Tie Xian Cao
Chicken bone fragrance. Ji Gu Xiang
Chicken seed yellow. Ji Zi Huang
Concanavalia shell. Dao Dou Ke
Limonium bicolor. Er Se Bu Xue Cao
Acanthopanax giraldii. Hong Mao Wu Jia Pi
Jute stem worm. Huang Ma Geng Chong
The mouse plays the flute. Lao Shu Chui Xiao
Pumpkin pulp. Nan Gua Rang
Arsenite. Pi Shi
monorchid herminium herb. Ren Can Guo
Photinia leaf. Shi Nan Ye
Coriander. Tian Hu Sui