(a textual research on the names and facts of plants)
[synonyms] Shi Houzi, Shi baozi, Tu jingwan, Jin xiandiao Hulu, San yedui, Xiao bianteng, San yebianteng, LAN Shanhu, Lei Danzi.
[source] it is the root of Tripterygium Trifolium.
[plant morphology] trifoliate climbing vine, also known as Cayratia japonica, trifoliate green and stone mouse.
Climbing vines. The roots are stout, spindle or agglomerate, and connected with each other. The stem is thin and weak, rooting on the lower node. Leaves alternate; palmate compound leaves, 3 leaflets, narrowly elliptic to ovate elliptic, 1 larger in the center, 3-7 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, apex pointed or short pointed, base gradually narrowed, margin with spiny sparse teeth, both leaflets smaller, asymmetric, 2-4 cm long, 1.3-2 cm wide; petiole 3-5 mm long, total petiole 2-4 cm long; tendrils opposite leaves, with sucker. Flowers heterozygous; umbels axillary; petals 4, open, disk connate with ovary base; pistil 1, stigma 4, deeply lobed. Small berry, globose. Seeds ovoid globose.
Born in the wild. It is distributed in Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian and southwest China.
[medicinal material] the root is fusiform or massive, continuous, each 2-3cm long, 7-13mm in diameter, with gray brown surface, longitudinal wrinkles and fibrous roots. Hard, broken flour brown, with a wooden center.
Bitter, pungent and cool.
① "New selection of practical Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi": "slightly bitter in taste, flat in nature, non-toxic. "
② Jiangxi herbal medicine: "it tastes bitter and pungent, and its nature is cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, promoting blood circulation and dispelling wind. It is used to treat febrile convulsion, pneumonia, asthma, hepatitis, rheumatism, irregular menstruation, sore throat, rash, carbuncle, sore and injury.
① "The name and reality of plants" in tukao: "take syrup to treat children's abdominal pain and reduce fever. "For the treatment of traumatic injuries, the woman's menstrual flow is not adjusted, and all unknown swelling poison is applied. "
② New selection of practical Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi: "promoting blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis, strengthening muscles and bones. Treatment of traumatic injury, rheumatism, low back pain, furuncle, eczema. "
③ Zhejiang folk commonly used herbs: "cool and detoxify, dispel wind and phlegm. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan; or mashed juice drink. External use: tamping or grinding powder scattering.
[selection] 1. To treat febrile convulsion in children: one coin for stone mouse root, two coins for uncaria, two coins for flower root of seven leaves, take them in water. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
② Treatment of infantile wind heat, convulsion and colic pain: Sanye green root three to five money, decoction. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
③ Treatment of pneumonia: Stone mouse root, melon seed gold, Gougu root each three money, decoction, one dose a day. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of hepatitis: Stone mouse root five money, tiger thorn root, Qian grass root each one or two, decoction, one dose a day. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of Bungarus multicinctus bite: Stone Monkey whole grass or root, add cold water to mash into pulp, oral administration of five money, external smear wound, this is the main medicine. After cooling, wash out and take proper amount of it. After taking medicine, you can only drink cold water, not hot water. (selected materials of new Chinese herbal medicine in Hunan)
⑥ Treatment of snake bite: a Bungarus bite: two to three pieces of Cayratia japonica root, mash, cut off the hair, apply to the fontanelle (Baihui Point). 2. Snakebite: five to one or two pieces of Cayratia japonica root, chopped and fried. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑦ Treatment of carbuncle, furuncle and poison, cellulitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, lymph node tuberculosis and other diseases: fresh thunder gall and water or wine ground into a paste, rub the affected area, or wet compress with gauze dipped in liquid medicine, three to four times a day. For thin and tender skin such as oral cavity and scrotum, water grinding is better. (selected materials of new Chinese herbal medicine in Hunan)
⑧ Treatment of asthma: Stone mouse root, Fritillaria, Platycodon grandiflorum each one money, decoction, one dose a day.
⑨ Treatment of traumatic injury: Stone mouse root one or two, research end, yellow rice wine delivery service.
⑩ Treatment of traumatic bleeding: appropriate amount of stone mouse root, dry in the sun, grind powder, spread and bandage. (the following formula is Jiangxi herbal medicine.)
[clinical application] ① treatment of viral meningitis
Take dry root, adult 5 money, children 3 money, decoction, one dose a day. In 104 cases, 86.5% of the patients' symptoms and signs disappeared immediately after taking 3 doses, and all of them were cured after taking 4 doses. However, it is easy to relapse after drug withdrawal, so it is necessary to take several more patches continuously after cure to consolidate the curative effect. No obvious adverse reactions were found during and after treatment. In addition, this product can also be used in other viral diseases, such as Japanese encephalitis, viral pneumonia, icteric hepatitis, etc.
② Treatment of acute bronchitis, pneumonia, pharyngitis, enteritis, biliary tract infection and eyelid cellulitis and other infectious diseases
Take the root tuber of Trifolium repens and process it into injection, each 2ml, each 1ml contains 2G crude drug. 2-4 ml intramuscular injection, 2-4 times a day. A total of 84 cases were treated, except that biliary tract infection was combined with Chinese herbal medicine for clearing away heat and removing gall, the rest were mainly Sanye Qing, and some of them were treated with symptomatic treatment. The results showed that 52 cases were cured, 12 cases were improved, and 20 cases were ineffective.
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