(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonyms] Nelumbo nucifera (Luchuan materia medica), Nelumbo nucifera (Nanning medical records), pearl leaf (Guangxi medical records), chuqianjin, Tiemao, shanmizi (Yunnan Simao Chinese herbal medicine selections), Qinglian (Guangdong).
[source] it is the leaf or bulbous leaf of the orchid plant taro orchid.
[plant morphology] taro orchid
Perennial perennial small herbs, about 10-27 cm high, smooth and glabrous. Underground stem as irregular globose, fleshy, white, diameter about 1 cm. Stems very short or absent. The leaf is round, 4.5-6 cm long, 8 cm wide, apex short, base heart-shaped, entire or slightly wavy, green, veins obvious, extending from leaf base to leaf margin, about 20, lateral veins crisscross and reticulate; petiole cylindrical, about 8 cm long, about 3 mm thick, with most longitudinal stripes, near the ground is purplish red. Pedicel about 20-30 cm long, internodes covered with degenerate scales, scales with purplish red veins; raceme; corolla drooping, irregular, 5 pieces, lanceolate, lip 1 piece, white, with purplish red veins, inner surface covered with villi, stamen and pistil forming syncytial column. Fruit oval, many. It blooms in spring.
Born in the wet stone mountain, under the sparse forest, or the edge of the field. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[collection] ① in Guangxi, the leaves are picked in summer, washed or dragged with boiling water, and rubbed into granules by hand when the sun is half dry. The first time, single leaf is rubbed, and then several leaves can be rubbed together, 2-3 times a day until the sun is dry.
② From June to September in Guangdong Province, the whole plant was dug, the rhizome was removed, only the bulbous and leaves were left, washed and exposed to the sun, and the leaves were wrapped in the bulbous, rubbed into balls, and then exposed to the sun until the feet were dry.
[herbal medicine] the dried leaves are grayish brown to grayish green, rolled into granules, and the petioles are flat with longitudinal stripes. Most of the leaves of Guangdong products are covered with corms. It is better to have dry, small leaves and fragrance.
Produced in Guangxi, Guangdong and other places.
Sweet and cool.
① Lingnan caiyao Lu: "sweet taste, harmonious nature. "
② "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "it tastes light, spicy and mild. "
③ "Nanning drug records": "sweet, cool, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat, moistening lung, dispersing blood stasis and detoxifying. It is used to treat tuberculosis, phlegm, fire, hemoptysis, rash, swelling, poison and injury.
① Lingnan caiyao Lu: "for the treatment of scrofula, take it in soup or fried food with meat; for the treatment of phlegm fire, cough up blood, eliminate fire sores, take it in water; for the treatment of internal injuries, soak it in wine. "
② Lu Chuan materia medica: "stop bleeding, remove blood stasis, treat traumatic injury. "
③ "Nanning medicine annals": "moisten the lung, relieve cough, relieve fever and clear the heart. It can cure tuberculosis and detoxify coal poison. "
④ Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "smashing and external application can relieve sore poison. "
⑤ "Yunnan Simao Chinese herbal medicine selection": "dispersing blood stasis and detumescence, calming and relieving pain. Treatment of mental illness, injury, swelling and pain. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; or soak in wine. External use: tamping.
[taboo] Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "Yang deficiency should be taken with caution. "
[selection] treatment of mental illness: one root and one pepper. Fried in water for one time. Once a day for a month. (selected Chinese herbal medicines from Simao, Yunnan)
Chinese PinYin : Qing Tian Kui
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Terminalia chebula. He Zi He
Cimicifuga latifolia. Cheng Gan Sheng Ma
Chenopodium album. Ci Li
Hongyaozi. Hong Yao Zi
Sophora tonkinensis. Shan Huang Dou Teng
Chinese fir leaf algae. Shan Ye Zao
tung oil. Tong You
Ampelopsis grossedentata. Xiang Shi Teng Guo
Wild grape root 1. Ye Pu Tao Gen
Bamboo clothing. Zhu Yi
Buddleja. Zui Yu Cao