Live fish of Qiang Nationality
(records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
[synonym] Bing's salamander and Cunninghamia lanceolata.
[source] it is the whole family of Andrias davidianus.
[animal morphology] Andrias davidianus
The body is cylindrical and slightly flat, 12-16 cm long, the largest can reach 20 cm. The skin is smooth, the body color is generally olive green, and there are green fine dots on the back interwoven with hemp spots; the abdominal color is lighter, with less hemp spots. The head is slightly flat, slightly longer than wide; the snout is round and broad, and the nostril is close to the snout; the eyes are large, prominent, with eyelids, about equal to or slightly shorter than the snout; the upper and lower jaw have fine teeth, and the hoe bone teeth are short, 2 rows, and the inner side of the inner nostril is oblique or flat, far away from each other; the lip folds are developed, and located behind the eyes. There are about 12 rib grooves on both sides of the trunk; the fingers and toes of the limbs are flat, blunt and round at the end, with no web at the base; the fingers are 4, the second and third fingers are several equal in length, and the fourth finger is slightly longer than the first finger; the fingers are 4, in the order of 3, 4, 2 and 1; the palmar fingers and metatarsophalanges are covered with brown horny sheaths, and the ends of the fingers and toes have black horny claws. The front end of the tail is slightly cylindrical and gradually flattened; the tail is large, about 1 / 2 of the total length or slightly longer. The male anal foramen are small and slightly into a short transverse suture, while the female anal foramen are a longitudinal fissure.
They live in high mountain streams or in shady places under forests. They are nocturnal and feed on insects, mollusks, earthworms and small fish. It is distributed in high mountain areas of Sichuan Province.
[collection] catch them in summer and autumn, then drink them to death, wash them and dry them in the sun, or dry them on a low fire Kang.
[medicinal materials] the dried notopterygium Incisum has shriveled skin and flesh, which is 12-15 cm long. The head, mouth and eyes are blurred, the limbs are thin, and the toes are clearly distinguishable. The tail is flat, the back is brown or withered brown, and the abdomen is yellowish brown. It stinks. It is better to be big, plump, dry and free from mildew.
Produced in Sichuan.
[processing] it can be used in the end.
[flavor] pungent, salty, flat, non-toxic.
[channel tropism] into the liver and stomach.
[function indications] Xingqi Zhitong. Treatment of liver and stomach qi pain and blood deficiency, weak spleen, pale.
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 Liang; or grinding powder.
[should avoid] do not take it if the pain is not caused by qi stagnation.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of liver and stomach qi pain: qianghuoyu, Hongkou, Danggui, Baizhi, yanhusuo, toosendan. Take it by frying.
② Treatment of weak spleen and yellow complexion: qianghuoyu, Huangqi, dangshen, Fuling, tangerine peel, jujube, angelica. Take it by frying. (nature and taste are listed in Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals)
Chinese PinYin : Qiang Huo Yu
Live fish of Qiang Nationality
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