Lotus root knot
(on medicinal properties)
[synonym] Guangou Festival (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi) and Oujie scar (traditional Chinese medicine Zhi).
[source] the node of the rhizome of Nymphaeaceae. For plant morphology, please refer to "lotus seed" section.
[collection] in autumn, winter or early spring, the rhizome (lotus root) was dug, the soil was cleaned, the nodes were cut off, the fibrous roots were removed and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried lotus root node is short cylindrical, about 2-4 cm long and about 2 cm in diameter. The surface is yellowish brown to grayish brown, the central node is slightly enlarged, there are many residual fibrous roots and root marks, and sometimes dark reddish brown scaly leaf residues; there are longitudinal lines on the surface of the internodes at both ends of the node, small round holes can be seen in the center of the cross section, and there are about 8 large holes around them. The body is light and the joints are hard and hard to break. Without Qi, spiders are slightly sweet and astringent. It is better to have black brown nodes, white ends, dry and no fibrous soil.
It is mainly produced in Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Anhui. In addition, it is also produced in Hubei, Hunan, Shandong, Henan, Jiangxi, Fujian and Hebei.
[chemical constituents] Rhizoma Nelumbinis contains tannin and asparagin.
[processing] nodule charcoal: take out the nodule and stir fry it in the pot until it turns black on the outside and old yellow on the inside. Sprinkle a little water on it, take it out and dry it.
[flavor] sweet and astringent, flat.
① Rihuazi materia medica: "cold. "
② "Compendium": "astringent, flat, non-toxic. "
③ "Materia medica Huiyan": "bitter taste, Qi level, non-toxic. "
④ "Lotus root powder: sweet taste slightly bitter, flat nature. "
[Guijing] compendium of materia medica: "start with Shaoyin, Foot Yangming, Jueyin meridians. "
Functions and indications: stop bleeding and disperse blood stasis. For hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematemesis, hematuria, hematochezia, haemodysentery and HAEMORRHEA.
① "On the nature of drugs": "when you pound juice, you can not only vomit blood, but also treat both mouth and nose. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "detoxify heat, eliminate blood stasis, postpartum blood stasis. Rehmannia glutinosa juice, hot wine and urination. "
③ "Diannan Materia Medica": "it can cure women's blood collapse, cold and turbid. "
④ Compendium: "it can stop coughing blood, spitting blood, blood drenching, drowning, bleeding, dysentery and blood collapse. "
⑤ "Lotus root powder: it can open diaphragm, nourish waist and kidney, harmonize blood vessels, disperse blood stasis and generate new blood; it is especially good for postpartum and hematemesis. "
⑥ New materia medica: "cool blood, nourish blood, benefit water and dredge meridians. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan: mash juice or powder.
[prescription selection] ① for treating sudden vomiting of blood: seven on the node of lotus root and seven on the top of lotus leaf. On the same Mi Lei fine, water two minutes, fried eight minutes, to the dross warm clothes. Or at the end of the research, honey tune down. (Sheng Hui Fang Shuanghe SAN)
② Treatment of horse blood stasis, accumulation in the chest and abdomen, spit countless blood: with raw lotus root node mash, and wine juice drink, with the amount. (Ben Cao Hui Yan)
③ Treatment of epistaxis more than: lotus root section Daozhi drink, and drops in the nose. (compendium)
④ Treatment of stool and blood: dried lotus root, ginseng, white honey decoction, two money, two days. (Quan You Xin Jian)
On the famous saying of "removing blood stasis, stopping bleeding". Xing Yuanbi said, "rihuazi" is effective in treating postpartum blood stasis, abdominal distension, mashing juice and hot Tongbian drink. It has the meaning of Xingsan in covering and stopping. Shizhen's prescription can also be used to treat hemoptysis, spitting blood, hematemesis, hematemesis, hematochezia, drowning, hemodrenching, and HAEMORRHEA. It can also be used in sishengci and tiaoying decoction. "
② In Yilin zuanyao: "lotus root knot, blood syndrome of antiemetic, bleeding, drenching and dysentery. Gannengbuzhong, xiannengjian, Quyu, astringent, astringent and astringent. It also takes its passage and has its knots. "
Chinese PinYin : Ou Jie
Lotus root knot
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