(Tang materia medica)
Another name: Hujie (Shu materia medica), Shujie (compendium).
[source] it is the tender stems and leaves of Brassica juncea.
[plant morphology] white mustard
Herbs annual or biennial. The stem is stout, up to 1 meter high, and all are sparsely hirsute. The leaves at the base of stem are long petiole, broad obovate, 10-15 cm long, over 5 cm at the widest part, harp shaped, deeply or nearly divided, with 5-7 lobes, large apex and gradually smaller downward; the leaves at the upper part of stem are short petiole, smaller leaves and thinner lobes; the leaves near inflorescence are often sparsely divided. Raceme terminal; peduncle about 1 cm long; calyx 4, green, erect; corolla yellow, oblong ovate, base with erect claws; stamens 6, 4 strong; ovary oblong, densely covered with white hair, style slender, stigma small. The long horned fruit is wide linear, 2-3cm long, densely covered with coarse white hairs. The seed part is often shallow constricted, with a beak at the apex, and the beak part is smooth and glabrous. Seeds round, yellowish white, 1.5-2 mm in diameter. The flowering period is from April to June. The fruit period is from June to August.
It is widely cultivated all over the country.
The seeds of this plant (< U > < / u >) are also used for medicine. Another detailed special article.
[nature and taste] Kaibao materia medica: "pungent, warm, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Ben Cao Jing Shu: "into the lung. "
[function and indications] warm the middle and disperse the cold. Treatment of cough, shortness of breath, stomach, abdominal cold pain.
① "Ben Cao Shi Yi": "main air conditioner. "
② "Introduction to medicine": "it can sweat and relieve the pain of cold air in the abdomen. "
③ "Modern practical Chinese medicine": "antitussive, and treatment of stomach disease. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: cooking.
[should not] patients with sore, eye disease, hemorrhoids, bloody stool and normal fever should not eat.
(1) regurgitation of stomach and Qi. With white mustard one or two money, wine Chongfu.
② Phlegm is hot and dizzy. With white mustard seed, mustard, mirabilite, etc. into the end, add paste to make balls, such as Wuzi big. Every 20 pills, ginger soup. This prescription is called "Baijie pill".
③ The abdomen is cold. Use a liter of white mustard seed, stir fry, grind into powder, add boiling water to make steamed cake, such as small bean. Ten pills of ginger soup are very effective.
④ The swelling and poison are beginning to rise. Use white mustard seed as the powder, and then add it.
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