(Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
[synonyms] feiercao (supplement to the research on medicinal properties), sheguancao, zhegucha, Jinbuhuan, zibeijinniu (preparation of raw herbs), dalanqing, dajincao (collection of herbs in Lingnan), Wushihe (investigation of medicinal plants in Guizhou), chanjicao, houpigan (list of medicinal plants in Guangdong and western regions), dajinbuhuan (manual of commonly used Chinese herbs in Guangzhou Army), jinniuyuanzhi (commonly used Chinese herbs in Hainan) (Drug Manual).
[source] it is the whole grass with roots or roots of Polygalaceae.
[plant morphology] Jinbuhuan
Annual erect herb, 10-40 cm high. Stem simple - or slightly branched, hairy, leaves alternate, linear oblong to oblong lanceolate, sometimes ovoid, 1-6 cm long, apex mucronate, base rounded or cuneate, entire. Raceme axillary or axillary exophytic, very short, with several flowers; flowers pale yellow, about 5 mm long; outer ring 3 sepals oblong ovate, about 1.5 mm long, inner ring 2 petals; petals 3, both petals attached to the base of the filament sheath, central petal apex with fimbriate appendages; stamen 8, lower part of the filament united into a sheath, dehiscent to one side; pistil 10. Capsule subobcordate, ca. 4 mm, ciliate. Seeds sericeous. It blooms in autumn.
Born in the mountains and shrubs. Distributed in Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and other places.
[collection] the whole grass with roots was collected in summer and autumn, washed and dried.
[medicinal material] it is a whole grass with dry roots, about 10-20 cm in length. The stem has single branch or branches, one root, stem about 1-2 mm thick, grayish green to grayish brown, with short hairs. The leaves are dark green to yellowish brown, sometimes with residual flowers and fruits in the axils. The air is weak and the taste is light. It is better to be complete, leafy, dry and free of sediment.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and other places.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb contains flavonoid glycosides and saponins.
Sweet and smooth.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": sweet taste, warm nature. "
② Ben Cao Qiu yuan: "Gan Xin, Wen. "
③ "Guangdong traditional Chinese medicine": "sweet, light, flat. "
Functions and indications: relieving cough, eliminating accumulation, promoting blood circulation and dispersing blood stasis. Treatment of phlegm cough, tuberculosis cough, dysentery, malnutrition, scrofula, snakebite, traumatic injury.
① "Gangmu Shiyi": "treat all children's phlegm diseases and Sha distension. "
② "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": dispersing poison and stopping cough. Treat snake bite. Root: toothache. "
③ "Ben Cao Qiu yuan": "it is mainly used for coughing, phlegm fire, internal injury, and heat dissipation. Root: cure malnutrition. "
④ "Lingnan caiyao Lu": it can eliminate abdominal distention and infantile malnutrition. Root: stop vomiting and diarrhea, remove blood stasis and generate new. "
⑤ "Guangxi medicine plant directory": "treat Dieda, jaundice, hepatitis, red and white dysentery. "
⑥ "Promoting blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis, relieving pain and relieving cough" in the Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou army. Treatment of chest pain, cough, pertussis, sequelae of poliomyelitis, corneal cloudiness, corneal ulcer, acute conjunctivitis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: tamping.
[selection] 1. To treat pulmonary tuberculosis, cough and hemoptysis: fresh taurine or two (five dollars for dry), stewed with rock sugar, and Ophiopogon japonicus three dollars for weak fire. (Xiamen)
② Treatment of wind heat cough: jinniucao, niudali, honglinggen, baijinggen. Take it by frying. (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Da Jin Niu Cao
gorgon fruit. Qian Shi
Pseudojute. Jia Huang Ma
Echinocaulis leaf. E Jiao Mu Ye
Clam powder. Ha Li Fen
Hibiscus flowers. Mu Jin Hua
Erythrina arborea. Qiao Mu Ci Tong
Poplar root with green bran. Qing Fu Yang Gen
Ammopiptanthus mongolicus. Sha Dong Qing
Ixeris sonchifolia. Shan Ku Mai
Sheep placenta. Yang Tai
Yunshigen. Yun Shi Gen
Salix root. Zao Liu Gen