(Kaibao materia medica)
[synonyms] Ding Fu and Ding Gongji (bielu), Ding gongteng (the collection of Materia Medica), Shinan Teng (the classic of Materia Medica), soushanhu (the materia medica of Southern Yunnan), fengteng (the compendium), LANTENG (the textual research on the names and facts of plants), bayanxiang (the classification of herbs).
[source] it is the leafy stem branch of Piper hupehensis or Piper villosum.
[plant morphology] 1
Liana, stem climbing, nodose, glabrous smooth. Leaves alternate, leathery; petiole 1-2 cm long; leaf blade elliptic or narrowly elliptic, 7-11 cm long, 3.5-5.5 cm wide, apex acuminate or cuspidate, tomb round cuneate, entire, glabrous above, glossy, veinlets not visible, hairy below, veinlets 5, prominent. Flowers dioecious; spikes, 4-7.5 cm long, pendulous; total pedicels longer than petioles, flowers very small, dense; bracts shield, smooth; stamens 2, anthers kidney shaped. Berry, sessile, free, spicate, spikes of different length, fruit pyramidal in young and dry, about 2 mm in diameter at maturity. The flowering period is June. The fruit period is from July to August.
It grows on the edge of mountain forest. It is distributed in Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan and other places.
② Fluffy pepper, also known as: maoyao. Its morphology is similar to that of Piper hupehensis, but its stem and branch are densely covered with short villi. The leaves are narrow and asymmetric at the base, with short villi under or on the veins.
Distributed in Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong and other places.
[collection] from August to October, the stems and branches with leaves were cut, dried in the sun and tied into small bundles.
The stem is 3-30 mm in diameter. The surface is grayish brown or grayish brown, with longitudinal lines, nodes dilated, adventitious roots, and internodes 7-9 cm long. It's light and crisp. The phloem of the cross section is narrow, the vascular bundles and rays are arranged radially, and there are many small holes in the wood. There is a grayish brown pith in the center. The dry leaves are gray green and wrinkled. It's fragrant and spicy. It is better to have uniform branches, gray brown color and complete leaves.
Mainly produced in Sichuan, Hunan, Yunnan and other places; also produced in Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei and other places.
[chemical constituents] Piper villosum contains alkaloids, tannins and monosaccharides.
[pharmacological action] after intraperitoneal injection of Piper villosum injection (50g crude drug / kg), the analgesic effect (hot plate method) was observed in mice for 20 minutes and lasted for one and a half hours. The action intensity is less than that of pethidine. After treatment, the mice were quiet, their eyes were narrow, and they were sleepy.
[processing] wash with water, soak, moisten, cut into sections and dry in the sun.
[flavor] pungent, warm.
① Bielu: "it tastes sweet. "
② Materia medica: the smell is strong. "
③ Kaibao materia medica: "it is pungent, warm and non-toxic. "
④ "Diannan Materia Medica": "the nature is slightly warm, the taste is sweet and slightly sour. "
[Guijing] materia medica of Southern Yunnan: "entering the liver, spleen and small intestine. "
Functions and indications: dispel wind and dampness, dredge channels and collaterals, strengthen waist and feet, and relieve pain. Treatment of wind cold dampness Bi, bone pain, lumbago, postoperative pain.
① Bielu: "it's the pain of gold sores. "
② Kaibao materia medica: "it can control wind and blood, replenish senility, raise Yang, strengthen waist and feet, remove arthralgia, whiten, expel cold air and expel pathogenic wind. Also boiled juice clothing, also soak wine clothing, winter use. "
③ Ben Cao Tu Jing: "treating lumbago. "
④ "Diannan Materia Medica": "it can cure cold dampness Bi, hurt tendons, dispel wind, pain in tendons and bones, relieve urination and pain in stems, and relieve rapid urination when the heat comes up. "
⑤ "Compendium of Medical Sciences": "take it with boiling juice to cure upper Qi cough. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-3 yuan; make wine or boil with wine. External use: mash, stir fry and pack.
[should not] those with Yin deficiency and excessive fire should take it carefully.
[prescription selection] 1. Treat wind deficiency, remove cold air, remove arthralgia, strengthen waist and feet: Decoction of stem of Shinan, the same as Qumi liquor. (nanteng wine in the compendium)
② Treat the pain in the stem of heat drenching, or live in the mouth of horse like pus: two coins of heather vine, eight cents of Equisetum, one coin of licorice, two coins of eight immortals grass. I'll fry it in water and take it in wine. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
[clinical application] for pain relief
Take the whole plant of maoyao and make it into injection. Each milliliter contains 5g dry crude drug. Intramuscular injection, 2ml each time. For postoperative pain, fracture reduction, gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary pain, chronic low back and leg pain, arthritis and so on have analgesic effect. According to the observation of 118 cases, the pain disappeared in 36 cases, significantly relieved in 22 cases, relieved in 51 cases, invalid in 9 cases, the effective rate was 92%. Some patients have hypnotic and sedative effects.
Chinese PinYin : Nan Teng
Elsholtzia macrophylla. Da Ye Xiang Ru
Prunella vulgaris. Bai Hua Xia Ku Cao
The land is astringent. Di Se Se
One leaf one branch flower. Du Ye Yi Zhi Hua
Mahogany. Gong Lao Mu
Phoebe rubra. Hong Guo Nan
Mangen. Mang Gen
Loquat flower. Pi Pa Hua
Chinese herbaceous peony. Shao Yao
Raspberry root. She Mei Gen
Xiangru. Xiang Ru
Artemisia selengensis. Xue Shan Yi Zhi Hao