(Ben Cao Tu Jing)
[synonyms] huotanmao (preparation of raw herbal medicine), wutanzi (compilation of plant names and facts), Yunyao (classified herbal medicine), shanqiaomaicao (Fujian folk herbal medicine), huangshiteng, Yunyao (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), wubaifancao (Quanzhou materia medica), Huotanxing, quetangmei (Lingnan herbal medicine annals), chidili, wufanteng, shuishaganzi, gulangfan, shuilangfan Tuisha (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine), Hongmei cotyledon, baifancao, dayeshanzi (Guangdong Chinese herbal medicine), rat cane (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of pyrophyllum, a Polygonaceae plant.
[plant morphology] Herba pyrophyllae
Perennial erect or semi climbing herbs, ca. 1. 5 m long. The stem is slightly furrowed, smooth or covered with sparse or glandular hairs. It lies on the ground obliquely or adheres to the ground. The lower part of the stem is solid and has many branches. The creeping nodes take root, and the tender branches are purplish red. Leaves alternate, petiolate, winged; leaf blade ovate long elliptic or ovate triangular, 7-12 cm long, entire or with thin round teeth, base cut, rounded or subcordate, sometimes with 2 auricular lobes; upper leaves heart-shaped, with short petiole or sessile and holding stem; upper leaves bright green or with V-shaped black lines, lower main veins hairy; sheath membranous, obliquely truncated. The inflorescence axis is usually purulent, without involucre; the bracteoles are smooth, usually acute; the florets are white, light red or purple; the perianth is 5-lobed; the stamens are 8; the ovary is superior, and the style is 3-lobed. Achenes ovate, black, trigonous, enclosed in persistent perianth. The flowering period is September (Sichuan).
It grows on sunny grass slope, forest edge and roadside moist soil in hilly area. It is distributed in Taiwan, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou.
The root of this plant (pyrophyllum vulgare L.) is also used for medicine. See special section for details.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn and dry in the sun.
[herbal medicine] the dry stem is very long, brown to brownish purple, with longitudinal wrinkles, long internodes, swollen nodes, brittle and easy to break, and loose pith. The leaves are shrunken, withered yellow or yellowish green, with purple black patches on both sides of the main vein, faintly visible; the stipules are sheath like, light yellowish brown, often broken and incomplete. The taste is mild and bitter. It is better to be dry and free of impurities.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Fujian and other places.
It's sour, sweet and cool.
① "Ben Cao Tu Jing": "sour taste, flat, non-toxic. "
② "Pinhuijingyao": "it tastes sour and sweet, has a flat nature, and is non-toxic. "
③ "Compendium": "acid, flat, toxic. "
④ "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": sour taste, cold nature. "
⑤ "Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine": "slightly sour taste, slightly astringent, slightly cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and dampness, cooling blood and detoxifying. It is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, jaundice, wind heat, sore throat, weakness, dizziness, infantile diarrhea, convulsion, leucorrhea, carbuncle, dampness sores and traumatic injuries.
① "Ben Cao Tu Jing": "to remove the skin wind heat, flow, swelling and pain. "
② "Fried honey food can stop dysentery. Apply sores, apply bruises, stick rotten feet, remove poison, dry water and close mouth. "
③ "Lingnan medicine collection record": "it is used to treat children's body heat, convulsion and distention. "
④ "Fujian folk herbal medicine": "promoting blood circulation and detoxification, stopping dysentery, treating belt. "
⑤ "Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "treat dizziness and dizziness, Qi deficiency and deafness. "
⑥ "Clearing away dampness and heat, eliminating stagnation and detoxification" is a common Chinese herbal medicine manual of Guangzhou army. For dysentery, enteritis, dyspepsia, hepatitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, furuncle, sprain, dermatitis, eczema, pruritus. "
⑦ In Nanchuan's Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine, it is said that "replenishing qi and promoting blood circulation, dispelling wind and relieving fever. Treatment of weakness, wind heat, dizziness, blood gas pain. "
⑧ Guangdong Chinese herbal medicine: "cooling blood and detoxifying. To treat children with summer fever. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang (fresh 1-2 Liang); or mashed juice. External use: tamping or frying.
[prescription selection] 1. To treat red and white dysentery: mash pitan motherwort and haijinsha to get juice, make boiling water, add a little sugar and take it. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
② Treatment of dysentery, enteritis, dyspepsia: huotanmu, xiaofengwei, buzheye each six money, decoction. (selected Chinese herbal medicine prescriptions, Guangdong)
③ Treatment of acute and chronic bacillary dysentery: huotanmu, Wild Peony each two. Decoct in water, one dose a day, three times a day. For chronic bacillary dysentery, the same dose of retention enema can be done, twice a day, seven to ten days as a course of treatment. (prescription collection of new Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi)
④ Treatment of damp heat jaundice: huotanmu one or two, chicken bone grass one or two, decoction. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ For women: two to three taels of fresh charcoal, three to five white cockscomb. Drink water, fry into half a bowl, after dinner, twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of skin wind heat, streamer, bone carbuncle pain: Huotan mother leaf, fried and washed. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
⑦ Treatment of distention: Herbal charcoal, fried water fumigation and tamping. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
⑧ Treatment of carbuncle: one or two fresh peat motherwort, fried in water, mixed wine service; slag honey or glutinous rice mashed, applied to the affected area. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of eczema: one to two pairs of fresh Herba pyrophyllae, water decoction; another fresh whole grass water decoction. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] ① treatment of diphtheria
Mash the fresh leaves of pitaya, take 30ml of juice, add appropriate amount of honey, take it 6 times a day, and take it several times in a small amount for the seriously ill. All 63 cases were cured. The course of treatment is usually 2-4 days.
② Treatment of acute enteritis
Take 1 liang of huotanmu and 5 yuan of guyangteng, fried in water, 1 dose per day, twice a day. 1584 cases were tested, and the effective rate was about 90%.
③ Treatment of mycotic vaginitis
Use 1 liang of pyrophyllum, fry in water for hip bath; spray pyrophyllum powder locally after washing. They were used alternately, 3-5 times as a course of treatment. All the 17 cases were effective. Among them, 9 cases of vaginal secretion smear re examination of mold, all turned negative.
④ Treatment of pediatric impetigo
Take 3-5 liang of the whole herb of pyrophyllum, cut it into pieces, add proper amount of water, boil it for 15-20 minutes, filter it, and wash the part of the filtrate several times a day. Those who have symptoms of systemic infection should also take traditional Chinese medicine. 25 cases were cured.
⑤ Treatment of corneal pannus, pannus and leukoplakia
100% pyrophyllum eye drops were used every 1-2 hours for 1-2 months. 316 cases were treated, including 88 cases of corneal cloudiness, 1 case of pannus and 65 cases of leukoplakia. Those who achieved good results (more than 2 lines of improvement compared with the original vision): 63.4% had corneal cloudiness, 46% had corneal pannus and 38.4% had corneal leukoplakia. However, the solution of pyrophyllum eye drops is unstable, and it will deteriorate and fail after 4-5 days, so fresh eye drops should be replaced. You can also use huotanmu, ten Mahonia leaves each 12, add 2000 ml of water, fry for 4-5 hours, remove the residue and concentrate to 150 ml, filter, take the clear liquid and drop it into your eyes. There must be no foreign body sensation during eye drops. The purpose of adding Mahonia leaves is to correct the pH of the solution. The solution should be prepared fresh. Eye drops were given every 1-2 hours for 1-2 months. It is suitable for corneal cloudiness, pannus, noncentric leukoplakia, and external eye diseases such as acute conjunctivitis, conjunctival herpes, superficial keratoscleritis, electro-optic ophthalmia, and chemical injury of cornea and conjunctiva. Clinical trial treatment of 200 cases, good results in 36 cases of corneal cloudiness, 46 cases of pannus, 17 cases of leukoplakia, the total effective rate was 92%.
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