(notes to the classic of Materia Medica)
[synonyms] Portulaca oleracea (Lei Gong Paozhi Lun), purslane (Tao Hongjing), wuxingcao (Ben Cao Tu Jing), Portulaca oleracea (Sheng Hui Fang), Portulaca oleracea (treasure Lun), wufangcao, changmingcai, jiutoushicao (compendium), suanlao, Anle CAI (Yilin Zhuanyao), guazicai (Lingnan caiyao Lu), changmingamaranth, Saiban Doucao (Chinese medicinal plant records), Shecao（ Nanjing folk herbal medicine, sour vegetables, pig mother's vegetables, lion's grass, horse's vegetables, horse snake and ant's vegetables, horse tap's vegetables, and longevity's vegetables.
[source] the whole plant of portulaceae.
[plant morphology] Portulaca oleracea
Annual succulent herb, smooth and glabrous, 20-30 cm high. Stem cylindrical, supine or oblique upward, from the base of the four scattered, sunny surface often with light maroon or purple. Leaves alternate or opposite, petiole very short, leaves fleshy, obovate or spoon shaped, 1-3 cm long, 5-14 mm wide, apex obtuse, sometimes slightly absent, base broadly cuneate, entire, dark green above, dark red below. Flowers bisexual, small, yellow, usually 3-5, clustered branches, apical leaf axils; involucral bracts 4-5, triangular ovate; sepals 2, opposite, ovate, base connected with ovary; petals 5, obcordate, apex slightly concave; stamens 8-12, medicinal yellow; pistil 1, ovary semi inferior, 1-locular, style tip 4-6-lobed, forming linear stigma. Capsule short conic, brown, covered with cracks; seeds numerous, dark brown, surface with fine spots. The flowering period is from May to September. The fruit period is from June to October.
Born in the fields, wasteland and roadsides. It is distributed in most areas of China.
The seeds of this plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) are also used for medicine. See special article for details.
[collection] in summer and autumn, when the stems and leaves are luxuriant, the whole grass is harvested, the soil is cleaned, and then slightly scalded with boiling water and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried whole grass shrinks and curls, and is often tangled into a ball. Stem thin and twisted, about 15 cm long. The surface is yellowish brown to greenish brown with obvious longitudinal grooves. It is brittle and easy to break. The center of fracture section is yellow white. The leaves are wrinkled or broken, dark green or dark brown. At the top of the branch, there are usually oval capsules or residual valves, and there are many tiny seeds in the fruit. The Qi is weak and special, and the taste is slightly sour and sticky. It is better to have a small tree, tender quality, many leaves and greenish green.
All over the country.
[processing] clean impurities, remove residual roots, moisten with water, cut into sections and dry in the sun.
Sour and cold.
① Tao Hongjing: "little acid. "
② Tang materia medica: "pungent, cold, non-toxic. "
③ "Materia medica classic:" taste hard, cold, non-toxic. "
[Channel] into the large intestine, liver, spleen.
① "Into the stomach. "
② "To match the materia medica": "start with the Taiyang and Yangming scriptures. "
③ According to Bencao Zaixin, "it enters the liver and spleen meridians. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, dispersing blood and detumescence. It is used to treat dysentery, purulent blood, heat drenching, blood drenching, leucorrhea, carbuncle, sore, erysipelas and scar. It is used for diarrhea and dysentery caused by damp heat. It is often mixed with Coptis chinensis and Aucklandia. Take it orally or apply it externally to treat carbuncle. Also used for hematochezia, uterine bleeding, hemostatic effect.
① Tang materia medica: "it is mainly used for swelling, fistulas and warty eyes. It can be rubbed; it is used for regurgitation, drenching, golden sores and blood flow. It is especially good for children. It can be used to wash lips, facial blisters, horse sweat and spray poison. "
② Meng: "wet ringworm, white alopecia, with horse tooth paste and ash coating. It can cure malnutrition and all kinds of wind. "
③ "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "Mingmen. It can also cure malnutrition. "
④ Materia medica: stop thirst. "
⑤ Shu materia medica: "the main corpse feet (human feet often split in winter and summer), Yin swelling. "
⑥ "Kaibao Materia Medica" says: "it is good for blind eyes and white clouds. It can promote urination and defecation, remove cold and heat, kill insects, quench thirst, and break carbuncle sores. And burn for ash, and years of vinegar dross, first moxibustion Ding swelling. If you take the root of the insect, you will get the juice. "
⑦ Daily use materia medica: "cool the liver and remove the haze. "
⑧ "Diannan Materia Medica": "Yiqi, xiaoshure, kuanzhongxiaqi, Runchang, xiaojizhi, insecticidal, treatment of sores, swelling and pain. "
⑨ "The compendium of medicine": "disperse blood and detumescence, benefit the intestines and smooth the fetus, detoxify and dredge the lymph, and treat postpartum Hypohidrosis. "
⑩ "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": "treat red dysentery, clear heat and toxin, wash hemorrhoids and crevices. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (fresh 2-4 Liang); or mashed juice drink. External use: tamping, burning ash and grinding powder, or frying and washing.
[taboo] "Ben Cao Jing Shu" says: "do not use those who have deficiency cold in spleen and stomach and smooth intestines for catharsis; decocting baits should not be used with turtle shell. "
[formula selection] 1. Treatment of blood dysentery: two big gripping (cutting) of horse toothed vegetables and three combinations of Japonica rice. On water and purslane porridge, without salt and vinegar, talk about food on an empty stomach. (shenghuifang horse tooth porridge)
② Treatment of postpartum dysentery, urinary obstruction, navel and abdominal pain: raw horse tooth vegetables, pound, take juice three big, fry a boil, under honey a tune, meal. (Jingxiao ChanBao)
③ Treatment of hot urine: purslane juice. (Sheng Hui Fang)
④ For the treatment of red and white belt, you can take it regardless of the old and young pregnant women: three combinations of purslane mashed juice, and a piece of chicken white, first warm to make hot, then add purslane juice, and drink it at a slight temperature. (collected prescriptions on the sea)
⑤ Treatment of appendicitis: a grasp of raw purslane. Wash and mash 30 ml of juice, add 100 ml of cold boiled water and proper amount of sugar, take it three times a day, 100 ml each time. (Fujian traditional Chinese medicine 6 (3): 1131961)
⑥ Treatment of carbuncle for a long time: Purslane mash juice, fried to apply it. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑦ For many years: Purslane tamping. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
⑧ Treatment of foot ulcers: dry purslane research powder, honey transfer application, a night, the insects from. (maritime side)
⑨ Treatment of turning flower sores: Purslane a Jin burn for ash, fine research, to the pig fat regulation of the application. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑩ Treatment of ear sores: Purslane one or two (dry), Phellodendron half two (file). Pound for the end, each take a little, cotton wrapped in the ear. (Sheng Hui Fang)
(11) treatment of nail gangrene: one or two purslane (dried in the shade) on the wall, one point for Aucklandia, one point for cinnabar (refined), one point for salt (refined). On the four flavors, in addition to the red sand, salt, file and mix well, in the iron, charcoal fire, take out the fine research, that is, into the red sand, salt powder, and then grind well, spin off and apply on the sore, three or two times a day. (Ma Chi San formula in Shengji Zonglu)
(12) treatment of infantile alopecia: apply purslane extract, or burn gray pig fat and apply. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⒀ treatment of children's fire pill, hot as fire, around the waist is damaged: pestle purslane application, two days. (guanglifang)
(14) treatment of scrofula: purslane is dried in the shade and burned with ashes, and then mixed with pig paste in the month of December. Wash the sores with warm swill, and then apply it dry on the third day. (emergency prescription)
Treatment of the disease: Portulaca oleracea mixed with indigo flower, three times a day. (simple prescription)
(16) treatment of anal swelling and pain: Purslane leaves, clover acid grass, etc. Fried soup fumigation, twice a day effective. (Linhu jijianfang)
Treatment of centipede bite: apply purslane juice. (behind the elbow)
(18) swollen beriberi, fullness of heart and abdomen, less astringent urination. With purslane and a small amount of Japonica rice, sauce cooking.
(19) postpartum Hypohidrosis. Take purslane juice. If there is no fresh one, it can be boiled with dry one.
⒇ postpartum dysentery, urination does not love, navel abdominal pain. Mash the juice with raw purslane, fry it, add honey and mix it.
(21) anal swelling and pain. With purslane leaves, clover acid grass and other parts, fried soup fumigation. Twice a day. It works.
(22) red meets white. Mash the Portulaca oleracea juice, pour it into one or two pieces of chicken protein, and take it at a slight temperature. Generally take it twice and it's effective.
(23) white worm in abdomen. Boil a bowl of water with purslane and eat it on an empty stomach with salt and vinegar. Soon there was a white worm.
(24) wind tooth swelling and pain. Use purslane to soak the affected area with chewing juice, and the swelling will subside.
(25) sores inside and outside the ear. With yellow tiller half Liang, dry purslane one or two, a total of research for the final application.
(26) umbilical ulcer in children. Burn with purslane, grind and apply.
(27) sores are swollen and poisonous. Portulaca oleracea two points, lime three points, a total of research for the end, add chicken protein evenly applied.
(28) chronic ulcer. Mash and seal with purslane, or apply with sweat.
[clinical application] 1. Prevention of bacillary dysentery
Take fresh Portulaca oleracea stem and leaf, wash and chop, 1 jin of Portulaca oleracea, add 3 jin of water, fry 1 jin, filter. Adults take 70 ml three times a day for 2-7 days. Children take 60% purslane decoction, or cut purslane into wonton, steamed bread stuffing, or porridge; each jin of fresh purslane can be given to 15 children, once every other day. Some areas are also served as non-staple food for 10 consecutive days. After thousands of cases, the incidence rate of bacillary dysentery was significantly reduced.
② Treatment of bacillary dysentery, enteritis and dysentery carriers
The curative effect of Purslane on acute and chronic bacillary dysentery is similar to that of other dysentery drugs, such as sulfamidine and doxycycline. The effective rate of Purslane on acute cases is more than 90%, and the effective rate of Purslane on chronic cases is about 60%. Dosage: the safe range of effective dosage of Portulaca oleracea is large, although it is taken in large quantities, it is not toxic. However, one case of allergic skin rash was reported after taking 100% purslane decoction. Some people advocate taking 1 jin of fresh grass a day and halving hay. In clinical practice, 50% Decoction (hay), 50-100 ml each time, or 100% Decoction (fresh grass), 40-70 ml each time, 3-4 times a day, children's discretion, continuous 7-10 days as a course of treatment. No toxic reaction was found in chronic cases after 4 weeks. For intractable cases, Portulaca oleracea decoction can be diluted before retention irrigation
Chinese PinYin : Ma Chi Xian
Black skin. Hei Pi Die Da
Fu feather. Fu Yu
Jiegudan 2. Jie Gu Dan
Physalis pseudophysalis. Jia Suan Jiang Zi
Iris confusa. Bian Zhu Lan
Yunnan chicken bone Changshan. Dian Ji Gu Chang Shan
Dog skull. Gou Tou Gu
Ma Bao. Ma Bao
Ophiopogon japonicus. She Wang Teng
Acid rattan. Suan Teng Mu
Fine grass. Xi Cao
Xiaobaibu. Xiao Bai Bu