(supplement to materia medica)
[synonyms] Suoyang (danxixinfa), bulaoyao (pharmacology of traditional Chinese Medicine), xiutiebang (Xinjiang medicinal materials), dimaoqiu (records of traditional Chinese Medicine), huanggulang (Ningxia Chinese herbal medicine manual), suoyanzi (Shaanxi Gansu Ningqing Chinese herbal medicine selection), yangsuobula (Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine), yermaitage (Uygur name), Wulan Gaoya (Mongolian name).
[source] it is the whole plant of Cynomorium songaricum.
[plant morphology] Cynomorium songaricum
Perennial fleshy parasitic herbs. The underground stem is short and thick, with many tubercles and absorbing roots. Stem cylindrical, dark purplish red, 20-100 cm high, about 3-6 cm in diameter, mostly buried in sand, base stout, with scalelike leaves. Scalelike leaves ovate, triangular or triangular ovate, 0.5-1 cm long, less than 1 cm wide, apex pointed. Spikes terminal, rod-shaped rectangular round, 5-15 cm long, 2.5-6 cm in diameter; dense flowers and scaly bracts, flowers miscellaneous, dark purple, fragrant, there are two kinds of male flowers: one with 5 fleshy perianth, long ovoid cuneate, stamen 1, short filament, degenerate ovary rod; the other with several linear, fleshy involucral bracts, no perianth, stamen 1, long filament, no regression The female flower has several linear and fleshy involucral bracts; one of them is usually wide, with pistil 1, ovary nearly round, upper part bearing several rod-shaped staminodes and style rod-shaped; the bisexual flower opens earlier than the male flower, with one stamen and one pistil, and the stamen bearing the middle part of the ovary. Nutlets, globose, with dark crusty rind. The flowering period is from June to July.
It grows in dry and sandy area and parasitizes on the roots of Nitraria tangutorum. Distributed in Xinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and other places.
[collection] spring and autumn harvest, spring harvest is the best. After digging out, remove the inflorescence, place it in the sand, and dry it. In a few areas, slices were dried while fresh.
[medicinal material] the dried whole grass is flat cylindrical or slightly thin at one end, 8-21 cm in length and 2-5 cm in diameter. The surface is reddish brown to dark brown, with uneven wrinkles, forming thick longitudinal grooves or irregular depressions, sometimes triangular scales, and some inflorescences. The material is hard, not easy to break, the section is slightly granular, brown and soft. The gas is slightly fragrant, and the taste is slightly bitter and astringent. Cynomorium piece is a piece about 1cm thick which is cut transversely or obliquely. It is often threaded with rope. It is better to have a large, red, solid, powdery section and no tendons.
It is mainly produced in Gansu, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. In addition, it is also produced in Ningxia, Qinghai and other places.
[chemical constituents] it contains anthocyanins, triterpenoid saponins and tannins.
[processing] remove soil impurities, wash thoroughly, slice and dry in the sun.
① "Preparation of Materia Medica": crispy fried. "
② "Ben Cao Shu Gou yuan" says: "those who are strong and fat should be soaked in Shaojiu for seven times and baked for seven times. "
Sweet and warm.
① Ben Cao Yan Yi: "Gan. "
② "Gangmu": "sweet, warm, non-toxic. "
③ Ben Cao Qiu Zhen: "sweet and salty, warm in nature. "
④ "Ningxia Chinese herbal medicine manual": sweet and astringent, Ju. "
[Guijing] into the liver and kidney channels.
① "Into the kidney meridian. "
② "Yuluo Yaojie": entering the liver meridian of foot Jueyin. "
③ "Into the kidney, large intestine. "
[function indications] tonifying kidney and moistening intestine. Treatment of impotence, blood, blood dry constipation, waist and knee flaccidity weak.
① Supplement to the meaning of materia medica: "tonifying Yin Qi. It is used to treat deficiency and constipation. "
② Compendium: "moisten dryness and nourish tendons. Treatment of flaccidity. "
③ According to the original of Materia Medica, "it can replenish Yin, blood and fire, invigorate Yang and essence, strengthen Yin and marrow. "
④ "Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine": "treatment of impotence, spermatorrhea, waist and leg soreness, neurasthenia, senile constipation. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1.5 ~ 3 yuan; put into pill, powder or boil cream.
[taboo] 1. From the new materia medica: "diarrhea and yang are easy to be raised, but the essence is not solid. "
② "Depei Materia Medica" says: "slippery stool, weak essence, excessive fire, constipation, Yang way easy to lift, heart deficiency and Qi distension are forbidden. "
[prescription selection] ① treatment of flaccidity: Huangbai Banjin (stir fried with wine), guiban siliang (stir fried with wine), Zhimu Erliang (stir fried with wine), Shudihuang, Chenpi, Baishao each two liang, Suoyang one liang, HuGu one or two Liang (stir fried with wine), dried ginger half Liang. On the end, wine paste pills, or porridge pills. (Huqian pill in Danxi Xinfa)
② Treatment of Yang weak essence deficiency, Yin failure, blood exhaustion, large intestine dryness, constipation: Suoyang three jin. Five buckets of clear water, decoct the concentrated juice twice, add up to the total, boil the cream in the casserole, refine the honey, and harvest in the magnetic bottle. Take more than ten teaspoons every morning, afternoon, and evening before eating, and take them with hot wine. (Essentials of Materia Medica)
③ Treatment of kidney deficiency, spermatorrhea, impotence: Cynomorium, keel, Cistanche, cuttlebone, Poria. At the end of the study, the honey was refined into pills, three coins for each serving, once in the morning and once in the evening. (Ningxia Chinese herbal medicine manual)
④ Cure impotence, premature ejaculation: Suoyang five money, dangshen, yam each four money, raspberry three money. Take it in water. (selected Chinese herbal medicines from Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia and Qinghai)
⑤ For the treatment of senile Qi deficiency, yin deficiency and stool dryness: Cynomorium songaricum and mulberry fruit are five yuan each. Take concentrated juice and white honey in water for two times. (Ningxia Chinese herbal medicine manual)
⑥ Treatment of urinary tract infection: Cynomorium songaricum, honeysuckle five money each, one or two Maogen. Take it in water. (Ningxia Chinese herbal medicine manual)
⑦ Treatment of gastric ulcer: Cynomorium songaricum, Polygonum viviparum each three money. Take it in water.
⑧ Treatment of dyspepsia: Suoyang Wuqian. Take it in water.
⑨ Treatment of leucorrhea: Suoyang five money, Elaeagnus angustifolia bark three money. Take it in water. (7) selected Chinese herbal medicines from Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia and Qinghai are listed below.)
⑩ Treatment of second degree uterine prolapse: Suoyang Wuqian, Mutong Sanqian, Cheqianzi Sanqian, Gancao Sanqian, Wuweizi Sanqian and jujube Sanqian. Take it in water.
(11) treatment of stomachache, too much stomach acid: four liang of Suoyang, five liang of cold water stone (calcined), one yuan of red salt, one or two of Gentiana, ten liang of rock sugar. A total of fine end, each service three money.
(12) treatment of heart disease: Cynomorium songaricum, collected in winter, fried with lard (or cream), often taking tea, 20 days as a course of treatment. (the following formula is medicinal plants in desert areas of China.)
"Suoyang and Cistanche belong to the same category. If the Yin Qi is deficient, the essence and blood are decaying, and the stool is dry, it can be used to eat it and substitute Cistanche for porridge. You can know that although its nature is warm, its body is still moist. It is not necessary to use it for the fire failure of the life gate. Therefore, it is recorded in the book that those who do not have dry stool should not use it. Yizhi nature belongs to Yin category. That is to say, there are clouds that can nourish Yang, but also clouds that can nourish yin and promote Yang. It is not true that nature is attached to GUI and is the medicine of dryness and heat. "
Chinese PinYin : Suo Yang
Moonshell. Hai Yue Ke
Cassia root. Gui Shu Gen
Parasitism of Liquidambar formosana. Feng Xiang Ji Sheng
Lycium chinense. Gou Ju He
Dog blood. Gou Xue
Lilium Lancang. Lan Jiang Bai He
longan pulp. Long Yan Rou
Cat fur. Mao Pi Mao
Mao Qinggang. Mao Qing Gang
Moohe. Mu He
Banyan leaves. Rong Shu Ye
Water keel. Shui Long Gu