Water star anise
(classified herbal medicine)
[synonym] huajigong, yikouxue, Liquidambar Asarum (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records), Begonia fissa, tiger claw dragon, Coptis chinensis, water centipede, wind not moving (Jiangxi herbal medicine).
[source] it is the rhizome of Begonia palmatum.
[plant morphology] Begonia palmatum
Perennial herbs, 25-30 cm high. The rhizome is red, hypertrophic and nodal, with fibrous roots. The leaf blade is nearly round, heart-shaped at the base, palmately divided, lobes 5-7, deeply notched, with sparse short bristles at the top and bottom, apex acuminate, margin serrate, 13-15 cm in length and 16-18 cm in width; petiole 12-20 cm in length, covered with sparse short hairs; stipules membranous, oval, apex obtuse. The flowers are red, 5-6 in 2-dichotomous cymes, monoecious, 18-20 cm long, glabrous and 1.5-2.5 cm long; the male flowers usually open first, with 4 perianths, 2 inside and outside, and most stamens; the female perianth is 5, with two bifurcated styles, the stigma is thick and wrinkled, hairy, 3-4 cm long, the ovary is smooth, with 3 wings, different sizes, the largest wing is triangular, the small wing is narrow and long, Room 2. Capsule, dorsal cell dehiscent, many seeds. The flowering period is summer and autumn.
It grows on the wet slope, ditch side or Canyon in the low mountain area. Distributed in Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei and other places.
[collection] from September to October.
Sour and smooth.
① Classification of herbal medicine: "sweet taste, non-toxic. "
② Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is flat in nature, sour in taste and non-toxic. "
③ Jiangxi herbal medicine: "cold in nature, sour in taste. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind, promoting blood circulation, promoting diuresis and detoxification. It is used to treat rheumatism, joint pain, edema, hematuria, contusion and snakebite.
① Classification of herbal medicine: treating yellow swelling. "
② It can disperse blood and stop bleeding. It is used to treat nephrotic jaundice, snakebite and women's fire and heat chancre. "
③ Jiangxi herbal medicine: "dispel wind, activate blood circulation, promote diuresis and detumescence. "
[usage and dosage] take orally: decoct soup, 3-4 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh); or stew meat.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of acute arthritis: the root of Begonia fissa is five coins, fried in water and wine; if the joint pain is serious, use the fresh root of Begonia fissa in an appropriate amount, a little distiller's grains, and mash it for external application.
② Treatment of systemic edema, blood in urine: Six money for crabapple root, five money for black leek root, three money for Plantago, fried in water.
③ Treatment of traumatic injury: appropriate amount of Begonia fissured leaves root, dried in the sun, 2 yuan per serving, boiled water delivery service; another amount of fresh root, a little sweet wine lees, mashed external application.
④ Treatment of five step dragon and Bungarus multicinctus bite: one or two roots of Begonia fissured leaves, five coins of big green leaves, three pieces of ten thousand year green leaves (all fresh), fried in water, and mashed with dregs for external application. (all the selected prescriptions are published in Jiangxi herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Shui Ba Jiao
Water star anise
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