Yuanzhi (Ben Jing)
[synonyms] shanrao, Shushe (Erya), Jiwan (Ben Jing), kuyuanzhi (Yunnan materia medica).
[source] it is the root of Polygala tenuifolia.
[plant morphology] Polygala tenuifolia, also known as camellia, bachelor tea, chick tree, thread tea, flax, Michelia, swallow grass, Polygala tenuifolia, December flower.
Perennial herbs, 25-40 cm high. The root is cylindrical. Stems tufted, ca. 1 mm in diam., upper part green. Petiole linear or narrowly acuminate, apex glabrous or 0.8-0.5 mm, base glabrous. Raceme lateral, 5-12 cm long; flower light blue; calyx 5 pieces, 3 pieces smaller, linear lanceolate, 2 petals on both sides, oblong obovate; slightly curved; petals 2, base connate, two petals askew obovate, central petal larger, keel shaped, top attached with fimbriate appendage; stamen 8, filament base healing, sheath shaped; pistil 1, ovary obovate, flat Flat, 2-locular, style curved, stigma 2-lobed. Capsule flat, round, obcordate, 4-5 mm long and wide, green, smooth, margin narrow winged, base with persistent calyx, seeds ovate, slightly flat, brownish black, densely covered with white villi. The flowering period is from May to July. The fruit period is from June to August.
On the sunny hillside or roadside. Distributed in Northeast, North China, northwest and Shandong, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu and other places.
The seedlings (grasses) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] before emergence in spring or after the aboveground parts withered in autumn, the roots were dug to remove the residues and soil, and dried in the shade or in the sun. When it is fresh, choose the thicker root and loosen it with a wooden stick or rub it with hands. It is called "Polygala tenuifolia tube" if the wood core is removed; the thinner root is cracked with a stick to remove the wood core, which is called "Polygala tenuifolia flesh"; the smallest root is called "Polygala tenuifolia stick" if the wood core is not removed.
(1) Polygala tenuifolia tube
It is tubular, hollow, not straight, 3-12 cm long and 0.3-1 cm in diameter. The surface is gray or grayish yellow. All have dense and deep horizontal wrinkles, some have fine longitudinal lines and small pimple like root marks. It is crisp and easy to break, with yellowish white and flat cross-section, slightly grass like, bitter and pungent taste, and a sense of throat pricking.
② Meat of Polygala tenuifolia
Many are broken. The meat is thin and the wrinkles are less.
③ Yuanzhi stick
Also known as: Polygala stem, Polygala bone. Small, with a hard yellowish wood core in the middle.
It is mainly produced in Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hebei and Henan. In addition, it is also produced in Shandong, Inner Mongolia, Anhui, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning and other places.
In addition, there is a kind of root of Polygala tenuifolia, which is also used as Polygala tenuifolia. It is commonly known as "tuyuanzhi" and "tianyuanzhi" in the materia medica of Southern Yunnan. See the article "tianyuanzhi".
[chemical composition] the root contains saponins. After hydrolysis, two kinds of sapogenin crystals can be obtained: polygalagenin A and polygalagenin B. Recently, a saponin, polygalasin, 3 - β - glucoside of 2 β, 27-dihydroxy-23-carboxyl oleanolic acid, was isolated from this plant and the roots of Polygala tenuifolia. In addition, it contains Polygala alcohol, N-acetylglucosamine, alkaloid Polygala tenuifolia alkaloid, fatty oil, resin, etc.
[pharmacological action] 1
Polygala tenuifolia contains plant saponins, which can stimulate gastric mucosa and cause mild nausea. Therefore, it can reflexively increase the secretion of bronchus and has expectorant effect. When the extract was taken orally to dogs, it could promote the secretion of trachea. The intensity of action was as follows: Polygala tenuifolia > Platycodon grandiflorum. If phenol red was used, the excretion rule was as follows: Polygala tenuifolia > Polygala grandiflorum. However, oral administration of Polygala tenuifolia Decoction 1 g / kg did not increase the secretion of tracheal mucus in anesthetized dogs, which may be caused by the anesthetized animals.
② Effect on uterus
The decoction of Polygala tenuifolia from Northwest China can excite the uterus of guinea pigs, rabbits, cats and dogs in vitro. Intravenous injection of 6.6% Decoction 3-6 ml (weight 16.5 kg) can also excite the uterus of pregnant dogs.
Similar to Platycodon grandiflorum, Polygala tenuifolia contains saponins and also has the effect of dissolving red blood cells. The intensity of hemolysis is: Polygala tenuifolia > Polygala Americana > Platycodon grandiflorum. The hemolysis of Polygala tenuifolia meat (skin) is stronger than that of Polygala tenuifolia wood
[processing] Polygala tenuifolia: remove impurities, cut into sections, and sift ash. Zhiyuanzhi: decoct the liquorice soup first, remove the liquorice, add the radix Polygalae with the wooden heart removed, simmer until the liquorice water is absorbed, take it out, and dry it in the sun. (4 taels of licorice for each 100kg of Polygala tenuifolia) honey Polygala tenuifolia: mix honey with boiling water, stir in roasted Polygala tenuifolia, stir fry until it doesn't stick to your hand, take out and let cool. (for every 100 Jin of Radix Polygalae, make 20 jin of honey)
① "Lei Gong Paozhi Lun" says, "if you want to make a distant ambition, you must go to the heart first. If you don't go to the heart, it's boring to take it. To the heart, with ripe licorice soup soak overnight, percolate out, exposure dry with it. "
② "To match the materia medica": "(Polygala tenuifolia) rice hogwash immersion, hammer broken, to the heart with. "
Bitter, pungent and warm.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes bitter and warm. "
② Bielu: "non toxic. "
③ The classic of materia medica: "bitter, pungent, warm. "
④ "Zhongshen Xilu of medicine": "the taste is sour and slightly pungent, and the nature is flat. "
[Guijing] into the heart and kidney.
① Wang Haogu: "the kidney meridian is divided into Qi. "
② "Diannan Materia Medica": "into the heart, liver, spleen three channels. "
[function indications] soothe the nerves and improve intelligence, remove phlegm and relieve depression. Treatment of palpitation, forgetfulness, dreaminess, insomnia, cough, phlegm, carbuncle, sore swelling.
(1) Expectorant and resuscitation: it is used for phlegm obstructing heart orifices and mental disorders. It can be matched with Acorus calamus and Curcuma.
(2) Traffic heart and kidney: for heart and kidney not pay insomnia, often with Poria cocos, sour jujube kernel.
① Ben Jing: "the main cough in the adverse injury, fill the deficiency, remove evil, benefit nine orifices, benefit wisdom, ears and eyes smart, do not forget, strong ambition and power. "
② "To kill Tianxiong and Fuzi poison" is the key point of the book of Materia Medica. "
③ Bielu: "calming heart qi, stopping palpitation, benefiting essence, removing diaphragm Qi under heart, heat in skin, yellow complexion. "
④ "The theory of medicinal properties" says: "to cure the mind, to strengthen the spring, to strengthen the way of invigorating yang. The Lord dreams evil. "
⑤ "Rihuazi materia medica:" the main diaphragm Qi, long muscle, help bones and muscles, women's blood silence, children's disobedience. "
⑥ Wang Haogu: "it's used to treat kidney accumulation and galloping porpoise. "
⑦ "Gangmu": "cure all carbuncle. "
⑧ "Diannan Materia Medica": "nourishing heart and blood, calming heart, dispersing phlegm and saliva. Treatment of five epilepsy, catarrh, convulsion, mouth spitting and salivation, shaking hands and feet, unconscious, reduce stool, red and white turbidity, ointment drenching, spermatorrhea can not help. "
⑨ Ben Cao Zai Xin: "it is good at dispersing depression and eliminating phlegm. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-3 yuan; soak in wine or into pill or powder.
[should avoid] heart and kidney fire, yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity avoid taking.
① "Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu": "get Poria cocos, Holly seed, keel good. There are three species in this genus: Pearl, Veratrum, cockroach and clam. "
② "On medicinal properties": fearing grubs. "
[prescription selection] ① the heart qi is insufficient, the five zang organs are insufficient, some are sad and unhappy, some are happy to forget, some are in the morning, some are in the evening, some are in the evening, some are in the morning, some are in the evening, some are in the morning, some are in the evening, some are in the morning, some are in the evening, some are in the morning, and others are in the evening. Four tastes, pound the sieve, take the square and the dagger, and eat the food, and the sun three, honey and pills, such as Wutong Zi, take six or seven pills, five days. (Dingzhi pill in gujinluyan)
② Treatment of neurasthenia, amnesia, palpitation, dreaminess and insomnia: Polygala tenuifolia (powder), take one money each time, twice a day, rice soup. (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Long term treatment of heartache: Yuanzhi (Quxin), Changpu (fine cut) each one or two. On the two flavor, coarse pound sieve, each take three money dagger, water a, fry to seven minutes, to dross, regardless of time warm clothes. (Yuanzhi Tang, Shengji Zonglu)
④ To cure carbuncle, hair back and furuncle poison, the evil symptoms are large, regardless of the deficiency and excess of cold and heat: Yuanzhi (wash away the mud in the soup, beat the heart) is the end, a cup of wine, adjust the end of three coins, tardy, clear the drink, and apply the dross to the disease. (sanyinfang Yuanzhi liquor)
⑤ Treatment of throat pain: Yuanzhi meat for the end, blowing, saliva out for the degree. (ren Zhai Zhi Zhi Fang)
⑥ It is unbearable to cure the headache of brain: Yuanzhi (to remove the heart) is a fine powder. Every time you use half a word, you should first fill your mouth with water, that is, you can put the medicine into your nose and still rub the pain. (Yuanzhi San, Shengji Zonglu)
⑦ The treatment of qi stagnation into a drum account, the drug does not work: Polygala meat four Liang (stir fried with bran). Take five yuan a day and add three pieces of ginger. (Ben Cao Hui Yan)
⑧ Treatment of urine red turbid: Polygala tenuifolia half Jin (licorice boiled, to the heart), Fu Shen (to wood), Yizhiren each two. On the fine powder, wine cooked batter for the ball, such as Wuzi big. Each take 50 pills, pro jujube soup sent down. (Yuanzhi pill in Zhu Shi Ji Yi Fang)
⑨ Treatment of blowing milk: decoct with Polygala alcohol and apply it to the affected area. (Pocket Square)
⑩ Amnesia. Take a distant ambition as the end and take it as the final goal.
(11) chest stuffiness and heartache (adverse Qi and diaphragm, no diet). With Polygala, cinnamon, dried ginger, asarum, Sichuan pepper (fried) each three Liang, Fuzi two (gun), together with mash fine, add honey and into a ball, such as Wuzi big. Take three pills each time, and send down the rice juice. Three times a day. If it doesn't work, increase the dosage slightly. Avoid pork, cold water and raw scallion. This prescription is called xiaocaowan.
(12) sore throat. With Polygala meat as the end, blowing pain, saliva out for the degree.
Brain wind and headache. Inhale the radix Polygalae into the nose.
(14) swelling and pain caused by breast blowing. Use Polygala tenuifolia to bake and grind, and make two coins with wine. Apply the medicine residue to the affected area.
All kinds of carbuncle. Soak the Polygala tenuifolia in the rice washing water, beat the heart and grind it carefully. Three yuan for each serving, and one cup of warm wine for clarification. Drink the clear juice and apply the dregs on the affected area.
(16) red and turbid urine. With Polygala (licorice boiled) half a Jin, Fu Shen, Yizhiren each two, a total of research for the end, add wine, paste into the ball, such as Wuzi big. Each take 50 pills, hollow service, jujube soup sent down.
Chinese PinYin : Yuan Zhi
Cirsium japonicum L. Da Ji
Big pass yellow. Da Guo Lu Huang
Fengfengcao. Feng Qi Cao
Saprophytic foam. Fu Mo
Sawleaf knotweed. Ju Ye Zhu Jie Shu
Chenopodium album. Li Jing
Armillariella. Liang Jun1
Asarum repens. Ma Ti Xi Xin
May tea. Wu Yue Cha
Allium macrostemon. Xie Ye
high aspiration. Yuan Zhi
Pig's hoof beetle. Zhu Ti Jia