[alias] Shanqi, Jinbuhuan (compendium), Xueshen (yilinzuoyao), Shensanqi (materia medica Biandu), tiansanqi, Tianqi (identification of fake medicine strips), Tianqi (Lingnan caiyao Lu).
[source] it is the root of Panax notoginseng.
[plant morphology] Panax ginseng and Panax notoginseng
Perennial herbs, up to 30-60 cm in height. The rhizome is short, with traces of old stem; the root is thick and fleshy, oblong or short cylindrical, about 2-5 cm long, about 1-3 cm in diameter, with several branched roots and yellowish green to brownish yellow skin. Stem erect, nearly cylindrical; smooth glabrous, green or with many purple longitudinal stripes. They are palmately compound, with 3-4 whorls at the stem tip, slender petioles and glabrous surface, 3-7 leaflets, elliptic to oblong obovate, about 5-14 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, with large number in the center and the smallest in the bottom 2, apex long and pointed, base nearly round or not symmetrical on both sides, margin serrate, teeth occasionally with small spines, surface along veins with fine spines, sometimes both sides close Glabrous; petiolate. The total pedicel is 20-30 cm long, drawn out from the center of petiole at the stem end; the umbel is terminal, about 3 cm in diameter; the flowers are mostly bisexual, sometimes unisexual and bisexual; the petioles are short and thin, with scalelike bracts at the base; the calyx is green, the apex is usually 5-toothed; the petals are 5, oblong ovate, the apex is pointed, yellow green; the stamens are 5, the anthers are elliptic, and the anthers are dorsally attached The pistil is 1, ovary inferior, 2-locular, style 2, base connate, disk flat or slightly concave. Drupe berry shaped, nearly kidney shaped, about 6-9 mm long; green when tender and red when ripe. Seeds 1-3, globose, testa white. The flowering period is from June to August. The fruit period is from August to October.
Cultivated or wild in the shade of hillside forest. It is mainly cultivated in Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hubei, Jiangxi and other places.
The leaves (Panax notoginseng leaves) and flowers (Panax notoginseng flowers) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] the seeds were collected before flowering in late summer and early autumn or after maturity in winter. For those who have been growing for more than 3 to 7 years, dig out the roots, remove the soil, cut off the fine roots and stem base, sun dry until half dry, rub repeatedly, and then sun dry. Then put it in the container, add wax block, and vibrate repeatedly to make the surface bright and brown black. This product is called "Chunqi" when it is picked in summer and autumn. It is full and of good quality when it is picked in winter. It is called "Dongqi" when it is picked in winter. The thick branch root is called "tendon", the thinner one is "Jiankou Sanqi", and the thinnest one is "velvet root".
[medicinal material] the dried root is irregular cylindrical or spindle shaped, about 3-5 cm long and 0.3-3 cm in diameter, with rhizome residues at the top. The appearance is grayish yellow or brownish black, glossy, with intermittent longitudinal wrinkles, transverse raised lenticels and broken roots. It is hard to break. The wood and skin of the section are often separated. The skin is yellow, gray or brownish black. The cutin of this part is smooth and has radial texture. The taste is bitter first and then slightly sweet. It is better to have a big and solid body, thin skin, brown black section and no crack.
Most of the "tendons", "scissors" and "velvet roots" are not full, but have more longitudinal wrinkles and gray yellow cork. The section is easy to break or the cuticle is granular.
Mainly produced in Yunnan, Guangxi and other places.
Panax japonicus (also known as Panax japonicus) belongs to the same genus.
[processing] picking up impurities, mashing, grinding or moistening, slicing and drying. Panax Notoginseng Powder: take Panax notoginseng, wash, dry and grind fine powder.
[flavor] sweet, slightly bitter, warm.
① "Gangmu": "sweet slightly bitter, warm, non-toxic. "
② "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "it tastes sweet and slightly bitter, has a flat nature and is non-toxic. "
[channel tropism] into liver, stomach and large intestine.
① "Into the Yangming and Jueyin meridians. "
② "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "it enters the liver and stomach, as well as the heart and large intestine. "
③ Ben Cao Zai Xin: "entering the lung and kidney meridians. "
[function indications] hemostasis, blood stasis, detumescence, pain. For hematemesis, hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematochezia, dysentery, metrorrhagia, Baihuang, postpartum hematuria, lochia, blood stasis, traumatic bleeding, carbuncle pain.
① Compendium: "stop bleeding, disperse blood, set pain. If the wound is caused by a golden blade or arrow, or if the wound is caused by a fall on a staff, and the bleeding is not enough, chew and apply it, or mix it at the end, and the blood will stop. Also main vomiting, bleeding, bleeding, blood dysentery, avalanche, water more than, postpartum evil blood, blood circulation, blood pain, red eyes, carbuncle swelling, tiger bite, snake injury and other diseases. "
② Yuzhuo Yaojie: "Heying hemostasis, Tongmai Xingyu, xingyuxue and lianxinxue. For postpartum, menstrual period, contusion, carbuncle and swelling, all blood stasis is broken; for vomiting, metrorrhagia, knife wound, arrow shot, all new blood is stopped. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Jiantang, 1.5 ~ 3 yuan; Yanmo, 0.5 ~ 1 yuan. External use: grind juice to spread, grind powder to spread or adjust to apply.
[should avoid] pregnant women should not take it.
① "Materia Medica from the new": "can damage new blood, do not use without blood stasis. "
② It is forbidden to vomit in case of blood deficiency or blood heat rash. "
[storage] store in a cool and dry place to prevent moths.
[Fu Fang] Sanqi is known as "golden sore medicine". People compare it to "golden not exchange". It is a commonly used medicine in surgery and traumatology. It is contained in the famous "Yunnan Baiyao" in China. Artificial cultivation of Panax notoginseng, a variety in the field, known as "Tianqi.".
The leaves of Panax notoginseng also have the effect of hemostasis and anti-inflammatory.
[prescription selection] ① for hematemesis and bleeding: Shanqi is a coin, chewed by oneself, and sent by rice soup. (Linhu jijianfang)
② Treatment of hematemesis: an egg, open, and Sanqi at the end of a money, a small cup of lotus root juice, half a small cup of wine, soup stew cooked food. (tongshoulu)
③ To treat hemoptysis and vomiting, to manage blood stasis and two stools and lower blood: Three Coins (calcined), three seven coins and two coins, and the rest of blood one coin (calcined). We studied the details together. Two times, boiled water delivery service. (huaxue pill in Zhongshen Xilu of Medicine)
④ Treatment also dysentery blood dysentery: three seven three money, research end, rice swill transfer service.
5. Treat the large intestine blood: 37 research, and one or two light baijiu. Add five to Siwu soup.
⑥ Treatment of postpartum blood: Sanqi Yan Mo, rice soup take a money.
⑦ Treatment of red eye, very important: Panax notoginseng grinding juice coated around. (4) a brief prescription of Linhu collection is published below
⑧ Treat knife wound, finish: good, ginseng, Panax notoginseng, and the end of each equal. For the end, warm wine. Or mixed with. (Qibao San in Gangmu Shiyi)
⑨ Hemostasis: Ginseng and Panax notoginseng, white wax, frankincense, Dalbergia odorifera, dragon's blood, quintuple, oyster, etc. No fire is the end. Apply it. (military hemostatic prescription in huishengji)
⑩ The treatment of nameless carbuncle, pain more than: Shanqi mill rice Tiao Tu. If it has been broken, dry coating at the end of research. (compendium)
(11) hematemesis and continuous blood work. With three seven one money, mouth chew, rice soup sent down.
(12) red dysentery and blood dysentery. With three seven three money, research fine, Taomi water transfer service.
Blood under the large intestine. Use 37 to make fine, light Baijiu to one to two money clothes. It can be cured by taking three kinds of medicine.
(14) women's blood collapse. The treatment is the same as above.
(3) severe red eye. Use Panax notoginseng root to grind juice and apply it around the eyes. It's very effective.
(16) nameless carbuncle, pain. Use Panax notoginseng root to grind rice vinegar; if the carbuncle is broken, use Panax notoginseng root to grind and dry.
A tiger bites an insect. Study with Panax notoginseng, take three money each time, and send rice soup. Another Panax notoginseng was chewed and smeared on the injured area.
[clinical application] ① treatment of angina pectoris
45 g each time, 3 times a day, double the severity. 16 patients with angina pectoris as the main complaint of coronary heart disease, after treatment, except for 1 case of angina pectoris complicated with acute myocardial infarction, the drug was stopped after several days, the other 15 cases had satisfactory analgesic effect. There were 4 patients who needed to take compound nitroglycerin tablets for a long time, and they could stop taking them after taking Sanqi; 5 patients complicated with hypertension, their blood pressure dropped slowly after taking medicine; 3 patients' heart rate slowed down after taking medicine; 4 patients' ECG improved slightly. The results showed that Panax notoginseng could significantly increase coronary blood flow, reduce myocardial oxygen consumption, reduce arterial pressure and heart rate, and reduce cardiac workload. All of the above effects are helpful to lighten the burden on the heart and alleviate the contradiction between myocardial oxygen demand and insufficient oxygen supply. Therefore, they are favorable factors for the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. According to the observation of a few cases, 1.8g Panax Notoginseng Powder was taken three times a day before eating for one month, which had a certain effect on reducing blood lipid and cholesterol. There was no obvious side effect during the course of taking medicine. Some patients felt energetic after taking medicine and their clinical symptoms were alleviated. The blood routine examination showed that there was no obvious change in the blood picture, which seemed to improve the platelet count.
② Treatment of hemoptysis
Panax Notoginseng Powder 2-3 points, 2-3 times a day, a total of 10 patients with hemoptysis caused by bronchiectasis, pulmonary tuberculosis and pulmonary abscess were treated. The amount of hemoptysis varied from 50 ml to 600 ml. One patient stopped bleeding after 5 days, 6 patients stopped bleeding after 10-30 days, and 3 patients stopped bleeding after 31-60 days. Among them, 8 cases had complete hemostasis, and 2 cases had a small amount of hemoptysis 1-2 weeks after hemostasis. This medicine has hemostatic, antitussive, expectorant and analgesic effects on lung diseases. No side effect was found after taking this medicine.
③ Treatment of acute necrotizing segmental enteritis
Use Panax Notoginseng Powder, 3 minutes each time, 3 times a day, boiled water delivery service. 8 cases were treated and 7 cases were cured. In general, the abdominal pain was relieved 2 days after taking the medicine, and 4-5 days later
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