It's cold in June
(Kaibao materia medica)
[synonym] dafenghancao, honghuayezhima (collection of commonly used folk herbs), roadside shoot, huagudan, yezhima (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine), fengzicao (treatment manual of commonly used herbs).
[source] it is the whole plant of Verbenaceae.
[plant morphology] Trifolium
Perennial erect herbs, about 80-100 cm high. Stems white pilose, twigs quadrangular. Leaves opposite, broadly ovate, ca. 3 cm long, ca. 2.5 cm wide, margin coarsely serrate, white pilose; petiole ca. 7 mm long. Cyme axillary; calyx campanulate, 4-lobed, lobes ovate, apex pointed, pilose; corolla purplish red, 5-lobed, symmetrical, upper 4-lobes equal, bottom 1 larger, with purplish red spots; stamens 4, 2-strong, protruding; ovary 4-locular, style slender, longer than stamens, apex 2-divergent. Capsule, 4-lobed, enclosed by persistent calyx. The flowering period is from April to May.
Most of them grow on the shrub grassland in the lower part of the hillside. It is distributed in Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu and other places.
[collection] collected in late spring and early summer.
[nature and taste] Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "pungent, slightly bitter, flat. "
Functions and indications: relieving exterior and promoting lung. It is used to treat headache, cough, external obstruction, eye shadow and scald.
① Tianbao materia medica: "dispel cold, clear fire, treat all kinds of pain, external obstruction, all kinds of cough. "
② "Commonly used herbal medicine treatment manual": "to disperse cold, Xuanfei cough. It can cure wind cold and cough. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] ① for pertussis: three coins for June cold, four coins for five fur, four coins for rabbit ear wind, four coins for lung tendon grass and five coins for frog grass. The herbs were fried with honey and then boiled with water. Take it three times a day. The dregs can be decocted again for another day. (Pharmaceutical Bulletin 7 (8): 276-2761959)
② Treatment of burns: roadside tip powder, flavoring oil or egg yolk oil application. If there is ulceration, add a little borneol. (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of ulcerated lymph node tuberculosis: appropriate amount of fresh leaves on roadside tip, mash and sugar for external application; or dry leaf powder, Vaseline for application. (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Liu Yue Han
It's cold in June
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