[synonym] ChouJu (the book of Materia Medica), goujizi (Lvyan materia medica), yeorange (compendium), Tangju (Chinese tree taxonomy), goujuli, Gangju (Jiangsu botanical records), gouzhuli, Yeli, kutongzi (Shanghai common Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the immature fruit of Lycium chinense.
[plant morphology] Gouju, also known as Zhizhi (Zhouli), Tieli (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), tielizhai and Yuqi.
Evergreen shrubs or small trees, 5-7 m high. The stems and branches are provided with thick axillary spines, 3-4 cm long, with flat base; the young branches are smooth, glabrous, green, flat and angular; the old branches are round. The terminal leaflets are elliptic to obovate, 2.5-6 cm long and 1.5-3 cm wide, with rounded or slightly concave apex, cuneate base, smaller lateral leaflets, oblique base and serrated edges. Arachis hypogaea L. leaves axillary on biennial branches, usually opening first; sepals 5, ovate triangular; petals 5, white, oblong obovate, 8-10 mm long; stamens 8-10, or more than 20, free; ovary superior, pubescent, 6-8-locular, style thick and short. The fruit is round, 2-4cm in diameter, yellow and fragrant when ripe. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit is ripe from September to October.
Most of them are planted as hedgerows. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
The root bark (root bark of trifoliate orange), bark crumbs (Fructus aurantii Immaturus), thorn (Fructus citri Immaturus), leaf (leaf of Fructus citri Immaturus), young fruit (Fructus aurantii Immaturus), mature fruit (Fructus aurantii Immaturus) and seed (core of Fructus citri Immaturus) of this plant are also used for medicine. See the special provisions for each.
[collection] from August to September, the fruits are picked when they are immature, and exposed to the sun and dew at night until they are all dry.
[herbal medicine] the dried fruit is round, 2-3.5cm in diameter, yellow or yellow green on the surface, with numerous small oil spots and reticular raised wrinkles, densely pubescent, with obvious stigma mark on the top, short fruit stalk or fruit stalk mark on the base. The cross-section peel is 2-3mm thick, yellow white, yellow oil spots scattered along the outer edge, 6-8 pulp in the middle, and yellow white long ellipse in each ladle The seeds are several.
Produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[chemical constituents] the fruit contains some flavonoids, such as jigenoside, hesperidin, lacqueroside, naringin and neohesperidin. Naringin only exists in peel, but not in pulp. In the early years, the Lycium glycosides isolated from the fruits are Poncirus glycosides, and also contain the alkaloid konjac alkaloid.
The peel contains about 0.47% volatile oil, including α - pinene, β - pinene, myrcene, limonene, camphene, γ - Terpinene, p-cymene, caryophyllene, etc.
[processing] wash with water, soak, remove, moisten, slice and dry.
Hard work, warm.
① "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "Xin, Wen, non-toxic. "
② Common Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai: "hard work, warm.". "
Functions and indications: Soothing the liver, harmonizing the stomach, regulating qi and relieving pain. Treatment of chest and abdominal distension, stomachache, hernia, testicular swelling, breast tuberculosis, uterine prolapse, traumatic injury; detoxification.
① "Breaking the heat of the original, dispelling the poison.". "
② "Gangmu Shiyi": "treat child carbuncle and hernia, the whole Gouju calcination, research, aged wine delivery service. "
③ A textual research on the names and facts of plants: "treating Dieda. "
④ "Sweating, invigorating the stomach, eliminating phlegm, diuresis" in the illustrated book of Chinese medicine. Treat chest and abdomen pain. "
⑤ "Commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai" is "benefiting qi, strengthening stomach and defecating. Treatment of stomach fullness, dyspepsia, constipation, uterine prolapse, breast tuberculosis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 Qian (large dosage can be up to 1 liang); or calcined and preserved. External use: wash with boiling water or apply with boiling cream.
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of epigastric pain: Fructus citri, calcined powder, wine, square inch dagger
② Treatment of small intestinal Qi: six Gouju, with half a jin of wine bubble service. (Nanjing folk herbs)
③ Treatment of internal injury pain: Gouju, vinegar soaking, boiling glue, spread paste, paste that pain stop, but need to stick for a long time, in order not to relapse. (Ben Jing Feng Yuan)
④ Treatment of women's blood gas attack Chong: the number of Fructus Lycii is not much, for the fine end. Take one money each time, and take it with strong fried wormwood vinegar soup. (Lu Yan Ben Cao)
⑤ Treatment of white rash and pruritus all over the body: small Gouju fine cut, wheat bran fried yellow, for the end. Two yuan per serving, when the wine is less. drink wine. At the beginning of the Gouju Decoction to wash the affected area. (emergency prescription)
⑦ After dysentery and purulent blood, the patient's throat fistula was treated, and the swelling and toxin were eliminated.
⑧ In recent years, it has also been used to treat nausea, vomiting and breast tuberculosis. The fruit of Chinese tangerine, washed, dried and cut into slices, can cure epigastric fullness, dyspepsia, constipation, breast tuberculosis and hernia.
Chinese PinYin : Gou Ju
Saposhnikovia divaricata. Fang Feng Cao
Bamboo shoots. Ci Zhu Sun
Goose gall. E Dan
Morning glory. Qian Niu Zi
Celery flower. Qin Hua
buckwheat. Qiao Mai
Allium tuberosum. Shan Jiu
Physalis alkekengi. Suan Jiang
Mirabilis himalayana. Xi Ma La Ya Zi Mo Li
New wood. Xin Mu Zi
Alpinia angustifolia. Yang Jiao Teng