(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonyms] huangtoucao, huangzishi, Cao (Lingnan medicine collection record), xiangniuganzi, Honghen grass (Nanning medicine records), zhuyaocao (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II), huangshicao, xiaoyelongshicao (Guangzhou army Manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is a legume from Guangdong Province.
[plant morphology] Acacia cantonensis
Woody vines, up to 1 m long, often scattered on the ground or wound around other plants. Taproot stout, up to 60 cm. The stem is thin, dark red purple, and the young part is densely covered with yellowish brown hairs. Double pinnate compound leaves, leaflets 7-12 pairs, obovate oblong or rectangular field shaped, 5-12 mm long and 3-5 mm wide, membranous, few sessile, apex truncate with small sharp, base shallow heart-shaped, sparsely hairy above, coarsely attached below, veins protruding on both sides; stipules opposite, linear lanceolate; stipules conical. Raceme axillary, flowers ca. 6 mm long; calyx campanulate; corolla prominent, purplish red; stamens 9, connate into a tube, attached to the petal, upper part separated; ovary nearly sessile, style short. The pods are oblong, flat, sparsely yellowish hairy, with caudate apex; the seeds are 4-5, oblong, flat, smooth, dark brown or yellowish at maturity, with obvious caruncle. It's spring and summer.
In the mountains or wilderness, near shrubs. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[collection] all year round. Take the whole plant, remove the pods (poisonous pods) and impurities, and dry in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried whole grass with roots is usually wrapped into bundles. The length and thickness of the root are different, the main root is cylindrical or conical, the surface is gray brown, with longitudinal and transverse wrinkles, the lateral root is vertical and transverse with the main root, the main root is hard, not easy to break. Stem rattan, 1.5-2.5 mm thick, surface gray brown, rough, branchlets reddish brown, smooth; solid, uneven section. The air is weak and the taste is light. It is better to be dry and clean with complete roots, stems and leaves.
Produced in Guangdong and Guangxi.
[chemical constituents] the whole plant contains Acacia alkaloids, choline, sterols, flavonoids, amino acids and sugars.
[pharmacological action] Acacia alkaloid intraperitoneal injection can reduce the inflammatory reaction caused by staphylococcal toxin in the shoulder of mice; it has no therapeutic effect on experimental anemia in rabbits, and high concentration (1:500) can inhibit the dissolution of sheep blood cells.
[processing] wash, slice and dry.
Sweet and cool.
① "Nanning drug records": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
② "Lingnan herbal medicine annals": "the taste is slightly sweet and the nature is cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, soothing the liver and dispersing blood stasis. It can treat jaundice, hepatitis, stomachache, mastitis, rash, bruise, blood stasis and pain.
① "Drug records of Nanning city": "anti inflammation and detoxification. The treatment of infectious hepatitis is hard. Ye: tamping down and applying on breast sores. "
② Chinese medicine plant illustrated book: "it is used to treat rheumatism and bone pain, bruise and blood internal injury, and it is also used as cool and antipyretic medicine. "
③ Lingnan herbal medicine annals: "clearing stagnant heat, soothing the liver, harmonizing the spleen, continuing to break the wound. "
④ "Clearing away heat and dampness, soothing liver and relieving pain" is a common Chinese herbal medicine manual of Guangzhou army. Treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis ascites, stomachache, urine tingling, snake bite. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan, or put into pill or powder. External use: tamping.
[selected formula] ① treatment of jaundice: two pieces of chicken bone grass, seven or eight pieces of red jujube. Take it by frying. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
② Treatment of scrofula: chicken bone grass six Jin, thin scrofula four Jin. At the end of the research, honey is a pill, and each pill weighs one dollar. Take two pills three times a day for two to four weeks. (prescription collection of new Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi)
[clinical application] treatment of acute infectious hepatitis
Take 2-3 taels of dried chicken bone grass (1-2 taels for children) and 2 taels of lean pork, and fry them with 1000 ml water. 44 cases were treated and 42 cases were cured. The average cure time was 21 days. Jaundice disappeared for 15 days on average; liver function recovered for 18-21 days; hepatomegaly gradually returned to normal with the recovery of liver function. There was no adverse reaction in the course of treatment. The effect on chronic hepatitis is not good. A case of severe hepatitis (severe jaundice combined with lethargy) was reported. He took Jigucao Decoction 60 ml each time, three times a day. After 4 days, he became conscious and urinated more. On the 5th day, his conscious symptoms were significantly alleviated, on the 14th day, his conscious symptoms disappeared, and his jaundice was not obvious. On the 19th day, his general condition returned to normal. After drug withdrawal and observation, his liver function gradually recovered. After 38 days in hospital, the patient was cured and discharged.
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