(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonyms] wild amaranth, native amaranth, pig mother vegetable (Fujian folk herbal medicine), wild amaranth (Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals), prickle grass (Fujian traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the root or whole grass of Amaranthaceae.
[plant morphology] Amaranthus spinosa
Perennial erect herbs, 30 cm to 1 m high, many branched. The stem is sometimes red, the lower part is smooth, and the upper part is slightly hairy. Leaves alternate; ovate or rhomboid ovate, 4-10 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, narrower at both ends, entire or microwavy, midrib abaxially raised, apex spiny; petiole almost as long as leaf blade or slightly shorter; axillary spines 1 pair. Flowers unisexual, female flowers clustered in leaf axils, spherical; male flowers clustered into terminal erect or slightly drooping cylindrical spikes; flowers small, green or green white, spiny hairy, bracts about the same length as sepals; sepals 5; stamens 5. Utricles subovate, tectate. The flowering and fruiting period is from May to October.
Wild in wasteland or nursery. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
[collection] it can be harvested in summer and autumn.
[chemical constituents] the root contains flavonoid glycosides, amino acids, organic acids and sugars.
Sweet and cold.
① "Lingnan caiyao Lu": "it is sweet in taste, cold in nature and non-toxic. "
② Lu Chuan's materia medica: "it's mild in taste and cold in nature. "
③ "Nanning drug records": "Gan, Leng Li, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Mindong materia medica: "entering the heart and kidney meridians. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, removing dampness, detoxifying and detumescence. For dysentery, hematochezia, edema, leucorrhea, gallstones, scrofula, hemorrhoids, scrofula, sore throat, snake bite.
① "Lingnan medicine collection record" says: "take the leaf stem decoction, clear away heat and toxin, disperse blood and detumescence, treat dysentery; decoct water to wash hemorrhoids, eliminate edema; and smash it to wipe blood ringworm. "
② "Fujian folk herbal medicine": "Xiaoyong Sanjie, insecticidal detoxification. "
③ "Lu Chuan's Materia Medica": "detoxify heat and reduce swelling. It is used to treat dampness, heat, swelling, heat rash and ulceration in summer. "
④ "Records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine": "Qingre Lishi, Lida small intestine. For dysentery, fecal bleeding, damp heat and stomachache, it can be used for external use. "
⑤ "Mindong Materia Medica": "it is used to treat gingival erosion, sore bleeding, carbuncle, gangrene, furuncle and corrosive flesh. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh). External use: decocting, washing, tamping or burning, grinding and scattering.
[taboo] records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine: "it is forbidden for pregnant women with chronic dysentery. "
[selection] 1. For dysentery: one or two fresh amaranth roots and half brown sugar. Drink water, fry half a bowl, take before meals. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
② Cure woman leucorrhea: fresh thorn amaranth root one to two. Fried in water, with some rock sugar. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of gallstones: fresh amaranth whole grass (green stem is better) six Liang, pig small intestine a section. Take it in water, one dose a day, continuously. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of goiter: fresh wild amaranth root and stem two liang, pork two Liang (or with rock sugar five money instead). Take it twice a day for more than ten days. Women's menstruation and pregnant women should not take it.
⑤ Treatment of scrofula: fresh amaranth whole grass or fresh rhizome two to three Liang. It's fried in water.
⑥ Treatment of eczema: Acacia whole grass amount. Fry in water, add a little salt, and take a bath. (4) Fujian traditional Chinese medicine (6): 381962)
⑦ Treatment of hemorrhoids swelling and pain: a fresh thorn amaranth leaf grip. Fried soup fumigation, once or twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑧ Treatment of carbuncle, gangrene and furuncle: appropriate amount of fresh amaranth leaves, mash and apply with winter honey, change once or twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of gingival erosion and bleeding: amaranth burning ash, grinding end rub. (Mindong materia medica)
⑩ Treatment of sore throat: fresh amaranth root twelve five money. Take it in water. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
(11) treatment of acne: prickly amaranth and tung oil mash paste on the affected area. (Mindong materia medica)
(12) treatment of snake bite: fresh amaranth whole grass 22. Add some water and fry. Take another leaf, wash it with boiling water, mash and apply to the wound. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
[clinical application] treatment of ulcer bleeding
Wash the amaranth and slice it into 1-200 kg fresh amaranth, add water for 3-4 hours. 18 cases were treated, 15 cases were cured (vomiting coffee liquid stopped, stool turned yellow, occult blood test negative), 2 cases were improved (stool turned brown, occult blood test weakly positive), 1 case was invalid. The hemostasis time of cured cases was 1 case in 3 days, 4 cases in 4-6 days and 10 cases in 7-13 days.
Chinese PinYin : Xian Cai
Citron leaf. Xiang Yuan Ye
Red bayberry. Ai Yang Mei
Jigongchai. Ji Gong Chai
Ailanthus altissima. Chun Ye
Male fish. Gong Yu
Huangpaoguo. Huang Pao Guo
Huangyuan. Huang Wan
Egret meat. Lu Rou
Shi Fengdan. Shi Feng Dan
Buffalo skin. Shui Niu Pi
Turnip flower. Wu Jing Hua
Valeriana officinalis. Xie Cao