[synonyms] feiqing (Ben Jing), Tiansha, Fu Zhu, Fu Tu, Fei pheasant, Mu He (BIE Lu), feilianhao (Qian Jin Yi Fang), laoniucuo (Heilongjiang traditional Chinese Medicine), honghuacao, CI Da Cao, Lei Gong CAI (Hunan medicinal records), daliwang and fengtouke. Feilian (the manual of Chinese herbal medicine by Su Yi).
[source] the whole grass or root of Feilian, a Compositae plant.
[plant morphology] Feilian
Herbs Biennial. Stem erect, 70-100 cm high, with longitudinal ribs, with green wings and toothed spines. The lower leaves are elliptic lanceolate, 5-20 cm long, pinnately lobed, with spines on the edge of the lobes, green on the top, with fine hairs or nearly smooth on the top, spider like hairs on the bottom, and then gradually smooth; the upper leaves are gradually smaller. 2-3 head like inflorescences, inserted at the end of branches, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter; involucre bell shaped, about 2 cm long, 1.5-3 cm wide, bracts multi-layered, outer layer shorter than inner layer gradually, middle bracts linear lanceolate, apex long pointed into thorny. Inner bracts linear, membranous, slightly purplish. All the flowers are tubular, bisexual, purplish red, tube length 15-16 mm, apex 5-lobed; stamen 5, anther connate; pistil 1, style slender, stigma 2-lobed. Achene oblong, 3 mm long, apex truncate, base contracted; corolla white or gray white, ca. 15 mm long, spiny. The flowering period is June and July.
Born on the side of the wilderness road. It is distributed all over the country.
When used as a medicine, it has white hairs on its young stems. The leaves are lanceolate or oblanceolate, pinnately lobed, with teeth on the margin and needles on the teeth. Inflorescence solitary; involucral bracts several layers, apex spiny; flowers purplish red. Achene elliptic, slightly flat, glossy; corolla white, multilayered, base connate.
[collection] collect roots in winter and spring, stems in summer, leaves and flowers, fresh or dried.
Bitter and smooth.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes bitter and flat. "
② Bielu: "non toxic. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "it tastes bitter and salty, and is poisonous. "
④ "Common Chinese herbal medicine in Tibet:" bitter, cool. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind, clearing heat, removing dampness, cooling blood and dispersing blood stasis. Treatment of wind heat, cold, dizziness, wind heat arthralgia, skin itching, urinary tract infection, chyluria, blood in urine, leucorrhea, bruise, swelling and toxin, fire injury in soup.
① Ben Jing: "the main bone joint is hot, and the shin is sore.". "
② Bielu: "it's very important to treat dizziness. The wind evil in the skin is like bee stinging and needling, and the roe is thin. Heat sores, carbuncle, gangrene, hemorrhoids, dampness arthralgia, wind evil cough, milk. Replenish qi and improve eyesight. "
③ "Drug degradation": the main blood. "
④ Tang materia medica: "cure malnutrition, kill insects. "
⑤ "Four sound Materia Medica": "infantile malnutrition dysentery, for powder, to serous water. "
⑥ The compendium of Chinese medicine: "to cure the head wind and promote the movement.". "
⑦ Common Chinese herbal medicine in Tibet: "cool blood, stop bleeding, disperse blood stasis and detumescence. It can cure all kinds of bleeding, bruise, sore, burn and scald. "
⑧ Su Yi's Handbook of Chinese herbal medicine: "dispelling wind, removing dampness, clearing away heat and detumescence. For chyluria, hematuria, urinary tract infection, influenza, leucorrhea and menorrhagia; for external use, for sore swelling and hemorrhoids. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, fresh 1-2 Liang; into powder or liquor. External use: tamping or burning, grinding powder mixing.
[Yi Ji] "get Aconitum good. Ephedra. "
[selection] ① for arthritis: one jin of laoniucuo (whole herb), three liang of Polygonum multiflorum and half Jin of Shengdi. Soak in wine for a week, take a small cup every day. (Heilongjiang traditional Chinese Medicine)
② Treatment of unknown swelling, hemorrhoids, traumatic swelling and pain: the old cow wrong stems and leaves, rammed into mud, applied to the affected area. (Heilongjiang traditional Chinese Medicine)
③ Treatment of chancre occult erosion of the mouth and lower part: Feilian wormwood burned as ash, mashed and screened, with two money dagger service (fried for two hours each time), twice a day. (Jiangsu new medical treatment of Chinese herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Fei Lian
Big black medicine. Da Hei Yao
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Rehmannia glutinosa. Di Huang Shi
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Polygonum multiflorum. Mu Tian Liao Zi
Shi Nanshi. Shi Nan Shi
Branches and leaves of Chinese flowering pear. Tang Li Zhi Ye
Xiangyuanzi. Xiang Yuan Zi
Xiaofeijincao. Xiao Fei Jin Cao
Artemisia rupestris. Yi Zhi Hao
Taro. Yu Tou
Yunshigen. Yun Shi Gen