(Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
[source] it is the fruit of zimucao or Arnebia euchroma.
[plant morphology] 1. Zimucao, also known as liulicao and jieguxiantaocao.
Perennial herbs, 15-25 cm high. The base of stem is prostrate, elongated, coarsely hairy, and new branches emerge from the axils of old branches and leaves, erect. Leaves alternate; oblong, narrowly oblong or obovate lanceolate, 1.5-6 cm long, 5-20 mm wide, apex obtuse, base narrowly cuneate, sessile or shortly stipitate, surface hirsute. Flowers solitary in upper leaf axils, purplish blue, rarely white; calyx 5-lobed, lobes linear lanceolate, apex acute; corolla tube throat with 5 white lines projecting, 5-lobed, transverse diameter 15-18 mm; stamens 5; ovary deeply 4-lobed, style 1. Nutlets white, 2.5-3 mm long, smooth. The flowering period is from April to May.
Born in Xiangyang mountain or under forest. It is distributed in Shaanxi, Jiangsu, Fujian, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hubei and other places.
② Big Arnebia, also known as: maijiagong, Tian Arnebia.
Annual or biennial herbs, 20-40 cm high, covered with white bristles. Stem erect, base inclined, often branched. Leaves alternate, lanceolate or obovate elliptic, 1-4 cm long, 1-7 mm wide, entire, stipitate or sessile. The flowers are white, solitary in the axils of the upper part of the stem; the calyx lobes are linear, slightly shorter than the corolla; the Corolla is funnel-shaped, about 6-7 mm long, with a protuberant throat. Nutlets gray, slightly glossy, with slight verrucous shrinkage and minute verrucae, 2-3 mm long. It blooms in summer and ripens in September.
It grows on rocky hillside, wild grassland or wet field. Distributed in Northeast, Shaanxi, Hebei, Jiangsu and other regions.
[collection] the fruits should be harvested and dried when they are ripe from July to September.
[herbal medicine] the fruit is oblate triangle, 1.5-3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, with edge on one side, slightly pointed apex, scar on the base, white appearance, smooth and moist. The seed is hard and can be seen after broken. The seed coat and shell are healed. It is brownish black and the kernel is gray white and slightly yellow. Rich in oil.
[chemical constituents] the whole plant of Arnebia euchroma contains rutin 0.25-0.44% or 0.59%, TRIACONTANE, eicosanol, palmitic acid, myristic acid, lauric acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid and other fatty acids, as well as sitosterol, fumaric acid, caffeic acid, glucose and rhamnose.
The root contains fumaric acid and glucose.
Sweet and spicy. Wen.
[function indications] warming the stomach, reducing swelling and relieving pain. Treatment of gastric distension, acid reflux, stomach cold pain, hematemesis, traumatic injury, fracture.
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decocting soup, 1-2 yuan: or grinding powder. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] ① for stomach cold and acid regurgitation: three to five parts of dixiantao, powder, ginger decoction.
② Treatment of hematemesis: to Xiantao one money, taro seven one money, a total of chewing.
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