(Ben Cao Zheng)
[synonym] neem fruit (Ben Jing), Lian Shi (Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu), Jin Ling Zi. Renzao (Hou Ningji's medicine spectrum), Melia azedarach (Ben Cao Tu Jing)).
[source] it is the fruit of toosendan, a Lauraceae plant.
[plant morphology] toosendan
Arbor, up to 10 meters high. The bark is grayish brown and the branchlets are grayish yellow. 2-5 pairs of leaflets ovate into narrow ovate, 4-7 cm long and 2-3.5 cm wide, apex acuminate or long acuminate, base round, often asymmetric, entire or sparsely serrated. Panicle cyme, axillary, densely short hairy and stellate hairy; total pedicel 10 cm long; flowers 6-8 mm in diameter, lavender; calyx 5-6, grayish green; petals 5-6, narrowly oblanceolate; stamens 2 times as many as petals, filaments connected into tubes; ovary bottle shaped, 6-8-locular, occasionally 5-locular. Drupe oblong or suborbicular, yellow or chestnut brown. Seeds flat, oblong, black, ca. 1 cm long. The flower paste lasts from March to April. The fruit period is from September to November.
It grows in wet places in sparse forests. It is distributed in Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Henan, Guizhou and southern Gansu.
The root bark or bark (neem bark), leaf (neem leaf) and flower (neem flower) of this plant are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[medicinal material] the dried fruit is spherical or oval in shape, with a long diameter of 1.5-3 cm and a short diameter of 1.5-2.3 cm. The surface is yellow or yellowish brown, with light translation, dark brown or yellowish brown dots, with depression or shrinkage. One end is sunken, with fruit stalk falling off trace, the other end is flat, with a brown punctate peduncle trace. The pericarp is leathery and often has a gap with the pulp. The flesh is thick, light yellow and soft. The core is spherical or ovoid, both ends truncated, yellowish brown, with 6-8 longitudinal edges on the surface and 6-8 chambers inside. It contains 6-8 black purple flat fusiform seeds. The kernel is milky white and oily. It has special Qi, sour taste and bitter taste. It is better to have golden surface, yellow white meat, thick and soft.
It is mainly produced in Sichuan, Hubei, Guizhou, Henan and other places.
In Shaanxi, Anhui, Jiangsu, Shandong, Hubei and other places, the fruit of Melia azedarach is sometimes used as the product. The fruit of Melia azedarach is small in shape and 1-2 cm in diameter. The surface is reddish brown with yellowish brown, glossy, wrinkled and many brown dots. There is a remnant mark of fruit stalk at one end and a round concave point at the other end. Pericarp leathery, easy to peel. The core is oblong, with 5-6 longitudinal ribs and contains 4-6 seeds. Seeds oblate fusiform, purplish red, thin skin, with 2 cotyledons, yellow white, rich in oil. Qi is weak and specific, and tastes sour and bitter. The original plant is Melia azedarach bark.
[processing] toosendan: remove impurities, wash, dry, crush or split in half. Stir fry toosendan: stir fry the crushed and seeded toosendan meat with wheat bran until dark yellow. Take out and let cool.
"Lei Gong Paozhi Lun": "(neem fruit) after harvest, dry in the sun, mix with wine, soak until wet, steam, until the epithelium is soft, peel off the skin, take the meat to remove the core, don't just use the core, hammer, use the slurry to boil for one volt. If you make meat, you don't make nucleus, and if you make nucleus, you don't make meat. "
[chemical constituents] it contains toosendanin, alkaloid, kaempferol, resin and tannin.
Bitter, cold and poisonous.
① Ben Jing: "bitter, cold. "
② Bielu: "there are small poisons. "
③ "Pearl bag": "sour, bitter. "
④ "Core: bitter and pungent; cold. "
[channel tropism] into the liver, stomach and small intestine.
① "Pearl bag": entering the heart. "
② "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": entering the heart and small intestine. "
③ In the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "entering the Foot Yangming and hand foot Taiyin meridians. "
④ "To match Materia Medica": "enter the foot Jueyin meridian. "
Functions and indications: remove dampness and heat, clear liver fire, relieve pain and kill insects. Treatment of febrile heart pain, flank pain, colic, abdominal pain.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the main body is febrile, febrile and febrile. It can kill three insects and steal, and benefit urination. "
② "Theory of medicinal properties": "the host is hot, crazy, lose heart, irritable, make soup bath. "
③ "Pearl bag": "the upper and lower parts of the main body suffer from abdominal pain and sudden heart pain. "
④ "Compendium": "treat hernia, worms and hemorrhoids. "
⑤ Yilin zuanyao: "Xie Xin Huo, Jian Shen Shui, Qing Fei Jin, Qing Gan Huo. Nuclear: Yi hernia, to chronic cold. "
⑥ Ben Ge Qiu yuan: "treat gonorrhea, stem pain, hypochondriac, spermatorrhea, accumulation, all kinds of thrusting, bleeding, headache, bleeding, insecticidal. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: grind and apply.
[should avoid] it should not be taken if the spleen and stomach are deficient and cold.
Compendium: "fennel is used for it. "
(1) for the treatment of febrile syncope and heartache, one or two for Jinlingzi and one or two for Xuanhusuo. On the fine end, each take two or three money, wine tune, warm soup also get. (Jin Ling Zi San in huofa Jiyao)
② Treatment of bladder hernia, obstruction of lower yuan, urinary obstruction, pain can not be Ninja: 49 pieces of Jinlingzi meat (file as big as beans, do not grind fine, use 49 pieces of Croton, peel not broken, stir fry with Jinlingzi meat until golden bell is dark yellow, do not use Croton), one or two pieces of fennel (stir fry). In addition to Croton on the piece, the two will be fine powder, each serving two money, warm wine tune down, before eating. (Jinlingzi powder in Yang's family collection)
③ Treatment of cold hernia, as well as partial fall, small intestine temple pain: toosendan three money, fennel five money, wood a money, light Evodia a money. Take it in long running water. (Daoqi Decoction in Jianyi of medical prescription)
④ Treatment of viscera and blood: stir fried Melia azedarach seed to make yellow. For the end, honey pill. Rice drink ten to twenty pills. (empirical formula)
⑤ Treatment of kidney Xiaogao Lin, disease in the next coke: Melia azedarach, fennel, etc. For the end, every warm wine - money. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑥ Treatment of infantile five chancre: toosendan meat, chuanxiong, etc. For the end, pig bile pill. It's three meters down. (pick Yuan Fang)
⑦ Treatment of ear sores: neem in, pound, with cotton wrapped in the ear. (Sheng Hui Fang)
[clinical application] ① treatment of acute mastitis
Mash and dry the seeds of Melia azedarach with skin and kernel. Stir fry until yellowish and grind into fine powder. Take Melia azedarach 2-200 ml twice a day, with brown sugar 2-200 ml each time. A total of 43 cases were treated, of which 34 cases were not suppurated at the time of initial diagnosis. They were cured within 3 days after taking medicine 2-4 times.
② Treatment of tinea capitis
Roasted Melia azedarach seed, ground into fine powder, mix with cooked lard or vaseline to make 50% ointment. First shave or cut the hair of the patient, wash the scab with clean water, then wash it with 5-10% alum water once, wipe it dry, apply ointment (about 2-3mm thick), once a day, for 10 days as a course of treatment, generally 2-3 courses of treatment can be cured. More than 4000 patients with tinea were treated by Shangfa, and the effective rate was more than 98%.
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